Category Archives: Cloud Computing

Cloud Computing – W3schools

Cloud Computing has become the buzzing topic of today's technology, driving mainly by marketing and services offered by prominent corporate organizations like Google, IBM & Amazon. Cloud computing is the next stage to evolve the Internet. Though for some people, "Cloud Computing" is a big deal, it is not. In reality, cloud computing is something that we have been using for a long time; it is the internet facility, along with the associated standards that provide a set of web-services to users. When users draw the term 'Internet' as a "cloud", they represent the essential characteristics of cloud computing.

Cloud computing is the latest generation technology with an extensive IT infrastructure that provides us a means by which we can use and utilize the applications as utilities via the Internet. Cloud computing makes IT infrastructure along with its services available "on-need" basis. The cloud technology includes - a development platform, hard disk, computing power, software application, and database. This technology doesn't require large-scale capital expenditure to access cloud vendors. Instead, the cloud facilitates 'pay-per-use,' i.e., the organizations' users have to pay only that limited amount to use the cloud infrastructure. In other words, cloud computing refers to applications and services that run on a distributed network using virtualized resources and uses the standard internet protocols for accessing.

Before learning about Cloud technology, readers must know about Networking, computers, database, etc. Terms such as operating system, applications, programs, and their meanings must be known before starting this.

The small and extensive IT companies follow the old traditions of managing IT infrastructure, i.e., server room, to keep all the details and maintain that server. In a word, it is a server room consists of database servers, mail server, firewalls, routers, switches, QPS (Query per second) & Load handler, and other networking devices along with server engineers. To provide such IT infrastructure, a huge amount of money has to spend. So, to reduce the IT infrastructure cost, Cloud Computing technology came into play.

Cloud computing technology brings a shift in the real paradigm of technology in the way systems are deployed. The massive cloud computing technology was enabled by the likeness & trend of the Internet & the growth of some famous multinational companies. Cloud computing makes the user dream come into reality by the concepts of 'pay-as-you-go', infinite scale architecture, and universal system available with high-speed and accuracy.

With the cloud's help, an organization or individual can start from low and small grade to a big name within a short time. So cloud computing is said to be a revolutionary change, even though the technology is still in an evolving stage. Cloud computing takes services, applications, and technology similar to the internet world and converts them into a self-service utility.

If we analyze the Cloud technology intelligently, we will see that most people separate the cloud computing model into two distinct sets:

These topics will have an elaborate discussion on the later chapters as each of them has their subcategories.

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Cloud Computing - W3schools

What Is Windows 365 Cloud PC in 2021? [Microsoft 365 Cloud PC] – Cloudwards

Well, were finally here. Ever since the cloud first made it big on the computing scene with Dropboxs innovative consumer cloud storage solution, people have been speculating about how personal computers might one day work entirely in the cloud. Windows 365 Cloud PC promises to do just that, but will it live up to the hype?

In this article well look into Windows 365 Cloud PC and all of Microsofts big promises. Well explain what this Cloud PC does, how remote access might change the way you work and try to answer the question: What Is Windows 365 Cloud PC? Stick around for all the details on Microsofts new cloud computing service.

Its a cloud computing platform that offers virtual PCs with Windows 10 or 11 installed that are quick and easy to set up.

Yes, because it is a cloud platform, you must use the cloud (and thus, an internet connection) to access it.

Windows 365 Cloud PC is a hardware virtualization platform. That might seem like a mouthful, but its very easy to understand.

In simple terms, Microsoft 365 Cloud PC is a cloud service that hosts virtual PCs with Windows installed on them. Companies can use these virtual machines (or VMs) as if they were real Windows computers physically located in their offices. The only requirement is an internet connection.

Microsofts Windows 365 aims to transform the workplace into a more fluid space between the office and the home.

If everything works as it should, these Cloud PCS should be able to stream a full Windows experience to any device you own, allowing you to easily switch devices for remote work.

