Category Archives: Quantum Computer
For one thing, China is so inferior to the United States in nuclear weaponry that any confrontation is much more likely to occur in cyberspace, or in space itself, than with intercontinental ballistic missiles. The Peoples Republic does not have the same approach to global expansionism as the Soviet Union either. Chinese money goes into infrastructure projects and politicians pockets, not foreign guerrilla movements. The One Belt, One Road initiative Chinese President Xi Jinpings signature overseas investment program does not aim for world revolution.
If Cold War II confines itself to an economic and technological competition between two systems one democratic, the other not its benefits could very well outweigh its costs. After all, the economic spinoff from research and development operations associated with the original Cold War were part of the reason American growth was so strong in the 1950s and 1960s.
Back then, there was also a political benefit. Once the spasm of McCarthyism had passed, as Americans came to a consensus that they all faced a common foe, domestic divisions decreased notably. It is telling that one of the biggest sources of political and social strife in the Cold War era was a war against communism that the United States failed to win against Vietnam.
If Americans are now waking up to a new external enemy, might it not reduce the notorious internal polarization of recent times, which we can see in the decline of bipartisanship in Congress as well as in the vehemence of discourse on social media? It is possible.
Maybe the notion of an external enemy could persuade politicians in the United States to devote serious resources to the development of new technologies, such as quantum computing. Evidence of Chinese espionage and influence operations in American academia and Silicon Valley is already pushing the government to reprioritize national security in research and development. It would be nothing short of disastrous if China won the race for quantum supremacy, which could render all conventional computer encryption obsolete.
The one big risk with Cold War II would be to assume confidently that the United States is bound to win it. That is a misreading of both the first Cold War and the present situation. In 1969, an American victory over the communist enemy seemed far from inevitable. Nor was it a foregone conclusion that the eventual collapse of the Soviet Union would be so free of bloodshed.
Moreover, China today poses a bigger economic challenge than the Soviet Union ever did. Historical estimates of gross domestic product show that at no point during the Cold War was the Soviet economy larger than 44 percent of the economy of the United States. China has already surpassed America by at least one measure since 2014: G.D.P. based on purchasing power parity, which adjusts for the fact that the cost of living is lower in China. The Soviet Union could never draw on the resources of a dynamic private sector. China can. In some markets notably financial technology China is already ahead of the United States.
Quantum Computing in recent times has sparkled the discussion around its adoption by companies and even countries. The hype around this, significantly, increased as search engine Google recently announced that it had achieved quantum supremacy. The discussion around quantum computing is also on the rise because countries interest in this has grown considerably. China and the United States vie on many fronts, but in the quantum world, China seems to exceed the US as its investment that consists of quantum computing also includes quantum information systems.
Todays quantum supremacy race delineates the day when quantum computers will be working in the field of medical, automotive, finance, among others in order to solve the knotty problems that classical computers are unable to do. Every time, in the quantum world, a quantum bit (qubit) is added, and the amount of information is doubled.
Googles quantum computer, that has 53 functioning qubits, has proven to be significantly faster than the most powerful classical computer in the world owned by IBM. As per the report, Googles quantum computing system, named Sycamore, was able to solve an intricate problem in 200 seconds. Conversely, it claimed the same issue which otherwise would require conventional computers to solve a span of about 10, 000 years.
Quantum supremacy, that companies and countries are competing for, refers to the point at which a quantum computer can make calculations beyond the most powerful classical computer conceivable. For the last few years, several countries have been pouring massive capital in this space that might be of particular interest.
Two years ago, in 2017, China announced to open a 92-acre National Laboratory for Quantum Information Sciences that is set to become reality by 2020. For this research center, the country sanctioned US$10 billion.
In the same year, a joint, state-sponsored research project with Japans National Institute of Informatics and the University of Tokyo produced the machine, Nippon Telegraph and Telephone (NTT), shared a prototype quantum computer for public use over the internet. On the other hand, in 2017, Sweden invested 1 billion Swedish Krona (nearly US$118 million) into a research initiative with the purpose to build a robust quantum computer.
However, reports claim that the United States has not invested enough in quantum computing. But over the summer, academia and industry showed effort before the U.S. House Subcommittees on Research & Technology and Energy to upsurge investment into it. According to Dr. Christopher Monroe, Quantum Physics professor, U.S. leadership in quantum technology will be critical to the national security and will open new doors for private industry and academia while ensuring Americas role as a global technology leader in the 21st century.
