Category Archives: Engineering

Use these metrics to get the most out of your engineering team – VentureBeat

All the sessions from Transform 2021 are available on-demand now. Watch now.

This post was written by Rob Zuber, CTO of CircleCI

Ive been leading software teams for more than 20 years and one thing Ive learned about metrics is that leaders tend to put too much emphasis on engineering metrics alone, without considering the bigger picture.

After speaking to a range of engineering industry leaders, and poring over millions of jobs processed from software teams worldwide, we found that the most insightful and relevant metrics fall into three categories:

Engineering velocity metrics measure the speed and efficiency of software delivery pipelines its the metric category that managers typically pay the most attention to. While Ill explain why its not the only important category to track, velocity metrics are critical in helping teams identify slowdowns and find ways to optimize their overall performance.

Some of the most common velocity metrics include:

Moses Mendoza, former Head of Engineering at data processing and review platform Zapproved, uses throughput to understand the pace of his teams work.

Throughput helps us identify and understand speed but the throughput of a system is also bound by its primary constraint, Mendoza said. Throughput will show you what the slowest issue is in a chain of events, but it wont show you how to fix it to speed up your work.

Graeme Harvey, an engineering manager on my team, emphasizes that its important for all engineers to customize throughput measurement to their individual team.

Because our team practices pair-programming, measuring throughput isnt something that can be tied to an individuals productivity, Harvey said.

When it comes to throughput, his engineers optimize for the team rather than the individual. Pair-programming and helping each other might feel like its impeding the progress of an individual but in actuality, it refocuses energy on whats most important for the team and ultimately the business.

While throughput is a valuable metric that helps you track output, there is no one-size-fits-all way to measure it. Measuring throughput accurately requires you to evaluate the structure of your team and how you work.

According to Alex Bilmes, former VP of Growth at software configuration tool Puppet, there are two ways to measure change lead time. One way to measure change lead time is to look at how long it takes to get an idea out and for the idea to go full cycle. The other way is to look at deployment lead time, which measures how long it takes to get to production after a developer has pushed the change to production.

Full change lead time will point out issues in communication and understanding, as well as the depth of your backlog. Deployment lead time is more likely to show the quality of your pipelines and tooling.

Sprint velocity measures the amount of work a team can tackle during a single sprint and can be used for planning and measuring team performance.

Tom Forlini, CTO at video conferencing platform Livestorm, dives even deeper when measuring velocity, focusing on three smaller metrics:

Livestorm engineers work on two-week sprints and have 50 story points per sprint, Forlini said. We track the number of issues done vs. planned because it gives us a good indication of the sprint planning quality between Product and Tech.

Then, his team looks at the percentage of issues by type. When a sprint contains only new feature issues, we know from the start that it might be quite a challenging sprint to tackle, Forlini added. Ideally, you should balance the type of issues by sprint as much as possible.

Morale metrics are probably the most overlooked metric category in engineering. They tell you how engineers feel about the quality of their work and their job happiness, which is a major retention factor. Keeping retention high means keeping morale high.

Some common morale metrics include:

At Zapproved, Mendoza tracked morale in order to monitor employee retention. We measured morale at work using surveys, having conversations, and asking managers to dive deeper in one-on-one meetings to find out how employees felt.

If responses to a survey are overwhelmingly positive, youll want to know what is working and how to replicate that positive work environment. Similarly, if responses are negative, its helpful to find out directly from your team why they feel that way and what you can do to fix the problem.

Mendoza at Zapproved measured confidence by reviewing every sprint in conjunction with that teams manager and their scrum master. As we measured code quality confidence over two or three sprints, if we saw code quality tanking, it meant something was wrong with how the teams planned their individual investment with the work, says Mendoza.

The engineering managers that I lead also measure work by confidence.

Focusing on confidence over coverage as a metric requires that the emphasis isnt on code coverage, Harvey added. Its critical to break the reliance on having 80% or 90% code coverage and then shipping it only to find out the code is broken. Test coverage is a partial proxy for code confidence. If you know 95% of your code is fully tested, versus 20%, then youre going to feel pretty confident that if your tests pass, your code is legitimate.

