Category Archives: Engineering

Elementary students test their engineering skills with Mayflower project – williamsonherald.com

Just before Thanksgiving break, Miss Kristen Hoods class at Clovercroft Elementary School spent the end of their Friday building the Mayflower.

In actuality, the Mayflowers were small, tinfoil replicas. Throughout the classroom, 18 students paired off to use their STEM skills to create a building plan on paper before constructing their boats.

Weve read the story where the pilgrims landed and then we read another short story about the Mayflower, Hood said. Theyre learning how to be an engineer, so were trying to incorporate, best we can, 21st century skills in our classroom.

Each pair of students drew what they wanted their end product to look like and then went to work folding, crimping and crumpling their sheets of aluminum foil into their desired shape. The goal was to bring their finished product over to the water-filled sink and toss in pennies one by one to see if it could hold 102, representing the number of passengers on the Mayflower.

Willow and Amryn were partners on the project, and their strategy was to make the sides of their boat high since the water was high too. That way, if the boat drops down, the water wont rush inside. The two said they practiced the project at home, but they were not confident about their boats ability to hold all the coins.

Willow (left) and Amryn decided to build up the sides of their boat so as to not let any water in if the boat dipped down.

Ella and Macys Mayflower didnt look like a traditional boat. It was more like a raft with shallow sides, like an aluminum tray. However, they tossed pennies on one at a time, their out-loud counting becoming more and more enthusiastic with every dozen pennies until they reached 102. They even wanted to keep adding coins after they reached their goal.

Ellas (left) and Macys raft-like boat held 102 pennies, representing the number of passengers on the Mayflower, but truthfully couldve held more without sinking.

Others created boats that looked like they could be worn as hats or like they had contained a baked potato.

The students buzzed around the classroom until their project was complete, some of them naming their boats (one pair settled on burrito bowl), some of them quiet and focused until the day was over and they returned home for Thanksgiving week, perhaps to build more Mayflowers at home.

Isabella (right) and Briana modeled their Mayflower like a classic paper sailboat.

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Elementary students test their engineering skills with Mayflower project - williamsonherald.com

The Global Engineering Plastics Market is expected to grow by $ 43.00 bn during 2020-2024 progressing at a CAGR of 8% during the forecast period -…

New York, Nov. 23, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Reportlinker.com announces the release of the report "Global Engineering Plastics Market 2020-2024" - https://www.reportlinker.com/p05096284/?utm_source=GNW Our reports on engineering plastics market provides a holistic analysis, market size and forecast, trends, growth drivers, and challenges, as well as vendor analysis covering around 25 vendors. The report offers an up-to-date analysis regarding the current global market scenario, latest trends and drivers, and the overall market environment. The market is driven by the demand for replacements of metals and fiber glass and increasing demand from automobile industry. In addition, demand for replacements of metals and fiber glass is anticipated to boost the growth of the market as well. The engineering plastics market analysis includes type segment and geographical landscapes

The engineering plastics market is segmented as below: By Type ABS PA Fluoropolymer Others

By Geographical Landscapes APAC North America Europe South America MEA

This study identifies the growing recycling techniques as one of the prime reasons driving the engineering plastics market growth during the next few years.

The analyst presents a detailed picture of the market by the way of study, synthesis, and summation of data from multiple sources by an analysis of key parameters. Our engineering plastics market covers the following areas: Engineering plastics market sizing Engineering plastics market forecast Engineering plastics market industry analysis

Read the full report: https://www.reportlinker.com/p05096284/?utm_source=GNW

About ReportlinkerReportLinker is an award-winning market research solution. Reportlinker finds and organizes the latest industry data so you get all the market research you need - instantly, in one place.

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The Global Engineering Plastics Market is expected to grow by $ 43.00 bn during 2020-2024 progressing at a CAGR of 8% during the forecast period -...

Start 2021 as an electrical engineer with this training for less than $20 – Boing Boing

Considering how 2020 has played out, it feels like making resolutions about what you hope for in 2021 is a little underwhelming. Under the circumstances, you may need something a little stronger than a simple New Year's Eve promise to achieve your goals.

If your job situation isn't the greatest right now, consider this: starting electrical engineers with less than a year of experience have an average annual salary over $88,000. On top of the healthy paycheck, the need for men and women who understand electricity requirements and how to facilitate them should remain a very marketable skill for years and years to come.

The training in The Electrical and Circuits Engineering Certification Bundle can get you started down that bright career path. Throughout the 13 courses packed into this mega-bundle, learners get a firm foundation in all the basics, including everything from electrical systems and circuits to machinery, power generation, and more.

This bundle starts with the Basic Concepts and Basic Laws of Electric Circuits course. Even if you've never done any serious electrical training before, this introduction provides the fundamentals any new engineering student needs to know, including foundational concepts around current, voltage, power, and energy. Newbies also explore some basic laws of electrical circuits like resistance, conductance, KVL, KCL, and more.