Moreover, two federal initiatives are underway to streamline and coordinate private and public research in quantum computing and other quantum-related projects. The first one is the National Quantum Initiative Act, a law that passed last year and the other one is a White Paper spelling out a national strategy to make sure America maintains supremacy in the technology over its counterparts, particularly China.
A pair of physicists from Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (IKBFU) in Russia recently proposed an entirely new view of the cosmos. Their research takes the wacky idea that were living in a computer simulation and mashes it up with the mind-boggling many worlds theory to say that, essentially, our entire universe is part of an immeasurably large quantum system spanning uncountable multiverses.
When you think about quantum systems, like IBM and Googles quantum computers, we usually imagine a device thats designed to work with subatomic particles qubits to perform quantum calculations.
These computers may one day perform advanced calculations that classical computers today cant, but for now theyre useful as a way to research the gap between classical and quantum reality.
Artyam Yurov and Valerian Yurov, the IKBFU researchers behind the aforementioned study, posit that everything in the universe, including the universe itself, should be viewed as a quantum object. This means, to experience quantum reality we dont need to look at subatomic particles or qubits: were already there. Everything is quantum!
Yurov and Yurov begin their paper by stating theyve turned currently popular theoretical physics views on their head:
We present a new outlook on the cosmology, based on the quantum model proposed by Michael and Hall. In continuation of the idea of that model we consider finitely many classical homogeneous and isotropic universes whose evolutions are determined by the standard EinsteinFriedmann equations but that also interact with each other quantum-mechanically.
The paper goes on to mathematically describe how our entire universe is, itself, a quantum object. This means, like a tiny subatomic particle, it exhibits quantum properties that should include superposition. Theoretically, our universe should be able to be in more than one place or state at a time, and that means there simply must be something out there for it to interact with even if that means it uses jaw-droppingly unintuitive quantum mechanics to interact with itself in multiple states simultaneously.
The problem with expanding quantum mechanics to large objects like say, a single cell is that other theoretical quantum features stop making as much sense. In this case decoherence, or how quantum objects collapse from multiple states into the physical state we see in our classical observations, doesnt seem to pass muster at the cosmic scale.
Yurov and Yurov have a simple solution for that: They state unequivocally in their work that There is no such thing as decoherence.
According to an article from Sci-Tech Daily, lead author on the paper Artyom Yurov said:
Back in the days I was skeptical about the idea. Because it is known that the bigger an object is the faster it collapses. Even a bacteria collapses extremely fast, and here we are talking about the Universe. But here [Pedro Gonzales Diaz, a late theoretical physician whose work partially inspired this study] asked me: What the Universe interacts with? and I answered nothing. There is nothing but the Universe and there is nothing it can interact with.
But, the more Yurov and Yurov explored the many interacting worlds (MIW) theory that says all quantum functions manifest physically in alternate realities(the cat is dead on one world, alive on another, and dancing the Cha Cha on another, etc.), the more they realized it not only makes sense, but the math and science seem to work out better if you assume everything, the universe included, has quantum features.
Per the study:
This implies that the reason the quantum phenomena are so fragile has nothing to do with a collapse of a wave function (whatever that means) in fact, such an object as a wave function is inessential and can be completely avoided in the MIW formalism. No, the existence of quantum phenomena relies solely on the mutual positions of the neighbouring worlds when they are sufficiently close, the quantum potential is alive and kicking; when they depart, the quantum potential abates and the particles become effectively classical again.
The researchers then used their assumptions to come up with calculations that expand the many worlds theory to encompass multiple universes, or multiverses. The big idea here is that, if the universe is a quantum object it must interact with something and that something is probably other universes.
But what the research doesnt explain, is why our universe and everything in it would exist as something analogous to a single qubit in a gigantic quantum computer spanning multiple universes simultaneously. If humans arent the magical observers who cause the quantum universe to collapse into classical reality by measuring it, we might instead be cogs in the machine maybe the universe is a qubit, maybe were the qubits. Perhaps were just noise that the universes ignore while they go about their calculations.
Maybe we do live in a computer simulation after all. But instead of being some advanced creatures favorite NPCs, were just bits of math that help the operating system run.