Harveys team focuses on delivering small iterations quickly. This provides the confidence that the team is building something of quality, nothing is broken, and theyve made the right choices in building tools for the dashboard.

Everything an engineer does should propel the company forward. Thats why its also essential to track business metrics.

Some common business metrics include:

Tracking business metrics is how your team accommodates for user growth effectively. According to Yixin Zhu, formerly of Uber, while its essential to look at engineering execution metrics, its also important to be dialed into the businesss goals and to measure the company growth.

As Uber grew exponentially, tracking business metrics was incredibly important in order for Zhus engineering team to succeed. When youre talking about doubling every six months, you have to be tracking that to know what you need to build, what degradations to expect, how many data centers you need, how many boxes, etc., Zhu said.

In short, engineers have to keep an eye on real-time business metrics to project and plan accurately. You have to be proactive, Zhu added.

Here are some tips to help you get the most value out of your engineering efforts:

Rob Zuber (@z00b) is the CTO of CircleCI. He leads a team of 250+ engineers who are distributed around the globe. He is a three-time founder and five-time CTO, currently living in Oakland, CA with his family.

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Use these metrics to get the most out of your engineering team - VentureBeat

In Pursuit of a Career in Healthcare, She Became an Engineer – The Wall Street Journal

Growing up in Guilford, Conn., Gabriella Lanouette watched her mother head off to work each day as a pediatric nurse.

Every day she comes home having helped kids, says Ms. Lanouette, who began planning her own career in healthcare while still a child. Seeing her work in this field was really inspiring to me.

As she got older she realized she didnt want to be a healthcare provider, so she began looking for other ways to get involved in the field. A passion for coding led to an engineering job. After earning a masters degree from Columbia University, Ms. Lanouette landed a job at Orbis International, an international nonprofit focused on preventing and treating blindness and eye diseases in economically developing countries.

Ms. Lanouette is part of a team that develops algorithms for the companys telemedicine platform, Cybersight. Clinicians use the tool to diagnose eye diseases like diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma, uploading images of the back of the eye to the platform, which provides artificial intelligence-enabled analysis.

The Wall Street Journal recently spoke with Ms. Lanouette about how her pursuit of a career in healthcare led her to engineering. Heres her story, edited and condensed.

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In Pursuit of a Career in Healthcare, She Became an Engineer - The Wall Street Journal

Why we need engineers who study ethics as much as maths – The Conversation AU

The recent apartment building collapse in Miami, Florida, is a tragic reminder of the huge impacts engineering can have on our lives. Disasters such as this force engineers to reflect on their practice and perhaps fundamentally change their approach. Specifically, we should give much greater weight to ethics when training engineers.

Engineers work in a vast range of fields that pose ethical concerns. These include artificial intelligence, data privacy, building construction, public health, and activity on shared environments (including Indigenous communities). The decisions engineers make, if not fully thought through, can have unintended consequences including building failures and climate change.

Read more: Why did the Miami apartment building collapse? And are others in danger?

Engineers have ethical obligations (such as Engineers Australias code of ethics) that they must follow. However, as identified at UNSW, the complexity of emerging social concerns creates a need for engineers education to equip them with much deeper ethical skill sets.

Engineering is seen as a trusted and ethical profession. In a 2019 Gallup poll, 66% rated the honesty and ethical standards of engineers as high/very high, on a par with medical doctors (65%).

However, ethics as a body of knowledge is massive. There are nearly as many academic papers on ethics as mathematics, and clearly more than on artificial intelligence.

With such a rich backdrop of knowledge, engineers must embrace ethics in a way that previous generations embraced mathematics. Complex societal problems make much greater demands on engineering thinking than in the past. We need to consider whole and complex systems, not just issues as individual challenges.

Read more: Most buildings were designed for an earlier climate here's what will happen as global warming accelerates

The construction industry provides a topical example of such complexity. Opal Tower in Sydney, Lacrosse building in Melbourne, Grenfell Tower in London and Torch Tower in Dubai became household names for all the wrong reasons.

Importantly, these issues of poor quality and performance dont arise from new technology or know-how. They involve well-established technical domains of engineering: combustible cladding, fire safety, structural adequacy and so on. A fragmented design and delivery process with unclear responsibility and/or accountability has led to poor outcomes.