Armed with those basics, the supporting coursework delves into other major disciplines, so a new electrical engineer is versed in how to handle power delivery systems of any size. Four courses cover different types of power electronic switches, including uncontrolled, semi-controlled, and fully controlled switches. Rectifiers, inverters, and AC and DC choppers may sound like another language now, but with these courses, their role in directing and regulating power becomes clear.

You will learn how both DC and synchronously-powered motors are run, and how each affects machine electricity flow. Students also get some very practical examinations of how a house's electrical system drives everything from fire alarms to phone systems. You'll also get the other end of the spectrum, with a full overview of how to deal with high voltage operations, including how the power plant in your community creates and distributes electricity.

Normally, this career-redefining training is a nearly $1,300 value. But, when you use the early Black Friday access pricing happening right now, you can save an extra 70% off the already discounted total. Entering the promo code BFSAVE70 during checkout cuts your final price down to less than a tank of gas, just $18.

Prices are subject to change.

Do you have your stay-at-home essentials? Here are some you may have missed.

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Start 2021 as an electrical engineer with this training for less than $20 - Boing Boing

Tech has overtaken engineering as Bristol’s fastest-growing industry with more than $1.07bn invested in the city since 2014 – Business Leader

Bristol City Centre

Tech is now Bristols dominant industry, boasting the most jobs and higher-than-average salaries across the board according to new data by Tech Nation, the UK network for ambitious tech entrepreneurs, and job search engine Adzuna.

The south west city, which is considered one of the best places to live and work in the UK, is growing in popularity as a tech city. The average IT salary in Bristol is 51,685, over 15,000 more than the general average salary for the city at 36,171. There are currently 1,965 IT-related job openings, the highest of any industry in Bristol, with logistics and warehouse coming in second with 1,840, and a total of 1,315 engineering roles available.

Bristols tech scene has undergone a healthy year of growth despite the coronavirus pandemic. Startups and scale-ups in Bristol have raised a collective $1.07bn in VC investment since 2014 as it seeks to compete with other growing regional tech hubs including Oxford and Edinburgh. This burgeoning industry is helped in part by strong links with the University of Bristol, which is in the top 10 universities in the UK for producing companies, with a total of 130 companies spun out of the university, including Ziylo, a biotech company which uses tech to treat diabetes more effectively, which was sold to Novo Nordisk in 2018 for 623m.

The city is also gaining a reputation for its impact-focused startups. Vertical farming startup LettUs Grow has been named as one to watch whilst green energy company Ovo Energy became a certified unicorn last year.

Haptic technology company Ultraleap and cybersecurity startup Immersive Labs are predicted to join Ovo and semiconductor company Graphcore as Bristols next unicorns.

Overall, there are now 430 tech companies in Bristol which employ over 8,000 people. Along with startups, big tech firms such as Nokia, BT, Vodafone, Oracle and Amazon all have offices in the city. Oracle is the employer with the most job openings in the city, with 31 IT vacancies, followed by Sanderson Weatherall with 23 and BT at 15. The most advertised roles in Bristol are software developers, engineers and project managers, with software engineers commanding an average salary of 58,070.

Those living in Bristol are catching on to the demands from employers. According to data from the online higher education platform upGrad, there has been a 34% increase over the last year in people in Bristol acquiring python skills, whilst there has also been a 28% increase in people listing analytical skills on their CVs. Whilst hiring and retaining skilled staff is a key issue for many startups looking to grow, there is a clear energy for education and retraining in the city.

The figures on how Bristols tech industry is flourishing are published as the Governments Digital Economy Council and Tech Nation host a digital roundtable on 24 November to discuss the challenges facing the tech sector as it works to create jobs and help the region recover from the impact of the coronavirus on jobs.

The virtual lunchtime discussion, hosted by Saul Klein, founding partner of LocalGlobe, is one in a series of roundtables taking part with tech executives, investors and entrepreneurs across the country. Local companies, investors, university representatives and other ecosystem participants will be brought together to learn, share and collaborate on the challenges posed on the pandemic. The learnings will be fed back to the DCMS (Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport).

Dr Geroge Windsor, Head of Insights at Tech Nation said: Bristol is a special part of the UKs tech industry thanks to its strong robotics and microelectronics background. This new data demonstrates how important tech is to the city and wider south west region in providing jobs and higher-than-average salaries. This event will be a great opportunity to hear from those in the local tech community on how to ensure Bristol continues to flourish.

Andrew Hunter, co-founder at Adzuna said: With a mixture of homegrown startups and established tech giants, tech workers in Bristol have their pick of employment opportunities. Despite the challenges of 2020, tech has proven to be resilient as long as there is enough skilled talent to go around. This will be a crucial challenge for Bristols tech companies over the next year.

Nigel Toon, CEO at Graphcore said: Entrepreneurship, particularly in technology, is flourishing in Bristol. And its not just early stage companies that call this city home; a growing number of businesses are running multi-national, multi-billion dollar operations out of Bristol. That means an ever-increasing talent base that will, in turn, create the next generation of Bristol-based success stories.