You can read the Yurov duos paper The day the universes interacted: quantum cosmology without a wave function here on Springer.
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Study: Our universe may be part of a giant quantum computer - The Next Web
Riverlane is inviting submissions for contributed talks at next years inaugural Quantum Computing Theory in Practice (QCTIP) conference 2020 which will take place in Cambridge.
Talks will be selected on the basis of scientific excellence and workshop-friendliness. Topics will include applications and architectures of quantum computers; quantum algorithms; quantum compilation and circuit optimisation; quantum error correction and fault tolerance; simulation of quantum systems; theory of near-term quantum computing; and verification of quantum devices.
QCTIP has emerged from a series of Heilbronn quantum algorithms meetings hosted in Bristol and Cambridge since 2010.
Themes to be explored at the event on April 6-8 at the Centre for Mathematical Sciences start with the theory of the whole quantum software stack, seconded by practical aspects of running experiments on current and NISQ devices, and thirdly scaling up to more and higher-quality qubits.
The programme committee includes Srinivasan Arunachalam of MIT/IBM Research and chair Iordanis Kerenidis, CNRS senior researcher/QCWare. Speakers from IBM Research, Google and Oxford University have been invited.
All submissions for talks must be made online through the EasyChair submission system.
Riverlane is based at St Andrews House in the centre of town and is run by Dr Steve Brierley, has spent 10 years researching algorithms and architectures for quantum computers, most recently as a senior research fellow in applied mathematics at the University of Cambridge. The company writes software for quantum computers, with the software being run on a quantum computer based at Oxford Quantum Circuits.
Theres only 50 quantum computers currently around, and its likely to remain a limited number, says Dr Brierley. Quantum computers are very good at certain things: you wont see one on your phone any time soon, though it might be used to make the chips on the phone run faster.
It costs several million pounds to buy the components to build a quantum computer and you have to get the staff theres very few people who know how to build one. We work with companies that already use computational modelling in design, for instance Merck, which has a performance materials division which includes everything from lip gloss to organic LEDs in a TV.
Dr Brierleys expertise was recently called upon by the Guardian to solve a bit of a spat between Google and IBM. Google announced its Sycamore quantum processor had performed a specific task in 200 seconds that would take the worlds best supercomputer 10,000 years to complete, meaning it had achieved quantum supremacy by exceeding the potential of traditional devices. But in a blog post IBM researchers said the result should be treated with a large dose of scepticism due to the complicated nature of benchmarking an appropriate metric.
Dr Brierley told the Guardian: Its clearly an amazing achievement. I think this is going to be one of those moments when people look back and say, That was the time that really changed this field of quantum computing. It is also a great moment in time to stop talking about quantum supremacy, which has unfortunate historical connotations, and move on to talking about quantum advantage, which has a useful application.
Quantum computing is so new there isnt a standard operating system so Riverlane is writing one.
Its quite difficult because if you write software for one quantum computer it wont work on any other so were currently developing an operating system, which we expect to be complete within 18 months as an initial product, Dr Brierley told the Cambridge Independent. The challenge in the sector is what is the best way to build a quantum computer and this operating system will remove the uncertainty.
World High Performance Computing (HPC) Market Oulook Report, 2019-2024 – HPC Will Be Integral to Combined Classical & Quantum Computing Hybrid…
DUBLIN, Nov. 28, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- The "High Performance Computing (HPC) Market by Component, Infrastructure, Services, Price Band, HPC Applications, Deployment Type, and Region 2019-2024" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering.
This report evaluates the HPC market including companies, solutions, use cases, and applications. Analysis includes HPC by organizational size, software and system type, server type and price band, and industry verticals. The report also assesses the market for integration of various artificial intelligence technologies in HPC.
It also evaluates the exascale-level HPC market including analysis by component, hardware type, service type, and industry vertical. The report provides HPC market sizing by component, hardware type, service type, and industry vertical from 2019 to 2024.
High Performance Computing (HPC) refers to high speed computation, which may be provided via a supercomputer or via parallel processing techniques such as leveraging clusters of computers to aggregate computing power. HPC is well-suited for applications that require high performance data computation and analysis such as high frequency trading, autonomous vehicles, genomics-based personalized medicine, computer-aided design, deep learning, and more. Specific examples include computational fluid dynamics, simulation, modeling, and seismic tomography.