Business customers will be able to take advantage of this hybrid Windows model (as Microsoft calls it) to create a seamless transition between in-office and remote work. Users will be able to use a Windows 365 virtual desktop when working in the office, then log in to that same Windows 365 Cloud PC on their personal computer when working remotely, with access to the same apps and files.

Windows 365 will come as part of the Microsoft 365 SaaS platform, which means it will follow a subscription model, billed per user.

According to Microsoft, these cloud PCs will be able to stream a full Windows 10 or 11 operating system, apps, files and all, to any device you choose.

Microsoft first dipped its toes into PC virtualization with its Windows Virtual Desktop platform (renamed Azure Virtual Desktop), which made it big after the COVID-19 pandemic. The one downside to Azure Virtual Desktop is that it can be complicated to set up, as you have to configure your own VM in order to use it.

Although its built on Azure Virtual Desktop, the new Microsoft cloud platform is far easier to use. Cloud PCs will come preconfigured with Windows 10 or 11, and you can use them right out of the box as if they were regular PCs. System admins can manage cloud PCs via Microsofts remote desktop app, Microsoft Endpoint Manager.

The most exciting thing about Microsofts new cloud computing platform is that it should work with any device and operating system. Once your workplace assigns you a Windows 365 Cloud PC account, you can log in to it from any device with an internet connection, and use it as if it were your real-life office PC.

Microsofts tagline Hybrid Windows for a hybrid world highlights cloud PCs ability to adapt to both office and remote work.

This means that you could log in to your virtual Windows 365 Cloud PC from any personal or corporate device. This includes your laptop whether it runs Windows, macOS or Linux and even your Android or iOS mobile devices. You wont even have to roll out of bed to pick up your laptop; you can just fire up your work PC from your phone.

Why should businesses care? Well, they can save an up-front cost on hardware by running Microsofts virtual office PCs on weaker hardware. This creates opportunities for small businesses that lack resources to access the same computing power as their larger competitors.

Plus, the Microsoft cloud PC platform lets you scale processing power by allocating extra resources to your cloud PCs (at an additional cost). Plus, because you pay on a per-user basis, you wont have to pay for redundant VMs.

Microsoft lets you choose the processing capacity of your cloud PCs and change them at will.

Software developers will be glad to hear that the new virtual Windows machines work just like regular physical devices do, so developing for a virtual Windows machine should work the same way. This bodes well for app compatibility, too.

According to Microsoft, the Windows 365 platform is built with a zero-trust approach in mind. If youre not familiar with it, zero trust is the philosophy that employees should only be granted the minimum level of access to company files and systems, in order to minimize the risk of leaks and breaches.

If a company uses zero-trust architecture, a low-level employee falling prey to a phishing scam wont compromise the entire company system.

Using Windows 365s integration with Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) and Microsoft Endpoint Manager, system admins can create access policies for easy access management and overview. Multi-factor authentication adds another assurance that only those who need access can receive it.

Windows 365 is a cloud-based service, and as with all things cloud, it requires a constant, stable internet connection. Streaming Netflix in HD can be taxing enough on some connections, let alone streaming an entire operating system to your device.

Although many countries do have stable internet across their entire territory, even a country as advanced as the United States has poor internet coverage in rural areas. This means that a lot of Microsofts big talk about Windows 365 revolutionizing remote work just wont be an option in a large part of the world.

Our advice is to just take everything with a grain of salt until these Microsoft Cloud PCs are actually released and field-tested. After all, not even Google could successfully pull off its ambitious cloud gaming project Google Stadia and we have reason to believe that Windows 365 might hit some of the same speed bumps that Stadia did.

At the time of writing, we dont have any specific Microsoft pricing information. However, we gleaned one possible pricing plan during the latest Microsoft Inspire conference. The Windows 365 Business plan that was revealed offers a cloud PC with a two-core CPU, 4GB of RAM and 128GB of storage for $31 per month.

Concrete prices will be available on August 2, 2021, when Windows 365 launches.