James Hadley, CEO at Immersive Labs said: Headquartering in Bristol was a great choice. We have access to some of the best technical and creative talent in the country and get to be in the middle of a vibrant, fun, progressive city. Bristol has so much to offer, and it has been a privilege to grow in such an exciting place and alongside other inclusive, agile tech companies.

Jack Farmer, co-founder at LettUs Grow: Its been a slightly strange, but very exciting year of organisational growth here at LettUs Grow. Safe to say that no one saw a pandemic coming at the start of 2020, but Im really proud of how resilient and effective the team has been in adapting to this evolving situation whilst building our R&D facility and bringing our Drop & Grow product line to market. Were really excited about how our technology and industry are now poised to play a key part in the adaptation of the UK food system to the twin short-term challenges of Covid and Brexit, and the long term challenge of climatic change.

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Tech has overtaken engineering as Bristol's fastest-growing industry with more than $1.07bn invested in the city since 2014 - Business Leader

Datafold raises seed from NEA to keep improving the lives of data engineers – TechCrunch

Data engineering is one of these new disciplines that has gone from buzzword to mission critical in just a few years. Data engineers design and build all the connections between sources of raw data (your payments information or ad-tracking data or what have you) and the ultimate analytics dashboards used by business executives and data scientists to make decisions. As data has exploded, so has their challenge of doing this key work, which is why a new set of tools has arrived to make data engineering easier, faster and better than ever.

One of those tools is Datafold, a YC-backed startup I covered just a few weeks ago as it was preparing for its end-of-summer Demo Day presentation.

Well, that Demo Day presentation and the companys trajectory clearly caught the eyes of investors, since the startup locked in $2.1 million in seed funding from NEA, the company announced this morning.

As I wrote back in August:

With Datafold, changes made by data engineers in their extractions and transformations can be compared for unintentional changes. For instance, maybe a function that formerly returned an integer now returns a text string, an accidental mistake introduced by the engineer. Rather than wait until BI tools flop and a bunch of alerts come in from managers, Datafold will indicate that there is likely some sort of problem, and identify what happened.

Definitely read our profile if you want to learn more about the product and origin story.

Not a whole heck of a lot has changed over the past few weeks (some new features, some new customers), but with more money in its billfold, Datafold is going to keep on growing, hiring and taking on the world of data engineering.

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Datafold raises seed from NEA to keep improving the lives of data engineers - TechCrunch

First-year engineering classes for Anna University affiliated colleges take the e-way from today – The New Indian Express

Express News Service

CHENNAI: First-semesterclasses for undergraduate engineering programmes in colleges affiliated to Anna University will begin on Monday. Owing to the lockdown, preparation to train the newcomers has taken a new digital spin this year.

Increasing the bandwidth of college Internet, signing up for mass membership to virtual labs, equipping teachers with tablets or laptops and having digital mentor ship programmes are some new adaptations of colleges.

This academic year, the university released the revised academic calendar. While orientation programmes started in the second week of this month, full-fledged technical classes will start on Monday for first semester engineering students.

The first semester exam which happens in December each year, may happen in February 2021. We have increased the bandwidth of internet connection. All our teachers already have a tablet, said Sai Prakash Leo Muthu, CEO, Sairam Institutions.

Senior students have already had personal interaction with their teachers and peers and teachers have been privy to their strengths and weaknesses before moving to online classes. Sairam Institutions introduced an online mentorship programme where each teacher has been allotted 15 students to mentor, said Leo Muthu. G Maheswaran, an associate professor from Chennai Institute of Technology said that the orientation programme was used to bring students out of the school mindset.

One of the common problems faced is to recreate laboratory experience. Many colleges have signed up for virtual labs.

We subscribed for mass membership for a virtual lab so that students do not lose out on the experimenting experience, said the head of the mechanical engineering department from an engineering college. Another problem many colleges faced was teaching maths online.

Some colleges have conducted training for their mathematics faculty on various chrome softwares that can be used as virtual boards. Others have a classroom with equipment to live telecast the class. Colleges which have spread up to the digital learning are located in tier I cities. Some teachers, on condition of anonymity, said that many of their students have very flaky internet connections.

We dont know if online classes will work for a very long time, said assistant professor from engineering college.

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First-year engineering classes for Anna University affiliated colleges take the e-way from today - The New Indian Express

TRIPLE EIGHT BATHURST WINNING ENGINEER TO JOIN WAU – Auto Action

Triple Eight Bathurst winning Race Engineer to join Walkinshaw Andretti United Photo: Supplied

Bathurst winner Shane van Gisbergens race engineer, Grant McPherson, is set to leave Triple Eight Race Engineering to join Walkinshaw Andretti United for 2021.

By DAMION SMY

In a significant coup for Walkinshaw, the move strengthens the Victorian teams already considerable engineering arsenal and sees McPherson leave the Red Bull team having engineered van Gisbergens recent 2020 Bathurst win.

McPherson has been Car 97s engineer since 2016, when van Gisbergen took his maiden and currently sole Supercars title, after starting at Red Bull Racing in 2015 where he engineered Craig Lowndes 888 Commodore, including the Holden stars sixth Bathurst victory.