No longer solely the realm of supercomputers, HPC is increasingly provided via cluster computing. By way of example, Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) provides a computational clustering solution in conjunction with Intel that represents HPC Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS). This particular HPC IaaS offering environment provides customized tenant clusters tailored to client and application requirements. Key to this particular solution is the intelligent use of APIs, which enable a high degree of flexibility and what HPE refers to as Dynamic Fabric Configuration.
HPC capabilities are often used to solve very specific problems for large institutions. Examples include financial services organizations, government R&D facilities, universities research, etc. However, the cloud-computing based as a Service model allows HPC capabilities to be extended via HPC-as-a-Service (HPCaaS) to a much wider range of industry verticals and companies, thereby providing computational services to solve a much broader array of problems. Industry use cases are increasingly emerging that benefit from HPC-level computing, many of which benefit from split processing between localized device/platform and HPCaaS.
Today, HPC is universally associated with classical computing. While quantum computing does not utilize a faster clock-speed than classical computing, it is much faster than traditional computing infrastructure for solving certain problems as quantum computers can handle exponentially larger data sets. Accordingly, quantum computing is well-positioned to support certain industry verticals and solve certain problems such as cybersecurity and cryptocurrencies that rely upon prime factoring. Current classical computing technologies would take an inordinate amount of time to break-down prime factors to support cryptology and blockchain technology.
Due to the limitations of quantum computing, and the evolution of HPC, we see a future in which hybrid systems utilize both quantum and classical CPUs on the same computing platform. These next generation computing systems will provide the best of both worlds - high speed general purpose computing combined with use case specific ultra-performance for certain tasks that will remain outside the range of binary computation for the foreseeable future. Mind Commerce sees a future of quantum and classical CPUs on the same computing platform, which will lead to a combined general purpose and use case specific computation solution that will solve many industry problems in a more scalable and economic manner.
Key Topics Covered
1 Executive Summary
2 Introduction2.1 Next Generation Computing2.2 High Performance Computing2.2.1 HPC Technology220.127.116.11 Supercomputers18.104.22.168 Computer Clustering2.2.2 Exascale Computation22.214.171.124 United States126.96.36.199 China188.8.131.52 Europe184.108.40.206 Japan220.127.116.11 India18.104.22.168 Taiwan2.2.3 High Performance Technical Computing2.2.4 Market Segmentation Considerations2.2.5 Use Cases and Application Areas22.214.171.124 Computer Aided Engineering126.96.36.199 Government188.8.131.52 Financial Services184.108.40.206 Education and Research220.127.116.11 Manufacturing18.104.22.168 Media and Entertainment22.214.171.124 Electronic Design Automation126.96.36.199 Bio-Sciences and Healthcare188.8.131.52 Energy Management and Utilities184.108.40.206 Earth Science2.2.6 Regulatory Framework2.2.7 Value Chain Analysis2.2.8 AI to Drive HPC Performance and Adoption
3 High Performance Computing Market Analysis and Forecast3.1 Global High Performance Computing Market 2019 - 20243.1.1 Total High Performance Computing Market3.1.2 High Performance Computing Market by Component220.127.116.11 High Performance Computing Market by Hardware and Infrastructure Type18.104.22.168.1 High Performance Computing Market by Server Type22.214.171.124 High Performance Computing Market by Software and System Type126.96.36.199 High Performance Computing Market by Professional Service Type3.1.3 High Performance Computing Market by Deployment Type3.1.4 High Performance Computing Market by Organization Size3.1.5 High Performance Computing Market by Server Price Band3.1.6 High Performance Computing Market by Application Type188.8.131.52 High Performance Technical Computing Market by Industry Vertical184.108.40.206 Critical High Performance Business Computing Market by Industry Vertical3.1.1 High Performance Computing Deployment Options: Supercomputer vs. Clustering3.1.2 High Performance Computing as a Service (HPCaaS)3.1.3 AI Powered High Performance Computing Market220.127.116.11 AI Powered High Performance Computing Market by Component18.104.22.168 AI Powered High Performance Computing Market by AI Technology3.2 Regional High Performance Computing Market 2019 - 20243.3 Exascale Computing Market3.3.1 Exascale Computing Driven HPC Market by Component3.3.2 Exascale Computing Driven HPC Market by Hardware Type3.3.3 Exascale Computing Driven HPC Market by Service Type3.3.4 Exascale Computing Driven HPC Market by Industry Vertical3.3.1 Exascale Computing as a Service
4 High Performance Computing Company Analysis4.1 HPC Vendor Ecosystem4.2 Leading HPC Companies4.2.1 Amazon Web Services Inc. 4.2.2 Atos SE 4.2.3 Advanced Micro Devices Inc. 4.2.4 Cisco Systems 4.2.5 DELL Technologies Inc. 4.2.6 Fujitsu Ltd 4.2.7 Hewlett Packard Enterprise 4.2.8 IBM Corporation 4.2.9 Intel Corporation 4.2.10 Microsoft Corporation 4.2.11 NEC Corporation 4.2.12 NVIDIA 4.2.13 Rackspace Inc.