These issues prompted the Australian Building Ministers Forum to commission the Shergold Weir Report, followed by a task force to implement its recommendations across Australia.

There are real shortcomings in the legal and contractual processes for allocating and commoditising risk in the industry. However, ethics should do the heavy lifting when legal frameworks are lacking. One key question is whether erosion of professional ethics has played a part in this state of affairs. The answer is a likely yes.

Engineers face ethical dilemmas such as:

Should I accept a narrow or inadequately framed design commission within a design and build delivery model when there is no certainty my design will be appropriately integrated with other parts of the project?

How can I accept a commission when my client provides no budget for my oversight of the construction to ensure the technical integrity of my design is maintained when built?

How do I play in a commercially competitive landscape with pressures to produce "leaner designs to save cost without compromising safety and long-term performance of my design?

"Do I hide behind the contractual clauses (or minimum requirements of codes of practice) when I know the overall process is flawed and does not deliver quality and/or value for money for the end user?

Or worse: Do I resort to phoenixing to avoid any accountability?

Read more: Lacrosse fire ruling sends shudders through building industry consultants and governments

The enduring connection of Aboriginal Australians to Country requires engineers to navigate ethical considerations in Indigenous communities. Engineers must reconcile the legal, technical and regulatory requirements of their projects with Indigenous cultural values and needs. They might not be properly equipped to navigate ethical scenarios when they encounter unfamiliar cultural connections, or regulations are insufficient.

Consider, for example, the sacred sites of the McArthur River Mine. Traditional owners have raised concerns that current mining activities do not adequately protect sacred and cultural heritage sites. Evidence given by community leaders provides insight into the intimate and diverse relationship that traditional owners have with the land.

In considering such evidence, engineers must be able to evaluate both physical site risks (such as acidification of mine tailings and contamination of water bodies) and cultural risks (such as failing to identify all locations of cultural value).

How might we tackle such complicated projects? By properly engaging with traditional communities and by having diverse teams with multiple worldviews and experiences, along with strong technical skills. The broad field of ethical knowledge provides the skill sets to attempt to reconcile the diverse considerations.

Read more: Juukan Gorge inquiry puts Rio Tinto on notice, but without drastic reforms, it could happen again

Engineering students ethical development requires a holistic approach. One assessment suggested:

[] that institutions integrate ethics instruction throughout the formal curriculum, support use of varied approaches that foster highquality experiences, and leverage both influences of cocurricular experiences and students desires to engage in positive ethical behaviours.

The curriculum should include:

skills/expertise the underlying intellectual basis for discerning what is ethical and what is not, which is much more than codes of conduct or a prescriptive, formulaic approach

practice practical know-how in terms of ethical solutions that engineers can apply

mindset having an individual and group culture of acting ethically. The engineers problem-solving mindset must be supplemented by constant reflection on the decisions made and their ethical consequences.

Ethics is not an add-on subject. It must permeate all aspects of tertiary education teaching, research and professional behaviour.

While the arguments for acting now are strong, market realities will also drive the process. The upcoming generation will likely displace those who are slow or reluctant to adapt.

For instance, engineering firms are under pressure from their own staff on the issue of climate change. More than 1,900 Australian engineers and nearly 180 engineering organisations have signed a declaration committing them to evaluate all new projects against the need to mitigate climate change.

Future engineers must transcend any remaining single-solution mindsets from the past. Theyll need to embrace a much more complex and socially minded ethics. And that begins with their university education.

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Why we need engineers who study ethics as much as maths - The Conversation AU

How to Think not What to Think: the UNSW Document Outlining Engineering Ethics – Architecture and Design

A Vision Document published by the University of New South Wales seeks to champion Ethical Civil Infrastructure and Sustainable Environments and outlines that major problems in the building and construction industry have been evoking regulatory responses from various governments in Australia.

Published in the wake of the recent apartment building collapse in Miami, Florida, the document asks if the tragedy would have ever occurred if engineering ethics were upheld at every link in the supply chain. It also points out that legislative responses are commonly introduced when ethical practices have eroded or failed. The Opal Tower and Mascot Towers in Sydney, as well as the Neo200 block and Collins Arch project in Melbourne are further examples of poor engineering ethics.