McPherson also spent seven years at Ford Performance Racing where he worked with drivers including Will Davison and Mark Winterbottom, among others.

In a new role, McPherson will add to the talented engineering squad at the Clayton-based team, which saw race engineer Adam De Borre join with Chaz Mostert from Tickford for 2020 and is not expected to replace any of the existing engineering staff.

A source from the team said the move is part of its continued push to the front of the Supercar field: We want to win championships.

McPherson joins technical director Carl Faux, Rob Starr and Terry Kerr at Walkinshaw in a formidable brain trust of engineering experience and know-how, with a concerted effort including the arrival of Mostert and De Borre in a revitalised team for 2020.

In a compounded 2020 Supercars championship, Mostert finished fifth in overall in his first year with the Holden team, with highlights including second place at the season-opener in Adelaide, a Pole Position at The Bend and a Bathurst podium with co-driver Warren Luff.

Bryce Fullwood has also been re-signed for 2021 following a strong rookie year with the team.

Triple Eight Racing has not yet confirmed the move, with a replacement for McPherson is yet to be determined on the highly fancied No 97 ZB Commodore.

For more of the latest Supercars newspick up the current issue of Auto Action. Also make sure you follow us on social mediaFacebook,Twitter,Instagramor ourweekly email newsletterfor all the latest updates between issues.

Date posted: November 24, 2020

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TRIPLE EIGHT BATHURST WINNING ENGINEER TO JOIN WAU - Auto Action

Daewoo Engineering and Construction and SPH Engineering disclose AI partnership – sUAS News

Riga, Latvia November 16, 2020 SPH Engineering announces the cooperation withDaewoo Engineering and Construction to support the partners data management projects with ATLAS, a unique AI platform enabling aerial imagery storage, maps creation, change tracking, object detection and territory segmentation. Photogrammetry data is expected to become one of the key components for storage and processing.

ATLAS will enable Daewoo Engineering and Construction, in particular, to set up an onlinearchive of drone imagery and photogrammetry products, track changes and generate reports, automate object detection and measure the identified objects of interest. Thanks to enhanced analytical capability for drone inspections, the platform will increase data availability for participants of construction workflow and help to save days of manual processing.

ATLAS can be definitely used in various fields, but it will be a groundbreaking platform,especially in the field of construction survey. Were going to grow further together,Geunmok Song(Alex), Digital construction team manager of Daewoo Engineering andConstruction, comments.

When we introduced ATLAS back in spring, first of all we wanted to support our existingUgCS customers with an easy-to-use AI tool to store and process data collected with oursoftware integrated to a UAV. We are proud that Daewoo Engineering and Construction, the representative of Korea, has opted for our solution: the company has presented various ideas from the perspective of the actual construction company employee. We are happy to modify ATLAS interface for Daewoos style and needs, including colour and logo adjustments,

Alexei Yankelevich, R&D Director of SPH Engineering, adds.

About SPH Engineering/ ATLAS

SPH Engineering (sph-engineering.com) is the worlds premier UgCS software, developerand integration services provider for unmanned aerial systems. Founded in 2013 in Latvia, the company has created a rich global customer network while over 45% of customers are located in North America. Its developed UgCS, UgCS CC, UgCS Mapper, Drone Show Software, and Industrial Integration Solutions for UAV with Echo Sounders, Ground Penetrating Radars (GPR), Methane detectors, and Magnetometers, enriched with radar/laser altimeters, are applied across a wide range of industries worldwide. The newest product line is ATLAS a unique digital platform enabling aerial imagery storage, maps creation, object detection/counting and making territory segmentation.

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Daewoo Engineering and Construction and SPH Engineering disclose AI partnership - sUAS News

9 Engineers on the Hardest Song They Ever Mixed – Vulture

The ins and outs of making great entertainment.

Brent Kolatalo in his studio. Photo: Courtesy of Brent Kolatalo

Mixing is one of the most undersung jobs in music. While the artists and producers get the credit, the engineers work taking a songs raw materials such as vocal tracks and instrumentals, and polishing them into something that sparkles is often what makes a good song great, or a great song classic. It can be a mammoth technological undertaking that involves shaping hundreds of disparate sounds into one cohesive melody, a task that even the most cutting-edge technology cant always help. Beyond having a good ear and the skill set to adjust audio levels, engineers need to be creative, willing to take both direction and risks. Theres balancing the particular demands of artists, their teams, and their labels, all while pushing through the strains of quick deadlines while battling self-doubt.

Sometimes you will hear something and just think, Man, the production is amazing, but what you might not know is that behind the scenes, a mixer was given something they didnt really have a lot to work with, says Howard Redekopp, a Juno Awardwinning producer and mixer whos worked with Tegan and Sara, the New Pornographers, and many others. She or he might have been frustrated going, This is a brilliant song, but I wish that there were more ingredients, so they concoct parts or heavily manipulate whats there to turn it into this magical thing. It goes the other way, too a lot of great production can get lost if it goes through a meat-grinder mix.

