Category Archives: Deep Mind

AI Engineers Need to Think Beyond Engineering – Harvard Business Review

Executive Summary

It is very, very easy for a well-intentioned AI practitioner to inadvertently do harm when they set out to do good AI has the power to amplify unfair biases, making innate biases exponentially more harmful. Because AI often interacts with complex social systems, where correlation and causation might not be immediately clear or even easily discernible AI practitioners need to build partnerships with community members, stakeholders, and experts to help them better understand the world theyre interacting with and the implications of making mistakes. Community-based system dynamics (CBSD) is a promising participatory approach to understanding complex social systems that does just that.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has become one of the biggest drivers of technological change, impacting industries and creating entirely new opportunities. From an engineering standpoint, AI is just a more advanced form of data engineering. Most good AI projects function more like muddy pickup trucks than spotless race cars they are a workhorse technology that humbly makes a production line 5% safer or movie recommendations a little more on point. However, more so than many other technologies, it is very, very easy for a well-intentioned AI practitioner to inadvertently do harm when they set out to do good. AI has the power to amplify unfair biases, making innate biases exponentially more harmful.

As Google AI practitioners, we understand that how AI technology is developed and used will have a significant impact on society for many years to come. As such, its crucial to formulate best practices. This starts with the responsible development of the technology and mitigating any potential unfair bias which may exist, both of which require technologists to look more than one step ahead: not Will this delivery automation save 15% on the delivery cost? but How will this change affect the cities where we operate and the people at-risk populations in particular who live there?

This has to be done the old-fashioned way: by human data scientists understanding the process that generates the variables that end up in datasets and models. Whats more, that understanding can only be achieved in partnership with the people represented by and impacted by these variables community members and stakeholders, such as experts who understand the complex systems that AI will ultimately interact with.

How do we actually implement this goal of building fairness into these new technologies especially when they often work in ways we might not expect? As a first step, computer scientists need to do more to understand the contexts in which their technologies are being developed and deployed.

Despite our advances in measuring and detecting unfair bias, causation mistakes can still lead to harmful outcomes for marginalized communities. Whats a causation mistake? Take, for example, the observation during the Middle Ages that sick people attracted fewer lice, which led to an assumption that lice were good for you. In actual fact, lice dont like living on people with fevers. Causation mistakes like this, where a correlation is wrongly thought to signal a cause and effect, can be extremely harmful in high-stakes domains such as health care and criminal justice. AI system developers who usually do not have social science backgrounds typically do not understand the underlying societal systems and structures that generate the problems their systems are intended to solve. This lack of understanding can lead to designs based on oversimplified, incorrect causal assumptions that exclude critical societal factors and can lead to unintended and harmful outcomes.

For instance, the researchers who discovered that a medical algorithm widely used in the U.S. health care was racially biased against Black patients identified that the root cause was the mistaken causal assumption, made by the algorithm designers, that people with more complex health needs will have spent more money on health care. This assumption ignores critical factors such as lack of trust in the health care system and lack of access to affordable health care that tend to decrease spending on health care by Black patients regardless of the complexity of their health care needs.

Researchers make this kind of causation/correlation mistake all the time.But things are worse for a deep learning computer, which searches billions of possible correlations in order to find the most accurate way to predict data, and thus has billions of opportunities to make causal mistakes. Complicating the issue further, it is very hard, even with modern tools, such as Shapely analysis, to understand why such a mistake was made a human data scientist sitting in a lab with their supercomputer can never deduce from the data itself what the causation mistakes may be. This is why, among scientists, it is never acceptable to claim to have found a causal relationship in nature just by passively looking at data. You must formulate the hypothesis and then conduct an experiment in order to tease out the causation.

Addressing these causal mistakes requires taking a step back. Computer scientists need to do more to understand and account for the underlying societal contexts in which these technologies are developed and deployed.

Here at Google, we started to lay the foundations for what this approach might look like. In a recent paper co-written by DeepMind, Google AI, and our Trust & Safety team, we argue that considering these societal contexts requires embracing the fact that they are dynamic, complex, non-linear, adaptive systems governed by hard-to-see feedback mechanisms. We all participate in these systems, but no individual person or algorithm can see them in their entirety or fully understand them. So, to account for these inevitable blindspots and innovate responsibly, technologists must collaborate with stakeholders representatives from sociology, behavioral science, and the humanities, as well as from vulnerable communities to form a shared hypothesis of how they work. This process should happen at the earliest stages of product development even before product design starts and be done in full partnership with communities most vulnerable to algorithmic bias.

This participatory approach to understanding complex social systems called community-based system dynamics (CBSD) requires building new networks to bring these stakeholders into the process. CBSD isgrounded in systems thinking and incorporates rigorous qualitative and quantitative methods for collaboratively describing and understanding complex problem domains, and weve identified it as a promising practice in our research. Building the capacity topartner with communities in fair and ethical ways that provide benefits to all participants needs to be a top priority. It wont be easy. But the societal insights gained from a deep understanding of the problems that matter most to the most vulnerable in society can lead to technological innovations that are safer and more beneficial for everyone.