We remain skeptical about how applicable the Microsoft Windows 365 Cloud PCs might be across the globe, but the service does show promise, especially if it can work well on a slower internet connection. If all goes according to plan, Windows 365 could indeed revolutionize the workspace and make virtual cloud PCs available to the masses.

Are you excited about these Cloud PCs? Do you believe Microsoft can pull off a quality streamed Windows experience, or do you expect it to fail? Please share your thoughts in the comments below, and as always, thank you for reading.

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What Is Windows 365 Cloud PC in 2021? [Microsoft 365 Cloud PC] - Cloudwards

USCIS Gets a Grip on Cloud Costs With Robotics Cloud Automation – MeriTalk

When U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) began moving to the cloud in 2014, much of the agencys cloud movement was lift and shift simply moving workloads as-is to the cloud. Over time, IT staff trained themselves on cloud operations and began to take greater advantage of the flexibility and scalability that cloud computing offers.

After several years, agency leadership tasked the Office of Information Technology (OIT) to digitize all of the agencys immigration benefits processes. Around that time, IT leaders realized that they needed stronger governance and standards around cloud. They moved to domain-driven design, which allowed IT to work across the agencys directorates.

Domain-driven design enabled us to work across the IT architecture, teams, and communications channels, said Rob Brown, USCIS chief technology officer. We began to understand what development teams were doing across the agency. As a result, we began to consolidate teams, platforms, and toolsets taking advantage of opportunities to reuse capabilities instead of buying more.

Then, last year, immigration services were curtailed because of the COVID-19 pandemic. Unlike most other Federal agencies, USCIS is self-funded through fees collected for the provision of immigration and citizenship benefits not through congressional appropriations. With USCIS offices closed, fee collection dropped precipitously, and agency units were tasked to employ cost-saving measures.

At OIT, leaders developed a cost-management strategy, as well as a 90-day Operation Cloud Control (OCC) project to realize immediate savings and establish processes to lock in those savings moving forward. Moving to reserved instances alone saved more than $2.5 million during 2020-2021. In total, the OCC project saved nearly $4 million during the same time frame.

Through the OCC project, OIT educated staff about the need to rightsize cloud instances, and it created dashboards to measure progress, which were visible to IT teams as well as executive management.

OIT also re-architected applications to operate more effectively in the cloud, and it rolled out design-cost principles and policies. Those policies are enforced by Robotic Cloud Automation (RCA), a library of serverless cloud automation solutions developed by Simple Technology Solutions (STS) that leverages Amazon Web Services (AWS) native tagging capabilities and Lambda scripts. The library is a one-time cost to USCIS, rather than a recurring expense.

RCA automatically identifies cloud sprawl using those tags and governance-as-code, and, in contrast to other solutions, then remediates cloud instances, environments, and resources that are over-provisioned, over-scheduled, or not compliant with the agencys usage standards. Remediation actions include moving to reserved instances, autoscaling to accommodate spikes in demand, and more.

USCISs design-cost principles and policies are manifested in the Lambda scripts, noted Aaron Kilinski, principal and chief technologist at STS. Not only do the scripts ensure good cloud hygiene across the enterprise, but they also enable USCIS to take advantage of the operational agility and economic advantages of AWSs consumption-based model.

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USCIS Gets a Grip on Cloud Costs With Robotics Cloud Automation - MeriTalk

Microsoft gets new Street-high price target from Citi. Why one trader says ‘its a staple within your portfolio’ – CNBC

Microsoft stock jumped to an all-time high after Citi bestowed it a Street-high price target of $378 per share. The firm called the tech titan the "best" in megacap software ahead of its earnings report next week.

"It's a staple within your portfolio, and you need to have it," Blue Line Capital founder and President Bill Baruch said Thursday on CNBC's "Trading Nation."

"At the end of the day, it's a stock that continues to have a different story that powers it to a new level," he added, pointing to the company's recent information technology spending and other fundamental characteristics.

Baruch also called attention to Microsoft's history of reporting strong earnings, highlighting its "earnings growth at a 40% clip for the last several years, year over year."