One of the main aims of the Vision Document is to support a cultural shift within engineering education and the relevant engineering professions emphasising a value on the ethical rather than solely technical consideration.

The authors note that it is important to fully appreciate that professional engineering decisions are not constrained to highly formalised narrow technical tasks. They highlight the fact that modern problems of humanity that call for engineering solutions are increasingly complex and multifaceted involving conflicting demands.

Ethical decision-making goes beyond what is legal, acceptable or common. Something may well be legal but still be unethical depending on a particular viewpoint - for example the interaction of aquifers and agriculture.

An ethical professional decision is not merely based on what is allowed and/or technically valid, but also what is judged to be right and fair. Most critically, the deliberation must be conducted at the onset where it can influence decisions not after the fact to simply provide excuses.

The documents authors believe tertiary education is crucial in fostering an ethical culture throughout an engineers academic training, that can then follow through their progression in the profession.

The document hopes engineers ascertain ethical skills to solve novel problems which may have never been encountered previously. Ideally, teaching them how to think, not what to think in order to avoid disaster.

Image: Reuters

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How to Think not What to Think: the UNSW Document Outlining Engineering Ethics - Architecture and Design

How engineers fought the CAP theorem in the global war on latency – TechCrunch

CockroachDB EC-1 Part 2: Technical design

CockroachDB was intended to be a global database from the beginning. The founders of Cockroach Labs wanted to ensure that data written in one location would be viewable immediately in another location 10,000 miles away. The use case was simple, but the work needed to make it happen was herculean.

The company is betting the farm that it can solve one of the largest challenges for web-scale applications. The approach its taking is clever, but its a bit complicated, particularly for the non-technical reader. Given its history and engineering talent, the company is in the process of pulling it off and making a big impact on the database market, making it a technology well worth understanding. In short, theres value in digging into the details.

In part 1 of this EC-1, I provided a general overview and a look at the origins of Cockroach Labs. In this installment, Im going to cover the technical details of the technology with an eye to the non-technical reader. Im going to describe the CockroachDB technology through three questions:

Spencer Kimball, CEO and co-founder of Cockroach Labs, describes the situation this way:

Theres lots of other stuff you need to consider when building global applications, particularly around data management. Take, for example, the question and answer website Quora. Lets say you live in Australia. You have an account and you store the particulars of your Quora user identity on a database partition in Australia.

But when you post a question, you actually dont want that data to just be posted in Australia. You want that data to be posted everywhere so that all the answers to all the questions are the same for everybody, anywhere. You dont want to have a situation where you answer a question in Sydney and then you can see it in Hong Kong, but you cant see it in the EU. When thats the case, you end up getting different answers depending where you are. Thats a huge problem.

Reading and writing data over a global geography is challenging for pretty much the same reason that its faster to get a pizza delivered from across the street than from across the city. The essential constraints of time and space apply. Whether its digital data or a pepperoni pizza, the further away you are from the source, the longer stuff takes to get to you.

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How engineers fought the CAP theorem in the global war on latency - TechCrunch

University of Maryland engineers create new 3-D soft robotic hand – FOX 5 DC

UMD engineers create 3-D soft robotic hand

Ryan Sochol, Assistant Professor at the University of Maryland's Department of Mechanical Engineering, has worked at his soft robotics invention for six years.

COLLEGE PARK, Md. (FOX 5 DC) - Engineers at the University of Maryland are showing off a new kind of robot.

Ryan Sochol, Assistant Professor at the University of Maryland's Department of Mechanical Engineering, has worked at his soft robotics invention for six years.

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"Soft robotics is a pretty new field,"Sochol said. "It's only been around for about a decade or so."

Sochol and a team of UMD researchers worked to bring a 3-D soft robotic hand to fruition. Their invention has the potential of making biomedical devices much safer in the future.

MORE FROM FOX 5: Smithsonian to end reservation requirement for most museums

"The hope is by making our technology more accessible, that essentially anyone who has access to one of these typesof these kinds of printers, either themselves or through a printing service like we did,will beableto download our files for free and be able to immediately print any one of those designs or they can modify those designs," Sochol said. "And the hope is that by increasing access, that we are able to eventually accelerate advancement in this new area of soft robotics."