When communities are underrepresented in the product development design process, they are underserved by the products that result. Right now, were designing what the future of AI will look like. Will it be inclusive and equitable? Or will it reflect the most unfair and unjust elements of our society? The more just option isnt a foregone conclusion we have to work towards it. Our vision for the technology is one where a full range of perspectives, experiences and structural inequities are accounted for. We work to seek out and include these perspectives in a range of ways, including human rights diligence processes, research sprints, direct input from vulnerable communities and organizations focused on inclusion, diversity, and equity such as WiML (Women in ML) and Latinx in AI; many of these organizations are also co-founded and co-led by Googler researchers, such as Black in AI and Queer in AI.

If we, as a field, want this technology to live up to our ideals, then we need to change how we think about what were building to shift to our mindset from building because we can to building what we should. This means fundamentally shifting our focus to understanding deep problems and working to ethically partner and collaborate with marginalized communities. This will give us a more reliable view of both the data that fuels our algorithms and the problems we seek to solve. This deeper understanding could allow organizations in every sector to unlock new possibilities of what they have to offer while being inclusive, equitable and socially beneficial.

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AI Engineers Need to Think Beyond Engineering - Harvard Business Review

Alertness is an evergreen state of mind for the Jewish community – Security Magazine

Alertness is an evergreen state of mind for the Jewish community | 2020-10-28 | Security Magazine This website requires certain cookies to work and uses other cookies to help you have the best experience. By visiting this website, certain cookies have already been set, which you may delete and block. By closing this message or continuing to use our site, you agree to the use of cookies. Visit our updated privacy and cookie policy to learn more. This Website Uses CookiesBy closing this message or continuing to use our site, you agree to our cookie policy. Learn MoreThis website requires certain cookies to work and uses other cookies to help you have the best experience. By visiting this website, certain cookies have already been set, which you may delete and block. By closing this message or continuing to use our site, you agree to the use of cookies. Visit our updated privacy and cookie policy to learn more.

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Alertness is an evergreen state of mind for the Jewish community - Security Magazine

A deep recession should hurt Trump’s reelection bid, but this isn’t a usual downturn – CNN