"I think the very strong balance sheet is something to lean on as well," he added.

Furthermore, "the technical landscape within this stock has been tremendous," Baruch said, zooming into the chart.

"The pullbacks have hit support perfectly. The breakouts have been textbook breakouts," he said, pointing to the stock's recent breakout from a wedge pattern, which has been strongly trending since the beginning of July.

Not only did the stock break out, but so did its average directional index, signaling that the stock is trending higher, Baruch said.

"If this thing stays above 275, there's no question about it, you got to be long," Baruch said.

Microsoft shares closed up nearly 2% to a record $286.14 on Thursday. It was climbing higher in Friday's premarket.

In the same interview, Chantico Global founder and CEO Gina Sanchez also gave a bullish take on the company.

"Microsoft has a lot of tailwinds," she said, highlighting the company's strong cloud computing business.

Sanchez pointed out that although its cloud business had been doing well pre-Covid, the pandemic actually supercharged its growth.

This is good for Microsoft as "about a third of their revenues are coming out of the cloud business," she said. "Another third is coming from gaming as well, which has also done really well."

On top of this, she expected the tech titan to benefit from the post-pandemic workplace due to increased demand for the company's products.

"The outlook for the hybrid work environment, continued focus on business continuity all of those feed into Microsoft's core business," she said.

"We think the name had a lot more to go before the pandemic," she said. "Coming out, it's going to be even stronger, so we think that this is a long-term hold."

Microsoft is scheduled to report earnings on July 27.

Disclosure: Gina Sanchez owns Microsoft shares personally, and Lido Advisors owns Microsoft in its client equity strategies. Bill Baruch also owns Microsoft.


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Microsoft gets new Street-high price target from Citi. Why one trader says 'its a staple within your portfolio' - CNBC

Another Cloud Deal: Zoom Announces the Acquisition of Five9 – Markets Insider

What Happened? On Sunday, July 18, 2021, Zoom Video Communications, Inc., announced its intent to acquire Five9, Inc.1 Both of these cloud computing stocks are currently held in the WisdomTree Cloud Computing Fund, and this deal marks a continuation of M&A activity in the cloud industry.

Whats the Deal? Its an all-stock transaction worth $14.7 billion in which Five9 shareholders will receive 0.5533 shares of Zoom for each share of Five9 owned. The implied deal price per share is $200.28, representing a 13% premium relative to Five9s closing price on Friday, July 16, of $177.60. The premium is on the lower end of cloud acquisition premiums, which weve been tracking, and which we wrote about following WCLDs rebalance in February.

Whats the Motive? Most people are more familiar with Zoom than they are with Five9. During the COVID-19 pandemic, Zoom became a household name as its videoconferencing platform became one of the default options to connect face-to-face with friends, family, colleagues and clients.

Zooms growth strategy is to provide a platform for Unified Communications as a Service (UCaaS). In addition to the video platform Zoom Meetings, the company also offers Zoom Phone. Zoom Phone is a private branch exchange (PBX), which serves as an internal telephone network for enterprisesits what allows organizations to have a single phone number with a multitude of extensions to private lines instead of needing to maintain and pay for multiple phone lines. On top of this basic functionality, most PBX systems also offer a wide range of other advanced features.

Zooms enterprise cloud phone system is different from an on-premise PBX system. An on-premise solution requires equipment and hardware to be installed and run on-site where the enterprise is located, but Zooms cloud-based system is managed off-site over the Internet.

Similarly, Five9 offers an entirely cloud-based customer service contact center system. Its software solution enables organizations to engage with customers through both voice and digital channels and serves as a replacement for legacy on-premise PBX phone systemsthe typical push 1 for this, push 2 for that when you call a companys customer service line.

Acquiring Five9 allows Zoom to strengthen the Zoom Phone offering by deepening its capabilities and the relationship that Zoom has with its enterprise clients. One unique synergy this acquisition creates is within the informational technology (IT) help desk arena. An enterprise using the combined Zoom and Five9 platform can troubleshoot clients IT problems using screen sharing and screen control, rather than providing voice directions over the phone.