5 Conclusions and Recommendations
6 Appendix: Future of Computing6.1 Quantum Computing6.1.1 Quantum Computing Technology6.1.2 Quantum Computing Considerations6.1.3 Market Challenges and Opportunities6.1.4 Recent Developments6.1.5 Quantum Computing Value Chain6.1.6 Quantum Computing Applications6.1.7 Competitive Landscape6.1.8 Government Investment in Quantum Computing6.1.9 Quantum Computing Stakeholders by Country6.1 Other Future Computing Technologies6.1.1 Swarm Computing6.1.2 Neuromorphic Computing6.1.3 Biocomputing6.2 Market Drivers for Future Computing Technologies6.2.1 Efficient Computation and High Speed Storage6.2.2 Government and Private Initiatives6.2.3 Flexible Computing6.2.4 AI enabled, High Performance Embedded Devices, Chipsets, and ICs6.2.5 Cost Effective Computing powered by Pay-as-you-go Model6.3 Future Computing Market Challenges6.3.1 Data Security Concerns in Virtualized and Distributed Cloud6.3.2 Funding Constrains R&D Activities6.3.3 Lack of Skilled Professionals across the Sector6.3.4 Absence of Uniformity among NGC Branches including Data Format
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Communique Laboratory Inc. launched its quantum hackathon tackling the threat of quantum computing. Cybersecurity companies, computer science students and hackers have begun challenging the Companys quantum-safe encryption in a $100,000 hackathon.
The Company hosted an innovation celebration event with technology presentations from industry experts in artificial intelligence and cybersecurity. Andrew Cheung, 01 Communiques CEO, was one of the presenters addressing business people, students, and hackers on the threat quantum computers present with respect to keeping your data safe. He revealed the purpose behind the hackathon and why he is confident enough to offer a $100,000 prize.
Andrew Cheung enthusiastically described the hackathon challenge, Our hackathon will show the world that our encryption is rock-solid. We are the only Canadian company and the first post-quantum encryption to offer a prize of $100,000. We have invested over three years in developing our IronCAP technology with a development team that has combined 50 years of experience in code-based encryption. We are very confident that our technology will withstand any attempt by any participant to crack the code in our hackathon.
The Company expects contestants from around the world to challenge its quantum-safe encryption. The hackathon is available online globally. Anyone to who has a Google or Facebook account can sign up to participate. Contestants will be given 30 days to crack IronCAPs code. A cash prize of $100,000 will be awarded to the first person (if there is any) who is able to break the encryption. A paper describing the method used to crack the encryption is required to be submitted by the participant.
Innovative people working in tech along with researchers, computer scientists, students, and hackers are encouraged to sign up for the hackathon. The contest closes on December 12, 2019. Results will be announced on or about December 16, 2019.
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Threat of quantum computing hackathon to award $100,000 - App Developer Magazine
The 15th Software Engineering Conference Russia 2019 (SECR 2019), a key annual event in this field in Eastern Europe, took place on November 14-15 in St. Petersburg; more than 500 participants from the industry take part in it. Traditionally, the winners of the Bertrand Meyer Award were announced at the closing of the conference. Bertrand Meyer is a professor at Politecnico di Milano and Innopolis University and initial designer of the Eiffel method and language. The prize is awarded annually for the best paper presented in the SECR program.
This year, the award was shared between two works by the decision of the program committee. One of them is Automated Generation of Quantum Circuit Specifications Based on Reed-Muller Expressions byVitaly KalmychkovandIrina Matveeva, associate professors of the Department of Computer Aided Design of ETU LETI.