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"},{"title":"Women bearing brunt of pandemic's economic cost","duration":"02:43","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"www.cnn.com","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/business/2020/09/01/women-economic-pain-coronavirus-covid-19-pandemic-soares-pkg-intl-ldn-vpx.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"business/2020/09/01/women-economic-pain-coronavirus-covid-19-pandemic-soares-pkg-intl-ldn-vpx.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/200901145400-women-economic-pain-pandemic-soares-pkg-2-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/business/2020/09/01/women-economic-pain-coronavirus-covid-19-pandemic-soares-pkg-intl-ldn-vpx.cnn/video/playlists/business-economy/","description":"Coronavirus may be deadlier in men but the economic fallout is hitting women harder.One of the reasons for this is that the crisis has impacted sectors where women's employment is concentrated, like healthcare and hospitality. 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","descriptionText":"CNN's u003ca href="/profiles/ed-lavandera-profile" target="_blank">Ed Lavanderau003c/a> speaks to Texas business owners and families who are struggling financially as a result of the coronavirus pandemic. "},{"title":"Asian Americans facing historic unemployment during pandemic","duration":"03:10","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"http://www.cnn.com/","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/business/2020/10/25/asian-americans-historic-unemployment-xenophobia-walker-pkg-ndwknd-vpx.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"business/2020/10/25/asian-americans-historic-unemployment-xenophobia-walker-pkg-ndwknd-vpx.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/201023212117-asian-american-businesses-covid-racism-and-xenophobia-large-169.jpeg","videoUrl":"/videos/business/2020/10/25/asian-americans-historic-unemployment-xenophobia-walker-pkg-ndwknd-vpx.cnn/video/playlists/business-economy/","description":"CNN's u003ca href="http://www.cnn.com/profiles/amara-walker" target="_blank">Amara Walkeru003c/a> looks at how Asian Americans are facing not only xenophobia as the coronavirus pandemic rages on, but also historic unemployment in the US.","descriptionText":"CNN's u003ca href="http://www.cnn.com/profiles/amara-walker" target="_blank">Amara Walkeru003c/a> looks at how Asian Americans are facing not only xenophobia as the coronavirus pandemic rages on, but also historic unemployment in the US."},{"title":"'Have to laugh to keep from crying': Business owner struggling amid pandemic","duration":"02:51","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"https://www.cnn.com","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/business/2020/10/24/motorcoach-business-covid-19-crisis-chen-dnt-nr-vpx.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"business/2020/10/24/motorcoach-business-covid-19-crisis-chen-dnt-nr-vpx.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/201024151423-vpx-georgia-coach-line-owner-screengrab-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/business/2020/10/24/motorcoach-business-covid-19-crisis-chen-dnt-nr-vpx.cnn/video/playlists/business-economy/","description":"One Georgia motorcoach driver who usually makes trips in the triple digits each year has only made eight trips in 2020, and his is just one example of millions of dollars worth of motorcoach vehicles that are parked and unable to make money amid the coronavirus crisis. CNN's Natasha Chen reports.","descriptionText":"One Georgia motorcoach driver who usually makes trips in the triple digits each year has only made eight trips in 2020, and his is just one example of millions of dollars worth of motorcoach vehicles that are parked and unable to make money amid the coronavirus crisis. CNN's Natasha Chen reports."},{"title":"This fourth-grader doesn't have WiFi at home. So he walks to school","duration":"01:47","sourceName":"CNN Business","sourceLink":"http://www.cnn.com/business","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/business/2020/10/22/fourth-grader-walk-school-wifi-orig.cnn-business/index.xml","videoId":"business/2020/10/22/fourth-grader-walk-school-wifi-orig.cnn-business","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/201022155654-01-new-mexico-coronavirus-school-internet-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/business/2020/10/22/fourth-grader-walk-school-wifi-orig.cnn-business/video/playlists/business-economy/","description":"A fourth-grader without internet access at home was caught sitting outside his shuttered school doing homework. CNN speaks to him and his mother.","descriptionText":"A fourth-grader without internet access at home was caught sitting outside his shuttered school doing homework. CNN speaks to him and his mother."},{"title":"First-time jobless claims drop to 787,000","duration":"00:58","sourceName":"CNNBusiness","sourceLink":"","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/business/2020/10/22/jobless-claims-unemployment-benefits-coronavirus-oct-22.cnnbusiness/index.xml","videoId":"business/2020/10/22/jobless-claims-unemployment-benefits-coronavirus-oct-22.cnnbusiness","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/201021154529-us-shuttered-storefronts-1015-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/business/2020/10/22/jobless-claims-unemployment-benefits-coronavirus-oct-22.cnnbusiness/video/playlists/business-economy/","description":"Another 787,000 Americans filed for first-time unemployment benefits on a seasonally adjusted basis last week. It was the first time jobless claims fell below 800,000 since mid-March. CNN's Christine Romans reports.","descriptionText":"Another 787,000 Americans filed for first-time unemployment benefits on a seasonally adjusted basis last week. 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CNN's Vanessa Yurkevich reports on the restaurant industry's bleak outlook.","descriptionText":"While some big chains are turning profits during the pandemic, many independent restaurants don't have the money to survive. CNN's Vanessa Yurkevich reports on the restaurant industry's bleak outlook."},{"title":"Here's how a Covid-19 vaccine could help the global economy","duration":"02:56","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"www.cnn.com","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/business/2020/10/20/coronavirus-covid-19-vaccine-melinda-gates-imf-anderson-intv-intl-ldn-vpx.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"business/2020/10/20/coronavirus-covid-19-vaccine-melinda-gates-imf-anderson-intv-intl-ldn-vpx.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/201012210602-johnson--johnson-vaccine-trial-file-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/business/2020/10/20/coronavirus-covid-19-vaccine-melinda-gates-imf-anderson-intv-intl-ldn-vpx.cnn/video/playlists/business-economy/","description":"CNN's Becky Anderson speaks with Melinda Gates, co-chair of the Gates Foundation, and IMF chief Kristalina Georgieva about the race for a coronavirus vaccine and how it could help the global financial recovery.","descriptionText":"CNN's Becky Anderson speaks with Melinda Gates, co-chair of the Gates Foundation, and IMF chief Kristalina Georgieva about the race for a coronavirus vaccine and how it could help the global financial recovery."},{"title":"Fed Chair on stimulus: There's little risk of overdoing it","duration":"01:34","sourceName":"CNN Business","sourceLink":"","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/business/2020/10/06/fed-chair-jerome-powell-coronavirus-economic-outlook-orig.cnn-business/index.xml","videoId":"business/2020/10/06/fed-chair-jerome-powell-coronavirus-economic-outlook-orig.cnn-business","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/201006115757-jerome-powell-1006-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/business/2020/10/06/fed-chair-jerome-powell-coronavirus-economic-outlook-orig.cnn-business/video/playlists/business-economy/","description":"Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell explains why the US economic recovery is fragile and why more fiscal stimulus is needed.","descriptionText":"Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell explains why the US economic recovery is fragile and why more fiscal stimulus is needed."},{"title":"Mom of three: They shouldn't have to worry how we can eat the next day","duration":"03:57","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"https://www.cnn.com","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/business/2020/10/06/family-food-crisis-unemployed-lah-newday-vpx.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"business/2020/10/06/family-food-crisis-unemployed-lah-newday-vpx.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/201006093944-lahdnt1006-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/business/2020/10/06/family-food-crisis-unemployed-lah-newday-vpx.cnn/video/playlists/business-economy/","description":"CNN's Kyung Lah goes in-depth with a mother and her three daughters in Los Angeles who struggling to eat each week during the global pandemic.","descriptionText":"CNN's Kyung Lah goes in-depth with a mother and her three daughters in Los Angeles who struggling to eat each week during the global pandemic."},{"title":"Ohio mom facing eviction: I'm just thinking about my kids","duration":"02:53","sourceName":"CNN","sourceLink":"https://www.cnn.com/","videoCMSUrl":"/video/data/3.0/video/business/2020/10/01/columbus-evictions-coronavirus-lah-pkg-newday-vpx.cnn/index.xml","videoId":"business/2020/10/01/columbus-evictions-coronavirus-lah-pkg-newday-vpx.cnn","videoImage":"//cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/201001080543-ohio-mom-eviction-large-169.jpg","videoUrl":"/videos/business/2020/10/01/columbus-evictions-coronavirus-lah-pkg-newday-vpx.cnn/video/playlists/business-economy/","description":"CNN's u003ca href="/profiles/kyung-lah-profile" target="_blank">Kyung Lahu003c/a> speaks to families in Columbus, Ohio, who are faced with the possibility of home evictions as the economic ramifications of the coronavirus pandemic have left many unemployed. ","descriptionText":"CNN's u003ca href="/profiles/kyung-lah-profile" target="_blank">Kyung Lahu003c/a> speaks to families in Columbus, Ohio, who are faced with the possibility of home evictions as the economic ramifications of the coronavirus pandemic have left many unemployed. 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A deep recession should hurt Trump's reelection bid, but this isn't a usual downturn - CNN