Jeremy Schwartz, WisdomTrees Global Head of Research, recently hosted Five9s Chief Executive Officer, Rowan Trollope, on his Behind the Markets podcast. Trollope spoke at length about the growth opportunity created for Five9 as enterprises steadily transition from legacy PBX customer service systems to their cloud-based solution. The full conversation can be accessed below, and it is particularly interesting to relisten to after this deal announcement!

1As of 7/16/21, WCLD held 1.6% and 1.8% of its weight in Zoom Video Communications and Five9, respectively.

Important Risks Related to this Article

There are risks associated with investing, including possible loss of principal.The Fund invests in cloud computing companies, which are heavily dependent on the Internet and utilizing a distributed network of servers over the Internet. Cloud computing companies may have limited product lines, markets, financial resources or personnel and are subject to the risks of changes in business cycles, world economic growth, technological progress and government regulation. These companies typically face intense competition and potentially rapid product obsolescence. Additionally, many cloud computing companies store sensitive consumer information and could be the target of cybersecurity attacks and other types of theft, which could have a negative impact on these companies and the Fund. Securities of cloud computing companies tend to be more volatile than securities of companies that rely less heavily on technology and, specifically, on the Internet. Cloud computing companies can typically engage in significant amounts of spending on research and development, and rapid changes to the field could have a material adverse effect on a companys operating results. The composition of the Index is heavily dependent on quantitative and qualitative information and data from one or more third parties, and the Index may not perform as intended.Please read the Funds prospectus for specific details regarding the Funds risk profile.

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Design Insights: The Connected Design Process; Clear, and Still in the Cloud – Machine Design

The Connected Design Process

Cloud-based product development solutions are redefining how innovative firms design, develop and bring to market new products. Cloud-based product development lets users focus on iterating and creating the best possible design.

On July 29 at 2 p.m. Eastern time, Machine Design and Onshape will present a webinar entitled The Connected Design Process: Using Data to Drive Product Development. The webinar will look at how cloud-based product development empowers designers and engineers to innovate while optimizing the product development process and ensuring data accountability and security.

Register for this event here.

While the issues of cybersecurity remain at the forefront of the cloud computing discussion, managing those issues is a better alternative than leaving the cloud out of your system process, according to a new Machine Design article.

Cloud computing is gaining traction quickly because it eliminates many of the barriers encountered when taking an idea from concept to product. In the past, the projected cost of computing hardware and network hardware, and the associated configuration labor and continuous maintenance, doomed many projects before they even got off the ground, writes Damon Purvis of AutomationDirect. Integrating cloud computing with industrial automation creates some immediate concerns, while at the same time providing opportunities. Users are rightly worried about maintaining secure connectivity and reliable data handling. These challenges must be met head-on to realize the scalability benefits and fleet-wide advantages of using cloud computing.

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Design Insights: The Connected Design Process; Clear, and Still in the Cloud - Machine Design

Amazon is hiring a digital currency and blockchain expert, signaling a growing interest in cryptocurrency – CNBC

Andy Jassy, CEO Amazon Web Services, speaks at the WSJD Live conference in Laguna Beach, California, October 25, 2016.

Mike Blake | Reuters

Amazon is looking to add a digital currency and blockchain expert to its payments team, suggesting the company could be taking a more serious look at cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin.

According to a recent job posting, Amazon's payments acceptance and experience team is seeking to hire an "experienced product leader to develop Amazon's Digital Currency and Blockchain strategy and product roadmap."

"You will leverage your domain expertise in Blockchain, Distributed Ledger, Central Bank Digital Currencies and Cryptocurrency to develop the case for the capabilities which should be developed, drive overall vision and product strategy, and gain leadership buy-in and investment for new capabilities," according to the job posting, which was previously reported by Insider.

Amazon confirmed the job posting.