To understand why thats the case, we spoke with nine prominent mix engineers in a number of genres about the toughest songs they tackled, be it because of picky performers or overwhelming stress and, in one case, a nearly devastating fire.

The combination of an unrealistic deadline and demo-itis (which is when the client falls in love with the sound of their demo) is a classic recipe for a mixing nightmare. Thats what happened to me when I was hired to mix Borderline for Gallant.

The song was set to be an exclusive single for Red Bulls music label but they needed the final mix turned in the next day no exceptions. It was already late evening by the time I received the audio files and my instructions were to make it sound like the demo but more alive and, of course, better. My anxiety level was pretty high already, but what put it into manic overdrive was realizing all the vocal files were already drenched with reverbs and delays, and completely overly compressed. Thats basically tying one arm behind the mix engineers back and still expecting them to hit a homer against Clayton Kershaw. There wasnt much I could do to it the sound was locked in.

I tried getting the raw vocal files but it was too late, so I mixed what I had and hoped for the best. After 14 hours, seven revisions, and the sun starting to creep out, I started to realize my best might not be good enough this time. They ended up using my instrumental mix for the song but went with the original demo vocal. It was a bit of a Frankensteined version and, truthfully, an ego blow. But they were happy with the end result and thats all that mattered.

At the end of the day, mixing can be a very subjective thing, because everyone has a different definition of what technically sounds better. Your client may like an overcompressed, extremely bright vocal sound, and I might think thats the most ear-fatiguing sound in the world. But whos really right in the end?Well, the client is, and its your job to get whatever sound theyre hearing in their head.

I have a place with a full studio in Playas, Ecuador, where I go to work and rebalance. Ive done work from there for BTS and their label Big Hit, and two days after finishing a track for another one of their artists, TXT, a fire broke out on the 14th floor of my building, directly below us. Someone left a cheap phone charger plugged in for a week, it burned out the socket, and expanded from there. My wife and I were home, we own floors 17 and 18, and once I saw smoke, I dropped everything, grabbed her, ran out, and closed every fire door down 18 flights to the ground. We got out and watched the building burn another five minutes and we wouldve been trapped. My studio was fine there was some smoke damage, our windows cracked, and some curtains melted. Its a miracle more of the building didnt go up. Then the call came to mix the BTS single Interlude: Shadow, and of course they need it right away.

After the fire, the owner of a nearby suite on the beach heard about it and let me stay there, right on the water. My studio was 18 floors up with no working elevator or electricity. I moved my whole thing across the parking lot to the beach, climbing up and down 18 floors with heavy gear for two days. The beach suite was like a reflective box that added reverb, so I soundproofed it as much as I could with cushions from my apartment and blankets that I hung on mic stands. It looked ridiculous but it worked. Great headphones were the true lifesaver.

Mixing in the room was great, actually the beach view was exceptionally inspiring but the real challenge beyond mixing in a reflective box is that Interlude has three distinct sections, and well over 100 tracks, so I basically had to mix three songs. On top of all the other challenges, I had to figure out how theyd go best from one section to the next with completely different sounds and vocals, so it was a lot of time and care and referencing other BTS mixes Id done to make sure it had the dramatic spirit of my favorites.

Interlude: Shadow features Suga, but Ive worked on BTS tunes that showcase all seven members, so you can imagine leads, counter leads, background vocals, harmonies, counter harmonies, stacked by multiple singers and rappers. It can be north of 200 tracks to mix for one song luckily, their producers are genius and the whole group is incredibly talented and organized. I love those mixes, because you always want to be challenged to make sure that youre as good as you think you are. Those are the super tests. You just work with it until each of the individual sections feels like a record that sounds the way you envisioned it to sound.

Ye and I have been working together since right after Jay ZsThe Blueprint. I got the call to mix Stronger on a Saturday night: Ye wants to go into the studio tomorrow. Its the first single on the new album. I try not to work on Sundays thats family day but I went in and brought my son, who was 4 or 5 at the time. Hes sitting next to me I let him play with a bucket of faders on the console that I wasnt using and I dive in and mix it in a few hours. Kanye listened to it a few times and goes, Man, sounds great. Just send it to me, so I did.

I went to New York to work with Alicia Keys for almost a month and Im thinking,I didnt hear anything from Yes camp, whether it was good or bad. Thats kind of odd.Then I get a call, Hey, man. We want to revisit Stronger. Ye likes your mix but he wants to try a few other things. I go in, learn that he and Mike Dean, the co-producer, had added a few synths, and I mix that. I get another call a week later: Can you do that again? I did that about three or four times. Two or three months later, they call me back and say, He still wants to mess with it. So, we go back.

Im sitting there, and Ill never forget this moment where Ye is pacing right behind me. Im like, Man, youre making me really nervous. Will you just stop and sit and lets just work on it? And hes like, Man, its not right. Its not right. I gotta tell you, out of all the mixes Ive ever done, Ive never, ever quit. But after so many updates, so much chasing, I was literally about to tell him that I didnt think I was the right guy for the mix. Im about to cut the cord when I hit the external button on the console and it happened to play a different version of the mix. As hes pacing, he goes, Wait, thats it! What is that? The file had the date on it and Im like, That was the first we mix we did on that Sunday. He says, Thats the mix! Ten minutes later, I was done.