M&A Plus Insurance – Please mind the gap: managing the timing considerations of warranty and indemnity insurance – Lexology

Whether youre on the buy-side or the sell-side, an M&A transaction involves a broad range of critical issues. We understand your industry and have the breadth and depth to advise you on all the legal aspects of your deal. In our new series, 'M&A Plus', our team of legal and industry experts critically examine key issues that arise in M&A transactions, both international and domestic.

We bring deep mid-market M&A expertise to your deals. Our strong collegiate and commercial culture allows us to work seamlessly with colleagues, clients and other trusted advisors to get the deal done. Our focus on outstanding collaboration has been recognised by our recent win of the Mergermarket Australia M&A Collaboration of the Year Award 2020.

In this edition of M&A Plus, we take a close look at M&A plus warranty and indemnity insurance.

In Australia, warranty and indemnity (W&I) insurance has become increasingly popular in the context of private M&A transactions. Typically, the buyer takes out a W&I Insurance policy (W&I Policy) to protect against financial loss arising from a breach of sellers warranty or under an indemnity. For further information, see our previous article W&I insurance: a practical guide to the Australian M&A market.

Importantly, the decision to obtain W&I insurance may alter the negotiation positions taken by, and ultimately, the content of the sale agreement reached between, the seller and the buyer. In a W&I insured deal, the seller may be more willing to accept a broader warranty set than it would under a non-insured deal, if those warranties (after thorough due diligence) are underwritten by the insurer.

Timing of cover

Commonly, the W&I Policy is negotiated before the sale agreement is signed. That way, if the insurer declines to cover a particular warranty, the buyer and the seller still have an opportunity to deal with the issue another way, or alternatively, contractually allocate the risk between themselves.

If the parties agree to put the W&I Policy in place after the sale agreement has been signed, the seller should insist on a condition precedent requiring the buyer to obtain adequate W&I cover (to the satisfaction of the seller) within a specified timeframe prior to completion. The buyers failure to do so would then entitle the seller to terminate the sale agreement. In the absence of a condition precedent and right of termination, the seller may find itself in a precarious position. Having agreed to a broad warranty set on the basis that those warranties would be insured, the seller will still be bound by those warranties, and liable to the buyer if insurance is not obtained.

Mind the gap

Often, a sale agreement will not sign and complete contemporaneously - there may be a gap of several days, weeks or even months, between signing and completion. During this time, the parties are generally required to satisfy (or waive) certain conditions precedent and comply with various pre-completion obligations.

If W&I insurance is taken out at the time of signing the sale agreement, but there is a gap (particularly, a lengthy gap) between signing and completion, the parties should be mindful of potential liability traps that may arise.

Coverage

The level of coverage under W&I insurance varies from policy to policy. While specific terms may be negotiated between the insurer and the insured, a number of standard exclusions tend to apply, including in relation to information which has been disclosed (or is known), transfer pricing, fraud, forward-looking information, and criminal liability.