An Amazon spokesperson said in a statement: "We're inspired by the innovation happening in the cryptocurrency space and are exploring what this could look like on Amazon. We believe the future will be built on new technologies that enable modern, fast, and inexpensive payments, and hope to bring that future to Amazon customers as soon as possible."

The company's cloud-computing unit, Amazon Web Services, offers a service called managed blockchain. But Amazon doesn't accept any cryptocurrencies as payment for its products. Amazon CEO Andy Jassy (then CEO of AWS) said in 2017 that the company wasn't particularly focused on blockchain technology, though he acknowledged Amazon was "watching it carefully."

Digital currencies like bitcoin have grown in popularity in recent years, leading to more institutional adoption. Technology companies have also warmed up to cryptocurrency, including Facebook, which has backed a digital currency project called Diem. In May, Apple said it was looking to hire a lead negotiator to strike partnerships with "alternative payments" partners, listing cryptocurrency as one area of potential job expertise.

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Cloud GIS Market growth analysis in Systems Software Industry | Discover Company Insights in Technavio – PRNewswire

The market is fragmented, and the degree of fragmentationwill accelerateduring the forecast period. AmigoCloud Inc., Blue Marble Geographics, Caliper Corp., Computer Aided Development Corp. Ltd., Environmental Systems Research Institute Inc., GIS Cloud Ltd., HERE Global BV, Hexagon AB, Mapbox Inc., and Pitney Bowes Inc. are some of the major market participants. Although the rising popularity of cloud GIS due to ease in data accessibility and the easy distribution of data will offer immense growth opportunities, to leverage the current opportunities, market vendors must strengthen their foothold in the fast-growing segments, while maintaining their positions in the slow-growing segments.

Cloud GIS Market 2021-2025: Segmentation

Cloud GIS Market is segmented as below:

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Cloud GIS Market 2021-2025: Vendor Analysis and Scope

Some of the major vendors of the cloud GIS market in the systems software industry include AmigoCloud Inc., Blue Marble Geographics, Caliper Corp., Computer Aided Development Corp. Ltd., Environmental Systems Research Institute Inc., GIS Cloud Ltd., HERE Global BV, Hexagon AB, Mapbox Inc., and Pitney Bowes Inc.To help businesses improve their market position, Technavio's report provides a detailed analysis of around 25 vendors operating in the market. To leverage the current opportunities, market vendors must strengthen their foothold in the fast-growing segments, while maintaining their positions in the slow-growing segments.

The report also covers the following areas:

Market trends such as the growing requirement of real-time data capture is likely to emerge as one of the primary drivers of the market. However, the threat of security may threaten the growth of the market.

Register for a free trial today and gain instant access to 17,000+ market research reports.Technavio's SUBSCRIPTION platform

Backed with competitive intelligence and benchmarking, our research report on the cloud GIS market is designed to provide entry support, customer profile & M&As as well as go-to-market strategy support.

Related Reports onInformation TechnologyInclude:GlobalCloud Computing Market- Global cloud computing market is segmented byservice (SaaS, IaaS, and PaaS) and geography (North America, Europe, APAC, South America, and MEA).Download Exclusive Free Sample Report

GlobalCloud DVR Market- Global cloud DVR market is segmented byplatform (hybrid, IPTV, and satellite), chipset (HEVC, MPEG-4, and others), and geography (North America, Europe, APAC, South America, and MEA).Download Exclusive Free Sample Report

Cloud GIS Market 2021-2025: Key Highlights

Table of Contents:

Executive Summary

Market Landscape

Market Sizing

Five Forces Analysis

Market Segmentation by End-user

Customer landscape

Geographic Landscape

Vendor Landscape

Vendor Analysis


About Us

Technavio is a leading global technology research and advisory company. Their research and analysis focus on emerging market trends and provides actionable insights to help businesses identify market opportunities and develop effective strategies to optimize their market positions. With over 500 specialized analysts, Technavio's report library consists of more than 17,000 reports and counting, covering 800 technologies, spanning across 50 countries. Their client base consists of enterprises of all sizes, including more than 100 Fortune 500 companies. This growing client base relies on Technavio's comprehensive coverage, extensive research, and actionable market insights to identify opportunities in existing and potential markets and assess their competitive positions within changing market scenarios.