It was frustrating, but later, I found out Im glad I didnt know this at the time that 12 people mixed it and he was unhappy with all of them and the one I did in three hours ended up being the final. One thing about Ye is, he really is a visionary. I think, for him, it was more about the journey of experimenting with other sounds and textures. That was what he had to do creatively. I think mine ended up being the winner because I treated the sample like an instrument I did about 150 volume and frequency tweaks so Yes voice is always the star but when he wasnt saying anything, it was the hypnotic sample.

The challenge was second-guessing yourself through the process. You go through, I suck. I am terrible. I cant get it, because youre constantly searching for something that exists in someone elses mind. Then, all of a sudden, like the Red Sea parts and boom, there it is. Its pretty amazing to experience. Funny story, my wife was in the car and my son was in the backseat, and Stronger came on the radio. He kept saying, Mom! I mixed this song! So, the joke in the house is that, because I gave him the console to play with, he mixed Stronger. Its one of my favorite songs ever.

This song was written just after Shawn had released his sophomore album,Illuminate, and became a radio single and the first track on the deluxe version. It was nice to work in sort of a vacuum with the time frame, because we had freedom to experiment. There were no prompts on finishing it, but it was a puzzle that took us six weeks to crack.

Part of that was because the song was delivered to me in Pro Tools, which is sort of the industry-standard software but not one I normally use. I was way out of my element but there was something about it that kind of forced me to listen more. Its like you lose one sense and you gain another.

Teddy Geiger was the main producer, and when I got the song Id say it was about 60 percent done. There were six of us, including Shawn, giving notes on all the revisions so it was a real collaboration. I have my own tricks and ideas, but its about what the artist and the team want, so I followed everyones suggestions. The version that was given to me felt great it was clearly a great song, the performance was amazing but there was something about the sonics that werent gelling or feeling natural. We spent weeks experimenting with different combinations of elements and adding things and reducing things changing where the kick drum came in and the bridge and what ad-lib was interjecting at what point in the final chorus there was a lot to try, and we tried it all.

Shawn is really good at tapping into what the listener is going to be drawn to the most. We ended up integrating a lot of new vocal layers and ad-libs in the final chorus of the song, which were not recorded when we started doing the mixing. He was recording them in his apartment in Toronto and sending them to me via Dropbox. There was even a moment where we were FaceTiming and I would hold my phone up to my computer screen so he could see me running Pro Tools. He would be like, Wait, move it one bar left. Okay, add some delay, like a virtual in-person session.

The section that was the most confusing was what Id call the post-chorus drop, where the beat kicks in, theres the acoustic guitar hook, and the refrain lyric, Theres nothing holdin me back. That section was the spot that felt the least compelling in the version as I started working on it,andthe section that needed to be the biggest. I have to give Shawn credit about three-quarters of the way into the process, he said, Lets just mute everything but these elements. That was the rhythm guitar, the drums, the lead vocal, and that looping guitar hook. We tossed everything else out the window and it just came alive. Finally, we knew it was right.

Normally Im a pretty fast mixer Im generally in the two-and-a-half to five-hour range for a song, at the max. Walk the Moons Anna Sun took me days. It was a breakthrough song for Walk the Moon and really set them up for their second album. I really wanted to knock it out of the park for them, and I think we got there.

It took as long as it did because the bands A&R guy, David Walter, came to me with three different versions of the song. Two were at the same tempo but with different arrangements, and then there was the bands original demo, which was two bpm slower. There were things he liked from every version, but getting everybody playing the same sections at the same time at the same tempo was a challenge right off the bat.

There was a main track that we use most of the instruments from except I used the intro drums from the demo. There was the video version, which was a different arrangement, which had some nice keyboards and effects. They had three different arrangements of the bridge, and I liked parts of each one, but still not the whole bridge concept, so some of that went into the outro. I had to use a time-stretch tool, Pitch N Time, that allowed me to put the different sections in the same bpm without it sounding like grainy crap or a sped-up Chipmunks feel. I think it was probably a week of going back-and-forth with David before we got to show this Frankenmix to the band.

Around that same period, because bands were able to record at home, I would get a lot of labels going, Well, we redid all this but theres still stuff from the demo that we love. How can you make these two sound the same? The easiest way is to give me the demo parts! Here, we could keep the professional, big sound but still pick the demo parts that were just too raw. In this case, a lot of that was the lead vocal. Its that energy youve just written the song and youre recording it for the first time.

Nick Petricca, the singer, had a certain excitement there and sometimes thats hard to reproduce, especially with a young band. If I did my job right, hopefully, nobody could tell the difference in the final mix. As I remember, they were excited to hear all those elements put together, because I dont think they ever imagined that they could do that.

What makes a mix really good is not how you mix it, its how you record it. Thats what I was taught through my dad [legendary guitarist and recording innovator Les Paul].