Vitaly Kalmychkovpresented the paper at the conference. The presentation was devoted to current trends in quantum computing and a promising area for the creation and programming of quantum computers.Vitaly Kalmychkovspoke about the experience of developing a modular system for the automatic generation of quantum circuit specifications, used as the basis for the logical representation of a quantum computing process. He also proposed methods for automatic minimization of quantum circuits based on scalable templates, their evaluation, and automatic verification. Today, quantum technologies are already used in telecommunications (security, cryptography), fast computing (artificial intelligence and processing of large amounts of data), modeling of complex systems (physical, chemical) and materials in medicine.
In our study, we offer automation of the design process of quantum circuit specifications, based on a combination of classical mathematical foundations with a common approach to the development of quantum algorithms based on a set of CkNOT converters with multiple control taking into account the nearest neighbor architecture. Our toolkit provides an automatic compilation of all possible variants of quantum circuits using Reed-Muller expressions, including automatic modes for switching to the linearly nearest neighbor while minimizing the number of SWAP converters based on the scalable patterns that we have implemented, automatic statistics collection, visualization, lexical verification of equivalency of quantum chains compilation results. In general, this allows us to choose from all automatically generated specifications variants of quantum circuits under various criteria.
Today, the development of ETU LETI researchers is extremely relevant. Quantum computers are shifting from the field of scientific interest and research laboratories to the mass user. On October 23, 2019, one of Googles divisions announced achieving the quantum supremacy. The company introduced a quantum algorithm that solves the problem of generating a random sequence on a quantum processor. IBM provides a cloud service for those wishing to implement quantum algorithms on an existing quantum computer. Rosatom announced a large-scale project to create a Russian quantum computer.
Also at the conference,Vladimir Litoshenko, a graduate of the Faculty of Computer Science and Technology of ETU LETI in 2006, Deputy General Director of First Line Software, presented the practical results of using the IBM Q cloud quantum platform for quantum computing.
There was a friendly, creative atmosphere at the conference, which was made possible by the organizing committee with the involvement of volunteers, among whom were ETU LETI students,Vitaly Kalmychkov, Associate Professor of the Department of Computer Aided Design of ETU LETI, says.
In total, researchers submitted more than 150 applications to the conference. After a careful selection, organizers accepted 99 papers on topics of programming tools, cloud services, the Internet of Things, development team management and others.
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ETU "LETI" first won the Bertrand Meyer Award - QS WOW News
Global Quantum Computing Market is Set to Experience Revolutionary Growth With +25% CAGR by 2025 | Top Players D-Wave Systems Inc., QX Branch, Google…
Quantum Computing Marketis the area of study focused on developing computer technology based on the principles ofquantumtheory, which explains the nature and behavior of energy and matter on thequantum(atomic and subatomic) level. It is the use ofquantum mechanical phenomena such assuperpositionandentanglementto performcomputation. Aquantum computeris used to perform such computation, which can be implemented theoretically or physically.
The Quantum Computing Market is expected to reach +25% CAGR during forecast period 2019-2025
According to the Market Research Inc research report, the growing Quantum Computing Market is likely to boost the global market substantially over the forthcoming years. Apart from this, the increasing number of driving is projected to add to the growth of this market significantly in the near future. The worldwide market is analyzed on the basis of the various segments and the geographical reach of this market. How the markets segments are propelling the market in the market scenario is mentioned in this report. The continual rising factors boosting the demand for market notes the research study.
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Key players in the Quantum Computingproducts markets include Market:
D-Wave Systems Inc. (Canada), QX Branch (US), International Business Machines Corporation (US), Cambridge Quantum Computing Limited (UK), 1QB Information Technologies (Canada), QC Ware, Corp. (US), StationQ- Microsoft (US), Rigetti Computing (US), Google Inc. (US), River Lane Research (US).
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On the geographical front, the global market is classified into Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East & Africa, North America, and Latin America. The leading region of this global market and the region which is projected to continue its dominance over the forthcoming years is given in the study. The key driving force behind the growth of this market in the near future is also presented.
For product type segment, this report listed main product type of Quantum Computing market in global and china.
For end use/application segment, this report focuses on the status and outlook for key applications. End users are also listed.
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In this study, the years considered to estimate the size of Quantum Computing are as follows:
History Year: 2013-2018
Base Year: 2018
Estimated Year: 2019
Forecast Year 2019 to 2025.