Technavio ResearchJesse MaidaMedia & Marketing ExecutiveUS: +1 844 364 1100UK: +44 203 893 3200Email: [emailprotected]Website:

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Google Cloud goes head-to-head with AWS with tool to standardize health data – MedCity News

As they compete over their cloud services for healthcare, Google and Amazon are both touting a feature to help health systems and biotech companies aggregate disparate data.

On Thursday, Google announced it had developed a Healthcare Data Engine to help healthcare companies aggregate data from medical records, claims, clinical trials and research. By bringing this information together in a standardized format, it would be easier for healthcare companies to run analytics on this data and develop machine learning tools.

The Healthcare Data Engine stores patient data in a FHIR format, a standard backed by interoperability rules. Google developed it based on its work with Mayo Clinic, which struck a 10-year partnership with Google earlier this year in hopes of creating an AI factory.

Jim Buntrock, Mayo Clinics vice chair of information technology, said in a news release that the health system used Googles cloud services to build a heads up display for the ICU and help care teams focus their attention where its needed most. Indiana University Health is also using Googles Healthcare Data Engine.

Marianne Slight, a product manager with Google Cloud, said in a press call that some of its customers use cases include decentralized clinical trials, health equity screenings, and population health efforts that bring in data from wearables and other sources.

Months earlier, Amazon had announced a similar feature, called Amazon HealthLake. Just days before Googles announcement, the company said it would make the service generally available, noting it had brought on Rush University Medical Center and Cortica as users.

Meanwhile, Googles Healthcare Data Engine feature is available through private preview, which means its ready for testing by customers, but not yet supported. Google didnt share a timeline for when it would become more widely available.

Photo credit: shylendrahoode, Getty Images

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Google Cloud goes head-to-head with AWS with tool to standardize health data - MedCity News

What Data Governance Means to Cloud Computing (And Vice Versa) – insideBIGDATA

The symbiosis between data governance and cloud computing is apparent to any organization with significant cloud investments. The cloud has a plethora of resources that enhance data governance, which is critical for regulatory compliance, risk mitigation, and long term profitability of data assets.

Simultaneously, however, data governance hallmarks of metadata management, data cataloging, and data stewardship are requisite for maximizing the clouds utility by illustrating where data are and employing them for singular use cases like customer 360s, real-time product or service recommendations, and advanced analytics.

Although its difficult to say which of these capabilities is more advantageous to the enterprise, they clearly complement each other.

For data governance, the clouds chief value proposition is that from a standpoint of connectivity, or data integration, or data quality, or cataloging, everythings included so you have an all-in-one solution thats possible because were in a microservices world where you can deploy efficiently and have things kind of seamlessly interoperable, Informatica MDM General Manager Manouj Tahiliani revealed.

The cloud is also a significant contributor to dispersing resources across locations which, if left unchecked, could easily result in silos and ungoverned use. According to Profisee CTO Eric Melcher, the cloud creates the much more distributed enterprise where youve got lots of applications: our HR applications, CRM applications, ERP applications, our customer experience platform. Weve got applications across the line. And by the way, the datas not in that server in the corner, its now all over the place. So, I need governance to understand where everything is.

Data governance is essential for keeping cloud deployments orderly, while the cloud enriches the very means of effecting governance by allowing organizations to position resources wherever theyre most advantageous for modern computingparticularly when supported by governance staples of metadata management, data cataloguing, data modeling, and data stewardship.

Metadata Intelligence

Metadata is utilitarian for governing data in cloud settings. Its particularly beneficial for assembling data across numerous sources to use in a single domain such as customer, product, supply chain information, and more. Tahiliani referred to the notion of metadata intelligence as foundational to implementing data quality and data integration. Coupling metadata intelligence with Master Data Management exploits the sundry of cloud sources by enabling organizations to govern how they get data from different sources, curate it, and share it across the enterprise, Tahiliani observed.