A lesser-known standard exclusion relates to breaches of insured warranties and claims under insured indemnities, which occur in respect of the period between signing and completion. Despite this being a customary exclusion, the insurer may sometimes provide coverage for warranty breaches and indemnity claims arising in respect of the period from signing to completion under 'new breach cover'.

The availability and suitability of new breach cover depends on a number of factors, including:

Disclosure obligations

A general principle of W&I insurance is that the insurer will only cover unknown risks. If there are risks known to the insured (whether identified during due diligence or otherwise), these risks will be excluded from cover. In line with this position, the insurer will require the insured to periodically deliver a written no claims declaration (NCD) confirming that its nominated deal team members are not aware of any matters that would result in a claim being made under the W&I Policy.

The first NCD is required at signing, with a final NCD to be given on completion. Additional NCDs may be required in the interim (usually, at the end of each 30-day period) if new breach cover has been taken out.

In the absence of new breach cover, a breach that occurs between signing and completion must be disclosed in the completion NCD and will be excluded from cover.

Interaction between policy coverage and the sale agreement

The parties should give careful thought to the operation of the W&I Policy and its interaction with the contractual rights and obligations of the parties under the sale agreement. In particular, it can be problematic for the buyer where the sale agreement provides:

If standard W&I insurance cover is taken out, the parties should consider how to deal with any potential or contingent breaches which become apparent between signing and completion. If the buyer is unable to terminate for a potential warranty breach, then the seller should not be under a positive obligation to disclose potential breaches prior to completion. Otherwise, the buyers deal team members will have knowledge of the potential breach, which may then be excluded from cover. In this scenario, the buyer will have no right to terminate, no right to claim against the W&I Policy and no right to claim against the seller.

Where new breach cover is taken out, the W&I Policy will usually exclude any material adverse change that occurs between signing and completion. If the buyer has no right to terminate for a material adverse change, the buyer will be forced to wear the loss, having once again, no right to terminate, no right to claim against the W&I Policy and no right to claim against the seller.

Conclusion

In recent years, W&I insurance has become more widespread in the Australia market. Under the right circumstances, W&I insurance can help facilitate smoother M&A transactions. However, it may also lull the parties into a false sense of security, unless due care is taken to align the W&I Policy with the sale agreement. Similarly, parties should be aware that W&I insurance is not aimed at replacing, but rather complementing other insurance solutions, such as directors and officers liability insurance, professional indemnity insurance, and cyber insurance.

Whether you are on the buy-side or the sell-side on an M&A transaction, be mindful of the period between signing and completion. Take care to select an appropriate W&I Policy and obtain advice to carefully negotiate the sale agreement to close out any unintended liability traps.

Read more here:
M&A Plus Insurance - Please mind the gap: managing the timing considerations of warranty and indemnity insurance - Lexology

Latest Update 2020: Machine Learning Artificial intelligence Market by COVID19 Impact Analysis And Top Manufacturers: AIBrain, Amazon, Anki,…

Global Machine Learning Artificial intelligence Industry Research Report Provides Detailed Insight Covering all Important Parameters Including Development Trends, Challenges, Opportunities, Key Insights and Competitive Analysis of Machine Learning Artificial intelligence Market.

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Impact of COVID-19: Machine Learning Artificial intelligence Market report analyses the impact of Coronavirus (COVID-19) on the Machine Learning Artificial intelligence industry. Since the COVID-19 virus outbreak in December 2019, the disease has spread to almost 180+ countries around the globe with the World Health Organization declaring it a public health emergency. The global impacts of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are already starting to be felt, and will significantly affect the Machine Learning Artificial intelligence market in 2020

COVID-19 can affect the global economy in 3 main ways: by directly affecting production and demand, by creating supply chain and market disturbance, and by its financial impact on firms and financial markets.

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Top 10 leading companies in the global Machine Learning Artificial intelligence market are analyzed in the report along with their business overview, operations, financial analysis, SWOT profile and Machine Learning Artificial intelligence products and services

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FOR ALL YOUR RESEARCH NEEDS, REACH OUT TO US AT:Address: 6400 Village Pkwy suite # 104, Dublin, CA 94568, USAContact Name: Rohan S.Email:[emailprotected]Phone: +1-909-329-2808UK: +44 (203) 743 1898

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Latest Update 2020: Machine Learning Artificial intelligence Market by COVID19 Impact Analysis And Top Manufacturers: AIBrain, Amazon, Anki,...

Creators Of WBUR’s ‘Madness’ Series Talk To Host Of CBC’s ‘Brainwashed’ – WBUR

This past Spring, Endless Thread released a multi-part series called Madness: The Secret Mission for Mind Control and the People Who Paid the Price. If you missed it, you can find all five parts here.

"Madness" tells the story of a powerful doctor who conducted disturbing, CIA-funded mind-control experiments on patients at a prestigious psychiatric hospital in Montreal. And now, there's another show offering fresh perspective on the same topic. It's called Brainwashed, and it's a new series from CBC Podcasts. You can listen to that show here.