Once, I was doing a session with Aretha and the drummer Bernard Purdies mic fell on the hi-hat in the middle of the take. I got up and Im running to get in the studio and fix it. I go by Jerry Wexler, a big producer at Atlantic, and he turns to me and says, Where are you going? I say, Im gonna go fix the mic before we take the next one. He said, That was it. I stared at Wexler and thought he was insane, but they didnt give a shit about imperfections. All they cared about was how it felt. Today, were getting further and further away from what happens between the instruments, and, with technology, closer and closer to perfection. That shouldnt get in the way of music. That was part of my learning process.

The first song that came to mind when thinking about a tough mix was not the most difficult it was Roberta Flacks Killing Me Softly With His Song, because the label didnt want to put it out. It was done with basically everybody in the room at the same time with Roberta doing a pilot vocal. We did her lead and the backing vocals later. The magic in that room was something I experienced maybe a dozen times in my life. It went as smooth as smooth can be, and when we took it up to the front office, they hated it. Roberta couldnt stand it.

All of us were sitting there like, What did we do wrong? This is perfect. The first thing they said was, Oh, my God. The kick drum is way too loud! That was their biggest bitch. Its funny telling this story now when all music is based on the foot the kick drum is the star and the guest appearance is the artist. But back then, it was just frightening how the impact of it felt.

So, we had to go back and remix it three or four more times, weeks of labor. We finished the other mixes, and they said, Well, were gonna put out the original mix or we take it off the album. And that kick was the whole key to the tune. That was it. That was the magic of it. Thats why, after we did all the other takes for them, we went back to the original. It was just traditional and brilliant, plain and simple. Roberta didnt care for it, but when she picked the Grammy up, it was the greatest idea she ever had.

As a mixing engineer, one of my first clients was Diplo, and in the early 2010s, I started working with him on several projects. Hes an eclectic producer, jumping from super-pop songs to something very underground, and Im very in line with that approach. Im very happy to jump into different styles, and with projects, I really need to understand the story behind it, what the goal is. One of the first projects Diplo threw me was Snoop Doggs Reincarnated, which he was producing. He wanted me to put my stamp on it as Snoop went from West Coast hip-hop to dancehall, but first I had to get the job.

They did the single Lighters Up and Snoop said, Look, I worked with an engineer that did everything for me from back in the Dre time to everything. The label had engineers and there was me, so Snoop decided to have four mixes of the song done, pick the best, and from that point on, that guy would mix the entire album. Usually, I dont do those type of spec things, but with my Italian attitude, I kind of liked the pressure to go in there, in the dark on this new style, and try to bring a different spirit and personality to the album.

On that song, I replaced the kick drum and the 808 on the chorus because I felt it improved the quality. I didnt say, By the way, Im going to replace your drums I just did it and sent the final mix in. They did a listening session, Snoop was impressed, and I got the album. I won their trust. Back then, I had a small studio in an office area of Vegas, working on a slow computer from like 8 p.m. to 6 in the morning, just so I didnt disturb my neighbors. For this project, I got a faster computer and worked for over two months with a local engineer in Jamaica, collecting stems of tracks to get a feel for the music and understand the vision of Snoop Lion.

Overall, they gave me an opportunity to do a very organic, original mix, because they recorded very traditionally on a vintage board and let me bring in my modern techniques to something very out of my comfort zone. Snoop has a very open-minded approach and its purposely not very technical more like a feeling and a vibe. His trademark is his voice, so they wanted to make sure that was always at the front of the mix, even when he was whispering, but other than that, they allowed us to use our creativity. I was working remotely but everyone there enjoyed the best of Jamaica, smoking and going to remote places. You can see that in the documentary and hear my mixes in the background. The album ended up to have a Grammy nomination for Best Reggae Album, something that no one involved in the project expected. It was a special moment for my career and remains one of my best memories.

As a producer-mixer, I dont always mix the stuff that I produce, and I dont always produce the stuff that I mix. But the lions share of my work is both, and that was the case with Tegan and Saras Walking With a Ghost.

OnSo Jealous, I was a co-producer with John Collins from the New Pornographers and Dave Carswell, who had done the previous Tegan and Sara records. The label wanted to spend money and make the album sound more expensive but not slick, and they thought I could help walk the line. We tag-teamed the songs, because three producers couldnt be in the same room, and I remember taking Walking With a Ghost.

I dont remember the recording part of it, but I remember editing it like that was my baby and I didnt really want anybody else to touch it. Its these scrappy guitars, the vocals are repetitive and double-, triple-tracked, and the form is atypical with the chorus. Its just this weird thing that has a fluid feeling and, in mixing, I made it really bright and crisp. I remember Dave saying, Those guitars are too bright. Theyre killing me, so I tamed them down a bit, because usually when someone has a strong opinion, theyre right. The guitars were maybe a little bit too searing and kind of painful. Because the vocals kind of live in that same sort of zone. And even when I did kind of tame it down, I remember, still, Dave just being like, I dont know, I mean, it sounds good but its just too bright for me. Im not into it. I dont like it.