Sochol says working on the 3-D soft robotic hand has been one of the greatest accomplishments of his group and his professional life.

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University of Maryland engineers create new 3-D soft robotic hand - FOX 5 DC

Virginia 180th Engineers head to Louisiana for JRTC rotation – United States Army

FORT POLK, La. More than 50 Virginia National Guard Soldiers assigned to the 180th Engineer Company, 276th Engineer Battalion, 329th Regional Support Group, are supporting the Arkansas National Guard's 39th Infantry Brigade Combat Team during training July 10-Aug. 3.

Col. Paul Gravely, the Virginia Army National Guard G3 state operations officer, said the training was extremely important to build and maintain readiness.

"The evaluations conducted at JRTC are important for units to test and review their training management processes, and gives them the opportunity to participate in an exercise at the BCT level in the most realistic environment available for training," he said.

"This is a huge opportunity for our Soldiers to get some real training not only on their military occupational specialty, but other warrior aspects such as communications, and seeing how they as engineers impact the battlefield," said 1st Lt. Kevin Eddins, the 180th's executive officer. "Our Soldiers are used to only working in one small area during our weekend drills, and this training exercise will help them see how their skills fit in the larger picture."

The 180th will help the 39th build fighting positions and support tactical operations at the Joint Readiness Training Center in Fort Polk.

"At this point, our main mission is to support the 39th IBCT by digging infantry fighting positions, vehicle-fighting positions, and fortifying the battalion-sized tactical operations center while in the field," said Eddins. "We expect to fully utilize our digging assets the entire time to support the infantry and are hopeful that we will be gainfully employed the entire time."

The 180th will also employ its vertical capabilities to support the JRTC training scenario and Fort Polk's facilities.

"Our vertical section will conduct maintenance on the operations in a so-called 'civilian zone,' rebuilding critical infrastructure," said Eddins. "Some of the projects include rebuilding Fort Polk range infrastructure that needs to be repaired. The main focus will be on carpentry projects and will be rebuilding subfloors, stairs, and repair walls to range buildings in a simulated civilian zone."

For the mission, the 180th transported more than 30 pieces of heavy equipment via line haul to Fort Polk, including bulldozers, excavators, light-medium tactical vehicles, trailers and Humvees. The unit transported all of the equipment to Maneuver Training Center Fort Pickett, where the Maneuver Area Training Equipment Site staff helped load it onto trailers for line haul to Fort Polk.

"All of this wouldn't be possible without the MATES shop loading up all the line haul," Eddins said. "Thanks to Chief Warrant Officer 3 Jacob White and his crew for their help."

Eddins said lead-up training was vital after several months of remote drills because of the COVID-19 pandemic. Law enforcement support missions also kept them from practicing their engineer craft.

"When restrictions finally began to lift this past spring, we made training happen by getting all our equipment to Fort Pickett and spending 10-20 hours operating at landing zone castle over a period of two drills," explained Eddins. "Overall, it was definitely some of the best training our unit has been through over the last few years."

Eddins is confident the unit will use that training to complete its mission in Louisiana.

"Even though we a taking a minimum amount of Soldiers, we will still be operating at maximum capacity for engineers," said Eddins. "I know that they are capable and will rise to the occasion after overcoming so many obstacles to get here.

"In the future, this will definitely enable our unit to be a better engineer unit by giving our Soldiers experience, camaraderie, and building teamwork. In the event that we are called for deployment, this will give some of our younger Soldiers serving in leadership positions the necessary experience to practice their leadership, especially under stressful circumstances."

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Virginia 180th Engineers head to Louisiana for JRTC rotation - United States Army

In line with NEP, 14 engineering colleges to teach in regional languages – The Indian Express

Fourteen engineering colleges across eight states have secured permission from the All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE) to collectively admit over 1,000 students in undergraduate programmes that will be taught in regional languages from the new academic year.