We recently talked to the host of "Brainwashed," Michelle Shepherd, as a bonus postmortem episode. We wanted to compare notes with another reporter who has gone deep on this story and swap takeaways. Take a listen...

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Creators Of WBUR's 'Madness' Series Talk To Host Of CBC's 'Brainwashed' - WBUR

Global Mindfulness Meditation Apps Market Expected To Reach Highest CAGR By 2026: Deep Relax, Smiling Mind, Inner Explorer, Inc., Committee for…

Global Mindfulness Meditation Apps Market: Introduction

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Deep RelaxSmiling MindInner Explorer, Inc.Committee for ChildrenStop, Breathe, and Think PBCThe Mindfulness AppMindfulness Everywhere Ltd.Ten Percent HappierBreetheInsights Network, Inc.Simple Habit, Inc.Calm.com, Inc.Meditation Moments B.V.Headspace, Inc.

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IOSAndroid

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0 5 Years6 12 Years13 18 Years19 Years and Above

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Global Mindfulness Meditation Apps Market Expected To Reach Highest CAGR By 2026: Deep Relax, Smiling Mind, Inner Explorer, Inc., Committee for...

These Texas women arent flocking to Trump. They made up their minds weeks ago. – Houston Chronicle

Liz Castaeda does not play by party politics.

The 49-year-old is really in the middle. Shes a big fan of Republican U.S. Sen. John Cornyn, despises President Donald Trump and stayed out of the 2018 contest between former U.S. Rep. Beto ORourke and Sen. Ted Cruz. This year, shes most excited about two state legislative candidates in Carrollton, the Dallas suburb she calls home one a Democrat and one a Republican.

She arrived at the polls on Tuesday, Oct. 13, to cast her ballot on the first day of early voting and the two names at the top of the ticket made her feel sick.

It seemed like an absurd choice: Im not thrilled with former Vice President Joe Biden, she said, but President Donald Trump brings so much division and hate.

So she skipped the question and promised to come back to it later. I didnt want to deal with that, to be honest, Castaeda said.

After all, she had other candidates to vote for who actually made her excited about the future of her country.

For Castaeda, like many Texas suburban women, the election is a referendum on Trump either a strong embrace or rebuke of the sitting president though her indecision may be an outlier in a year when polls indicate that roughly 95 percent of likely voters have already made up their minds.

UNCHARTED WATERS: Can the polls keep up with newly competitive Texas politics?

Winning votes from women in the suburbs including hundreds of thousands of educated Texas Republicans who crossed party lines to vote for Democrats in 2018 is a central preoccupation for Trump, whose shout-outs to that demographic have become a national spectacle in 2020.

Finally! Trump tweeted Thursday afternoon. Suburban women are flocking over to us. They realize that I am saving the Suburbs the American Dream.

Historically, pundits and politicians have used the term suburban women as code for middle-aged, white and affluent. Thats no longer true nationally or in Texas, where the suburbs are increasingly diverse in demographics, political ideology, education and other defining voting characteristics.

In interviews, 15 suburban women on both sides of the aisle described deeply divided politics only worsened by 2020 a hellish year that brought the coronavirus pandemic, racial unrest and economic uncertainty that will linger long after votes are counted.

It is the year that anything can happen, but those events have only pushed many suburban women into their existing views none of which exhibit particular excitement or disdain for a potential President Biden, but rather indicate strong opinions about the current President Trump.

IN-DEPTH: What Trumps save-the-suburbs pledge means in Texass only political battleground

I dont feel that Trump is for the people, said Serena Formby-Condon, a 60-year-old from a suburb outside Austin. I feel like hes for himself.

People are saying, How in the world can you vote for President Trump? said Ronnie Retzloff, a 74-year-old from San Antonio, and Im saying, How can you not?

As the coronavirus spread rapidly across the country in March and April, the lack of a coordinated federal response left the hard choices on shutdowns and mask mandates to local governments oftentimes to states, though Republican Gov. Greg Abbott has pushed some of those decisions down to the county level.

It was the local restrictions that drove Melissa Beckett, 47, out of San Antonio and into a new community in Gregg County, 350 miles away in deep-red East Texas.

She is a Catholic and former commodities trader who says the Democratic lawmakers in San Antonio dont represent her values and should not have brushed off calls to reopen schools. The entire handling of the pandemic from limiting nursing home visitors to requiring masks has been government overreach, she said.

This pandemic has exponentially amplified why the Democrats cannot be in the presidential office, Beckett said. We do not need our elderly in prison and our children not able to go to school.

Deborah Moncrief Bell, a 70-year-old Harris County resident, somewhat falls into the first category: Shes bound to her home, without transportation and with chronic pain, and has seen the coronavirus wreak havoc on friends and family. She is voting for Biden.