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The Marker Research Inc studies the Quantum Computing market status and outlook of Global and major regions, from angles of players, countries, product types and end industries; this report analyzes the top players in global market, and splits the Quantum Computing market by product type and applications/end industries.
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TOKYO -- Japan will aimto develop full-fledged quantum computers for a broadrange of uses by around 2039,Nikkei has learned, part of Tokyo's first strategy for catching upwith the U.S. and China in the race to achieve ultrafast processing.
Industry, academia and government are expected to join forces on the effort, which promises to yield innovations in fields like manufacturing and financial services.
The proposed road map, to be discussed at an expert panel meeting Wednesday,calls forbuilding at least five quantum innovation centers over the next five years.
China, the U.S. and some European countries are investing strategically in quantum technology at the national and corporate levels.
Google recently claimed a breakthrough in quantum computing, in which a processor using quantum bits, or qubits, solved a problem that existing computers cannot complete in a practical amount of time. Both Google and IBM have produced prototype quantum computers with processors in the range of 50 qubits.
Under the government road map, Japan will aim to produce a 100-qubit machine in about 10 years, followed by a more powerful, full-fledged quantum computer by around 2039.
Japan sees quantum computing as a priority area for research and development alongside artificial intelligence and biotechnology.
The road map also covers related areas such as sensors, communications and encryption, as well as materials. With quantum computing expected to transformfields like telecommunications, drug manufacturing, finance and logistics, Japan aims to applythe technology to the country's existing strengths such as the development of materials.
The government will seek about 30 billion yen ($276 million) in funding forquantum research for the budget year beginning April 2020,roughly double the year-earlier request.The technology also will be one focus of a "moonshot" R&D program in which the government will invest a total of 100 billion yen.
Ilias Perakis commissioned an image to convey his terahertz-driven superconductivity.
Used with permission of Springer Nature.For his fifth paper published in a Nature Research journal since 2015, Ilias Perakis, Ph.D., had a bonus that many researchers yearn for. The front cover of Nature Photonics featured his illustration of terahertz-driven superconductivity, the topic of his research paper inside.
The image shows a wavy orange-red line a laser pulse with a frequency of a thousand-billion cycles per second hitting a target material made of niobium and tin. Inside the material, the shape is distorted and breaks the symmetry by accelerating the electrons in the preferred direction of the electric field. With this comes an amazing change momentary superconductivity with a disappearing quantum energy gap.
Normally, every electron in a material behaves independently of each other, said Perakis, professor and chair of the University of Alabama at Birmingham Department of Physics, in the UAB College of Arts and Sciences. Our applied pulse accelerates the electrons in one direction, into a new superconducting state with zero resistivity, where the electrons behave as a whole.
The cover image shows the content of the study, Lightwave-driven gapless superconductivity and forbidden quantum beats by terahertz symmetry breaking. Perakis provided the physics theory that underlies experiments done by colleagues at Iowa State University, the United States Department of Energys Ames Laboratory and the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Corresponding author is Jigang Wang, Ph.D., Iowa State University.
This group was the first to show this technique as a tool to tune the quantum mechanical state of a material. Those terahertz pulses of laser light can both control the quantum state and sense the change in the quantum state.
Why an interest in such research? The dream of quantum computing, new machines that can operate at speeds vastly faster than supercomputers. Making such devices is a challenge.
A quantum computer needs three things, Perakis said. Good material, good sensors of the quantum state and a good tool to manipulate the quantum state. We need to be able to change the quantum state in a controlled way.
Ilias Perakis, Ph.D.For the Nature Photonics cover, Perakis commissioned the Ella Maru Studio of South Carolina. We want to combine the arts with the science, Perakis said, so that we can understand the concept. Reasoning in the quantum world requires imagination, and art helps you with that. Ella Maru specializes in scientific design and animation.
Perakis was named chair of UAB Physics in 2015. He says the departments five undergraduate major concentrations place an emphasis on excellence and on using critical thinking and systematic analysis to understand complex phenomena and solve todays interdisciplinary scientific problems.
We personalize education to graduate a diverse group of students with well-developed complex skills and hands-on research experiences, who are well-connected to industry and well-prepared to serve a fast-changing and technology-driven global society, Perakis said.