At least half of them four from Uttar Pradesh, two from Rajasthan and one each from Madhya Pradesh and Uttarakhand will teach in Hindi. The remaining colleges from Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu will offer the programme in Telugu, Marathi, Bengali and Tamil, respectively.

The technical education regulators approval has been granted for select branches most of them are for computer science, followed by electrical and electronics engineering, civil engineering, mechanical engineering and information technology.

This is the first year that AICTE in line with provisions of the new National Education Policy (NEP) that calls for education in ones mother tongue as far as possible has permitted engineering colleges to offer B.Tech programmes in 11 regional languages (Hindi, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Gujarati, Malayalam and Bengali, Assamese, Punjabi and Oriya).

Last year in November, the Union Education Ministry had announced that would will push for technical education, especially engineering, in regional languages, starting from the 2021-22 academic year. The Ministry had also indicated that some of the top engineering schools such as the IITs and NITs might be among the first to implement this.

The response of the IITs to this announcement was lukewarm. Most were not in favour of the proposal, arguing that since the demography of students studying in IITs is diverse, offering B.Tech programmes in several regional languages would not be feasible.

Madhya Pradeshs Atal Bihari Vajpayee Hindi Vishwavidyalaya and Tamil Nadu's Anna University have done this in the past. But the initial response to the Vishwavidyalayas programmes was lukewarm since there wasn't enough reading material in Hindi for engineering students. Drawing from that experience, AICTE is now translating material.

However, the AICTE, based on the results of a sample survey, decided to give recognised colleges an option to offer engineering courses in vernacular languages.

Read | Education minister terms NEP guiding philosophy, calls for fast-tracking its implementation

Last week, Prime Minister Narendra Modi gave a fresh push to this NEP proposal in his address to 100 centrally-funded technical institutes. In his address, he emphasised the need to develop an ecosystem of technological education in Indian languages and to translate global journals into regional languages.

Speaking to The Indian Express, AICTE Chairman Anil Sahasrabudhe said the technical education regulator has already finished translating all video lectures on engineering on the Ministrys SWAYAM platform in eight regional languages. Content will soon be translated into Oriya, Assamese and Punjabi, too. SWAYAM hosts online open courses and lectures on engineering, science, humanities, management, language, mathematics, and commerce, among others.

Permission to teach engineering in regional languages has only been given to [National Board of Accreditation] NBA-accredited programmes. The translation of SWAYAM lectures for first-year students is complete and we are now roping in teachers to also translate existing textbooks and also write their own in regional languages, he told this newspaper.

We are aware of the market needs, which is why English will be studied as a language in the regional languages programmes. In all of our translated work we have ensured that the English names of the scientific concepts are retained, he added.

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In line with NEP, 14 engineering colleges to teach in regional languages - The Indian Express

Worldwide Architectural Engineering and Construction Solutions Industry to 2025 – Key Drivers, Challenges and Trends – -…

DUBLIN--(BUSINESS WIRE)--The "Global Architectural Engineering and Construction Solutions (AECS) Market 2021-2025" report has been added to's offering.

The publisher has been monitoring the architectural engineering and construction solutions (AECS) market and it is poised to grow by USD 3.13 billion during 2021-2025, progressing at a CAGR of almost 10% during the forecast period.

The report on architectural engineering and construction solutions (AECS) market provides a holistic analysis, market size and forecast, trends, growth drivers, and challenges, as well as vendor analysis covering around 25 vendors.

The report offers an up-to-date analysis regarding the current global market scenario, latest trends and drivers, and the overall market environment. The market is driven by the growth of global construction market, reduction in design time, and increasing requirements for large-scale project management.

The architectural engineering and construction solutions (AECS) market analysis includes product segment, deployment segment, and geographic landscape. This study identifies the increasing popularity of cloud-based AEC solutions as one of the prime reasons driving the architectural engineering and construction solutions (AECS) market growth during the next few years. Also, increasing investment in intelligent processing and growth of 5D BIM will lead to sizable demand in the market.

Companies Mentioned

The report on architectural engineering and construction solutions (AECS) market covers the following areas:

The study was conducted using an objective combination of primary and secondary information including inputs from key participants in the industry. The report contains a comprehensive market and vendor landscape in addition to an analysis of the key vendors.