Trumps nonchalance about the virus he kept trying to get it, and eventually did, she said has made the country a more dangerous place for her to live. She cant afford to go out in public or to restaurants without risking her life, and it pains her to see people who conflate the coronavirus with the flu or decide not to wear masks.

Theres this whole attitude that people have that anybody is disposable, she said.

Dina Cortez, a 48-year-old San Antonio resident, was raised in a Democratic family but shifted right as she grew older, understanding how her faith and politics coincide. She backed U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz in the 2016 presidential race.

For her, the coronavirus issue boils down to individual responsibility.

We need to work in order to make money, we need to support our families, we try to be as safe as possible, she said. I go to the grocery stores and I occasionally go to restaurants. I dont think that we can live in fear. I do appreciate those that would be high-risk and have chosen not to do so Im not telling anybody how to run their life.

She is voting for Trump.

The coronavirus has also heightened differences over the Affordable Care Act. With millions out of work, losing the insurance they received through their jobs and with the Supreme Court set to review a case on the law early next month suburban women voting for Biden see a new urgency in casting their ballots.

Angelia Morton, a 57-year-old from North Arlington, is independent her family is voting for Trump this year, but shes casting a ballot for Biden. She recently lost her job in the airline industry because of coronavirus fallout, and while she isnt sure that any other president could have handled the virus better, it bothers her that Trump continues to deny that its still a problem.

In this election, job security and affordable health care are at the front of her mind.

I dont know what [Trumps] health care plan is, she said. He keeps saying that hes got one and keeps making promises that he cant deliver on.

Perhaps Trumps most direct appeal to suburban voters has been a push for law and order, heightened after mass demonstrations took place this summer against racial inequality and police brutality. But some of the protests turned violent, prompting Republican calls to crack down on rioters who destroyed property.

In Texas, it is approached either as a threat of destruction and violence or a rebuke of racism that has long plagued the United States.

The most important thing to me is for the country to be stable, for us to have law and order and not to run to radical positions based upon individual things that have happened, said Retzloff, the 74-year-old San Antonio resident and former public school teacher.

Retzloff, who grew up in a Democratic family, left the party with Ronald Reagan and has never returned. Democratic policies, such as the Green New Deal, are too radical for the United States, Retzloff said, and shes deeply concerned about calls to defund the police.

Her neighborhood is littered with signs for both Trump and Biden, but she believes the president will capture a second term in a landslide. Polls arent worth a flip, she said.

Gina Wood, a 52-year-old resident of Aledo outside of Fort Worth, is a lifelong Democrat voting for Biden. This summer, two young Black women in her historically conservative suburb organized a Black Lives Matter march that drew a far larger crowd than anyone had anticipated, mostly consisting of white people.

At 52 years old, Ive never had the types of conversations that Ive had with Black women, she said. It has been just extremely eye-opening for me.

Trump, she said, has only exacerbated racial and political divides. In her red county, she sees neighbors post signs hoping to make liberals cry again.

A little extreme, but thats where we are, she said.

Partisan alignment is the most reliable predictor of a persons voting tendencies, but women also have many other identities that factor into their decisions at the ballot box.

Gender, race, age, religion and education could all be equally as, or more, important to a woman than her life in the suburbs, said Elizabeth Simas, a political scientist at the University of Houston.

In some way, they could decide the election because its uncertain which identity is going to take precedence for a woman, she said.

For Molly Wills Carnes, a 54-year-old Cypress resident, the presidents politics are deeply personal: She has a transgender daughter who the Trump administration has targeted with anti-LGBTQ policies, she said.

Shes a senior in high school, and then shell have four years of college we are in a race against the clock, Carnes said. We have five years to get her a fair and just world.

She sees a jadedness in the Republican Party that makes caring about vulnerable people somehow radical.

Castaeda, the Carrollton voter who was not excited by either presidential candidate, isnt bound to identity politics.

When you see a Latina, youre going to think Im a Democrat, and Im not and Im also not a Republican, she said. I really am in the middle. My ballot was filled with both sides.

But she also isnt blind to the way candidates rhetoric and actions impact her identity. In 2017, Trumps first year in office, a man in a truck pulled over and approached Castaeda as she helped campaign for a local candidate. He asked if she had papers.

I cried, said the lifelong Texas resident. I had never experienced that before.

Three years later, Castaeda was filling out her 2020 general election ballot. She submitted it, walked out of the polling place and sat down in her car to drive home.

Suddenly, she realized that she had forgotten to vote for a president. It was an accident but perhaps, in the strangest of political years, that was fitting.

cayla.harris@express-news.net

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These Texas women arent flocking to Trump. They made up their minds weeks ago. - Houston Chronicle

Series on Mental Illness Present in Society – The Record Newspapers – TheRecordLive.com

Maddy is a student at Little Cypress-Mauriceville High School. She is a talented young writer whose columns offer unique insights from the perspective of a local high school student. Intended primarily for young people, all of The Record readers are welcome to enjoy our columns by Maddy Smith.