My approach to mixing is always finding what makes something special and unique and drawing that out, rather than lets just try to make this sound really good. What is the reaction were trying to evoke in the listener? Lets really grab onto that and push that envelope as far as you can. If it means brightened singing and annoying guitars, do that. I was trying to embrace the weird and have just enough edginess to it that people would cock their ears and go, Whats this?

At the end, I went to Tegans apartment in Vancouver before mastering and we were putting the order of the songs together. Sara was on speakerphone and someone said, Okay, what about Walking With a Ghost? And Im like What do you mean? and theyre like, Well, nobody wants it on the record.

The issue was that there was another song on the record, We Didnt Do It, that kind of has a similar sort of choppy beat. It lived in a similar world as Walking With a Ghost but it had a little bit more, I think of a traditional structure. It was a warmer-sounding song. Just kind of a bit punchier, a bit warmer, but it just wasnt as interesting. I said, Look, heres how strongly I feel about it. Im really grateful to have been a part of this record but Im willing for you to strike my name from the credits if you dont put the song on there. So they decided to go with it. and it ended up being a turning point in their career. That record, as a whole, garnered them a much bigger audience and let them tour longer and wider than they ever had.

Transatlanticism was just a bear to get it to feel right. Everything I had done up until 2003 had been on tape, and with that song, we filled up the 24 tracks on the tape machine pretty quickly. Still, it felt like it just wasnt enough. We were starting to lean into maximalism and I just felt like there was a lot more there.

It wanted some size at the ends that I couldnt figure out how to make room for, because, at that point, I didnt know anything about computers. I ran a rough mix of what we had through a piece of half-inch tape then ran that rough mix to a new piece of multitrack tape, then filled that up with guitars and with all the vocals at the end, with just no plan for how I was gonna make it all work. I had one tape machine I couldnt even play them both at the same time. It just turned into, Actually, I dont know how to do this at all, so we ended up dumping it into Pro Tools. That was my very first foray into digital recording. I hated it, but there was no other choice.

There was some instrumental stuff that we were all pretty into that we would reference, like Explosions in the Sky or Godspeed You! Black Emperor, these really epic atmospheric records. But those records dont have vocals, so it was like, How does this story work inside something thats like a big, weird, fuzzy terrarium? So we took it into Studio X in Seattle, which is now an Amazon building, and I spent 12 hours beating my head against the wall, trying to figure out how to make it all fit together. And eventually, it did. Because its so ensemble and gauzy, youre massaging it, just pushing things around. Its more Monet than Rockwell.

The other thing that I realized was that I actually didnt have any idea how to deal with a full 48-channel board and get the song to unfold in a cinematic way. Im always shooting for records that sound great, but more importantly, just feel right something you can really sink into and let take over the experience. I missed that on the first mix. The density was all wrong, it wasnt clear. Sometimes these big songs fall by the wayside as people get into the album, and I just knew this wasnt one of those because everybody was reacting to it so strongly in the studio. It felt special.

I just listened to it again for the first time in years. Some of the placement choices are pretty wild, but it was indie rock in 2003. In a modern mix, the vocals would be louder, and I wish the bass was louder. I so seldom side with my work I always feel like theres some rock that didnt get turned over or some opportunity that got missed, or suggestions I didnt incorporate because I was insecure or for ego reasons. But the feeling in Transatlanticism is really there. I was really happy to hear that.

Are you an engineer with a great hardest mix story to share? Let us know at stories@vulture.com.

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9 Engineers on the Hardest Song They Ever Mixed - Vulture

Engineers Without Borders urges industry reflection – The Engineer

International NGO Engineers Without Borders has called for more self-reflection on the ethical, social and environmental role that engineering plays.

In an open letter, the organisation praised recent updates made to the International Engineering Alliances Benchmark for Graduate Attributes and Professional Competencies. Those changes include awareness of diversity and inclusion as well as an acknowledgement of UN Sustainable Development Goals. However, Engineers Without Borders believes a more fundamental shift in the engineering mindset is required, one which looks more deeply at the role engineering plays in creating as well as solving problems.

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In the revision, engineering continues to be promoted as a process uninfluenced by societal values that leads to one correct solution, the letter states, when in fact it is a complex process embedded in society that necessarily involves navigating ethical issues and value tensions, making judgements with uncertain and ambiguous information, and adapting to context.

In other words, the revision does not adequately guard against and at points even perpetuates a narrow view of engineering, one that doesnt fully acknowledge that engineering itself has a serious impact on and consequences for people and the planetWhile it has resulted in incredible advances to our comfort, health, and safety, it has also played a fundamental role in getting us to the unjust and unsustainable practices that dominate the world today.

In light of this, Engineers Without Borders organisations from around the world are calling for three core competencies to be universally incorporated into the benchmark values. These are:

Engineers Without Borders said it is actively promoting these core competencies by helping students and professionals develop the skills to reflect on and think critically about engineering, and by building connections with social scientists, indigenous leaders, and other groups with valuable insights on the relationship between engineering and society.

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Engineers Without Borders urges industry reflection - The Engineer