Metadata plays a couple different roles in this basic functionality. Its the key to connecting data to various downstream systems through MDMs logical model. Firms can also use the power of metadata to help them discover elements that need to be mastered, rapidly provide integration between the system using that metadata knowledge and share that data, as well as use metadata to use machine learning capabilities around matching and data quality rules, Tahiliani commented. These capabilities are instrumental for combining sources for customer insight, for example, in a well governed fashion.

Data Cataloging

Metadata also helps the data cataloging process Tahiliani described, which identifies what data are where in cloud settings. In fact, there are several cloud tools that reinforce this aspect of data governance by empowering organizations so the first thing they do is catalog what they have, Melcher noted. Now that weve cataloged it, lets start classifying and understanding what it is and figuring out whats sensitive and who knows about the data here and there. Once data are classified, its relatively straightforward to tag them and ascribe ownership to them, which provides the framework for suitably governing data across any variety of cloud sources.

Credible catalogs can point at sources to provide this functionality or allow sources to input their metadata for cataloging purposes. The latter is particularly effectual with MDM because it lets organizations push the logical definitions of Master Dataand register assets to what the end user would actually expect, Melcher mentioned. The benefit of this approach is data already adheres to MDM conventions of data quality, definitions, and other aspects of its logical model, which aids in creating catalogs and classifications that enhance enterprise use caseswhile ensuring those use cases are well governed.

Data Modeling

MDM is also useful for unifying the different data models that abound throughout cloud sources so organizations can combine them for analytics, for example. Data modeling is a pivotal aspect of data governance that can be particularly time consuming (delaying time to value) with traditional methods. MDM, however, lets organizations create models for products or any other domain partly by using data discovery mechanisms. As youre creating the models and what attributes you need to have, the discovery aspect allows you to understand across the source systems for those different entities whats the metadata thats being held, Tahiliani explained. That provides information about how often its used and updated to really determine if that should be an attribute within your master data model.

The most expressive data models unify terminology and include specific vocabularies to describe customers or supply chain needs, for instance. The metadata intelligence Tahiliani alluded to assists this facet of data modeling while allowing organizations to redress disparities in how entities are represented when you know which source systems the metadata youre pulling in is from, and what the vocabulary is across those source systems, Tahiliani added.

Data Stewardship

All of the above dimensions of data governancemetadata intelligence, data cataloging, and data modelingare invaluable to data stewards attempting to ensure governance standards are met across the enterprise in heterogeneous cloud, edge, and on-premise applications. The enhanced data modeling traits pertaining to definitions and attributes that are found in MDM (including information from data cataloging tools) are critical to data stewards validating data governance protocols.

For example, if a steward needs at-a-glance information about the data model for a customer entity, hell see this is a description of a customer associated with this glossary term called business partner or whatever the case may be, and Bob in Sales is an expert on what customer is, Melcher indicated. With this approach MDM participates in governance by pushingmetadata into a catalog, but then, as governance occurs, the output of governance is then available for end users to consume back in [MDM], Melcher concluded.

Master Data Governance

Data governance is indispensable for making good on the clouds premise of real-time access to a distributed data landscape with elastic scalability in a pay-per-use pricing model. Additionally, the cloud contains many toolssuch as cloud native MDM solutions, data cataloging instruments, and othersthat streamline governance capabilities to decrease datas risk while boosting its enterprise value over the long term.

MDM sits between each of these constructs as a viable means of balancing the usefulness of one with the other. You shouldnt do governance in MDM, Melcher cautioned. You should do governance and MDM. You should be governing across more than just your Master Data Management platform.

About the Author

Jelani Harper is an editorial consultant servicing the information technology market. He specializes in data-driven applications focused on semantic technologies, data governance and analytics.

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What Data Governance Means to Cloud Computing (And Vice Versa) - insideBIGDATA