Mental illness is something very relevant in society today especially in teenagers. Approximately 9% of children from the ages of 2-17 have been diagnosed with ADHD, 8% of teenagers aging 13-18 have been diagnosed with an anxiety disorder, 8% of teenagers from 12-17 have had major depression episodes, and 2.7% of teenagers from 13-18 suffer from eating disorders that can include bulimia, anorexia, and binge eating. The list of mental illnesses that can affect everyday life goes on and on. These articles are meant to help those that dont understand fully what a certain mental illness looks and feels like. Everybody deals with mental illness in a different way and show different signs.

Having an eating disorder or any mental illness is not something you see yourself having. It is not something that everyone goes through and should not be seen as a phase to those you open up to. It controls your mind causing you to lose control of your body. You have dreams and goals you want to accomplish when you grow up. However, mental illness can but a block in between you and those goals.

An eating disorder of any kind you would easily think could be fixed with some self-love but it is deeper than that. It consumes your mind all times of the day. You fear the one thing that you need to survive. Your mind tells you that food is the enemy and that you are not worth it. The voices in your head constantly tell you youre not good enough, having no purpose, and not feeling worthy around others. However, an eating disorder can make all these thoughts feel twice as big. The eating disorder makes you sink further into the thoughts of feeling unworthy and having no purpose. You constantly feel like you need to lose weight to be good enough.

As it takes even more control of your mind, your social life is being affected. You fear going out with friends to avoid eating. Anxiety and depression can also play a part in an eating disorder. It can either trigger an eating disorder or make itself known further down the road of your eating disorder making your thoughts worse. All you want to do is be able to eat and not think about it. You dont want to think about the numbers. The number of calories or the number on the scale that ties you down. You are constantly fighting the hunger inside of you. The fear is what keeps you tied to your bed all day. Everywhere you go there is food. You see it at the grocery store, in restaurants, at school, and even in your own home. You have to see what you fear the most every day multiple times a day.

If you know someone that struggles with an eating disorder please help. You dont have to understand how they feel they just need someone. Dont be condescending and tell them things they already know. They know the effects of an eating disorder so dont think that it will convince them to just eat. It is a feeling of not being good enough and not any amount of love and kind words you give them will help because deep down, they truly feel worthless and not good enough.

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Series on Mental Illness Present in Society - The Record Newspapers - TheRecordLive.com

How We Got Trump Voters to Change Their Mind – The Atlantic

Sarah Longwell: Why people who hate Trump stick with him

Typically, when volunteers engage in a canvassing campaign, the effort basically amounts to verbal leafleting. They make a one- to two-minute targeted pitch for a candidate or a ballot initiative, and then they leave or hang up the phone.

In a deep canvass, we want to have a real conversation. To get people to open up, we start by asking the basics: How are you doing? How are you holding up in this global pandemic? We respond not with canned answers, but with more questions: Oh, youre watching football? Who is your team? How is your family doing? Were really asking, and we really listen. Eventually, a true back-and-forth begins, one where we exchange stories about our lives and what is at stake for ourselves and for our communities in this election. Usually, by the end, what emerges is some kind of internal conflictwhy the person is frustrated, why she cant decide who to vote for, or why she is skeptical of Biden.

Recently, one of our volunteers, Angela, reached a man by phone while he was at work on a construction site (during the pandemic, weve switched from door-knocking to phone-banking). When Angela asked how he was doing, he initially said he was fine, but when Angela shared how much shes been struggling and how worried shes been about the pandemic, the conversation changed. Angela said that her husbands grandmother had died in a nursing homealong with 50 other peopleand he opened up about his wife coming down with COVID-19 and about the time that she called him at work to say she was struggling to breathe. This led to a conversation about health care and the need for good leadership. At the beginning of the call, he said he had no plans to vote but was ready to cast a ballot when he hung up, and Angela ended the call feeling a depth of connection.

Research has shown time and again that people vote from an emotional place. Its not so much that facts dont matter. Its that facts and talking points do not change minds. And arguing opinions at the start of a conversation about politics causes the interview subject to keep his defensive, partisan walls up and prevents him from connecting with the canvasser.

We don't try to directly persuade people to change their minds on a candidate or an issue. Rather, we create intimacy, in the faith that people have an ability to reexamine their politics, and their long-term worldview, if given the right context. Weve found that when people start to see the dissonance between what they believe and what they actually want, their views changemany of them come around to a more progressive perspective. For example, if a woman says she believes that immigrants are the main problem in our society, but reveals that her top personal concern is health care, then we talk about whether immigrants have anything to do with that worry. When a man says he wants to feel safe, we ask questions about what, in particular, makes him feel unsafe. If he answers COVID-19, then we talk about which candidate might be better suited to handle the pandemic.

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How We Got Trump Voters to Change Their Mind - The Atlantic