The publisher presents a detailed picture of the market by the way of study, synthesis, and summation of data from multiple sources by an analysis of key parameters such as profit, pricing, competition, and promotions. It presents various market facets by identifying the key industry influencers. The data presented is comprehensive, reliable, and a result of extensive research - both primary and secondary. The market research reports provide a complete competitive landscape and an in-depth vendor selection methodology and analysis using qualitative and quantitative research to forecast the accurate market growth.

Key Topics Covered:

1. Executive Summary

2. Market Landscape

3. Market Sizing

4. Five Forces Analysis

5. Market Segmentation by Product

6. Market Segmentation by Deployment

7. Customer landscape

8. Geographic Landscape

9. Vendor Landscape

10. Vendor Analysis

11. Appendix

For more information about this report visit

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Worldwide Architectural Engineering and Construction Solutions Industry to 2025 - Key Drivers, Challenges and Trends - -...

Jeremi London receives NSF CAREER award to break down engineering education barriers –

At the intersection of change, impact, diversity, equity, and inclusion, stands an assistant professor from the Department of Engineering Education at Virginia Tech: Jeremi London. With her recent National Science Foundation CAREER grant, London is poised to tackle one of todays most pressing questions for engineering: Who gets to be an engineer?

One of my favorite professors at Purdue always said research is autobiographical, said London, who was named a 2021 Outstanding New Assistant Professor.

Theres a reason why I, with my unique combination of background and interests, am fascinated by this problem," she said. "And Im inspired by the late Congressman John Lewis, always wondering what kind of good trouble can I get into?

Londons focus for the CAREER grant is creating a comprehensive change model for broadening participation and reshaping how engineering colleges approach diversity, equity, and inclusion efforts. She hopes to replace periodic gains with long-term, systemic change.

To these ends, London will design a unique document outlining the model in an ultra practical and accessible format, she said.

I literally see the Impact Toolkit as a playbook, but in a way that can be the form of reflective exercises, issues to consider, policies to revamp, and more, London said. I want it to showcase how to use the concrete insights I learn from the case studies of the exemplars. Each case study will be centered on the best practices associated with five areas within any college of engineering: admissions, financial aid, curriculum, student and faculty interactions, and campus experiences.

Utilizing data collected by the American Society for Engineering Education, London identified universities that consistently awarded engineering bachelors degrees to the most Black and brown engineers over the past three years.

For her CAREER study, shell look at Florida International University, Morgan State University, University of Central Florida, University of Maryland-Baltimore County, and University of Maryland-College Park.

Im excited and encouraged to see a variety of institutions, because I dont want to say everyone needs to go to a Hispanic-serving institution, or a historical Black college or university, she said. I want to make sure, regardless of what youre interested in, its possible for you to access an engineering education and to excel well while youre there.

The minimum requirement to become an engineer is an undergraduate degree, and according to London, thats the key to diversifying the engineering workforce. Despite making up 13 percent of the United States population, less than 5 percent of engineers are Black or African American.

Changing policies, revisiting financial aid approaches, and examining priorities are all practical changes London believes will ensure the next generation of engineering educators can disrupt the status quo to achieve parity. Shes partnered with Virginia Techs College of Engineering and College of Science to implement her grant findings and anticipates building more partnerships over the next five years.

Jeremi is an exceptionally committed and talented scholar, who brings a breadth of experience and perspective to her work, said Jenni Case, head of the Department of Engineering Education. She also already has a strong national profile for her research on impact. Of particular significance is that Jeremi will be kicking off her CAREER proposal in the same year that she takes on the leadership for the ASEE Year of Impact on Racial Equity. This is an opportunity for an incredible blend of research and practice, and Jeremi is really well placed to do this.

As a Black woman engineer, London sees striving to diversify engineering in the face of centuries of systemic racism as more than a personal responsibility.

I not only feel a sense of duty and obligation, but I also feel a sense of agency, London said. Part of that agency comes from the long, rich heritage of the amazing things Black, African Americans and brown people have done. Those are the people that remind me that by my choice, I too, can influence the story others tell about me and I hope to always tell a story of impact.

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Jeremi London receives NSF CAREER award to break down engineering education barriers -