Category Archives: Quantum Computer
Kudos: Read about faculty, staff and student awards, appointments and achievements – Vanderbilt University News
Kelsea Best, a Ph.D. student in Earth and Environmental Sciences, has been awarded a graduate student pursuit grant from the National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center to study the human impacts of climate change. Best is leading a team of graduate students fromseveral universities across the U.S. to study connections between climate change and displacement of people in coastal areas of the United States, with financial support for travel, high-performance computational resources and stipends provided by SESYNC.
David Curie, a third-year physics Ph.D. student, has received anOffice of Science Graduate Student Research Fellowshipto conduct part of his dissertation research in a Department of Energy laboratory. Curies work focuses on single-photon sources, which can be used inquantum communicationsand possibly quantum computing.
E. Bronson Ingram College was named the Best Higher Education/Research project for 2019 by Engineering News-Record magazine.
Brandt Eichman, William R. Kenan, Jr. Chair in Biological Sciences and professor of biochemistry, will receive the 2021 International Award from the Biochemical Society, the United Kingdoms leading organization of biochemists. The award, whichrecognizes outstanding and independent research that demonstrates the importance of the molecular biosciences, is given annually to an early- to mid-career scientist who has conducted research outside the U.K. and Ireland.
Mary Jo Gilmer, professor of nursing, has been selected for induction into the International Nurse Researcher Hall of Fame by Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing. The honor, which recognizes significant, sustained international achievement, is considered one of the highest honors in nursing research.
Kathryn Humphreys, assistant professor of psychology and human development, has received a 2020 Janet Taylor Spence Award from the Association for Psychological Science. The award recognizes early-career researchers who have made transformative contributions to the field of psychological science, such as establishing new paradigms within a subject area or advancing research that cuts across fields of study.
Karan Jani, a postdoctoral scholar in the Department of Physics and Astronomy, has been recognized as an All-Star Alumnus by Forbes for his research on black holes. Jani was named to Forbes30 Under 30Science list in 2017.
Jonathan Metzl, Frederick B. Rentschler II Professor of Sociology and Medicine, Health and Society, has received the 2020 Benjamin Rush Award from the American Psychiatric Association. The award recognizes an individual who has made significant contributions to the literature on the history of psychiatry.
Dawool (Lauren) Nam, a senior majoring in chemistry, has received the 2019-20 Girls in STEM Scholarship Award from Girls Who STEM, the mission of which is to increase access and participation of girls in STEM fields and to promote and support girls and women in STEM projects, areas of study and professions.
Roberta Nelson, assistant director of the Office of LGBTQI Life, has received the Promising New Professional Award from the Consortium of LGBT Resource Professionals. The award recognizes a professional with less than five years of experience for outstanding service, innovative or creative effort within the profession, and demonstration of significant promise for leadership in the field.
Laura Nichols, a first-year physics Ph.D. student, has received a Computational Science Graduate Fellowship in overall support of her dissertation research in computational physics. TheCSGF fellowship, awarded to only about 30 individuals nationally per year, supports Ph.D. candidates in the computational sciencesthose who use computer programming to solve problems in scientific disciplines such as physics, biology and chemistry.
Sokrates Pantelides, William A. and Nancy F. McMinn Professor of Physics and professor of electrical engineering, was one of three international scientists honored with the 2019 Award for International Scientific Cooperation by the Chinese Academy of Sciences. A pioneer in the field of semiconductor physics, Pantelides has carried out substantive cooperation with the CAS in developing new low-dimensional materials over the past two decades. In addition, Pantelides was named an honorary professor by Galgotias University in Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India, in conjunction with a talk he gave at an Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers conference in nearby Lucknow.
Cleo Rucker, director of human resources consulting, employee and labor relations, has been appointed to the Metro Nashville Employee Benefits Study and Formulating Committee by Mayor John Cooper. The committees charge is to study and formulate a plan for employee benefits, including disability and retirement benefits, for Metro Nashville employees.
Keivan Stassun, Stevenson Chair in Physics and professor of astronomy and computer science, has been named an inaugural fellow of the American Astronomical Society, the major organization of professional astronomers in North America. The designation recognizes AAS members for extraordinary achievement and service, such as original research and publication, innovative contributions to astronomical techniques or instrumentation, significant contributions to education and public outreach, and noteworthy service to astronomy and to the society itself.
Steven Townsend, assistant professor of chemistry, has been named a Camille Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar for 2020. These faculty are within the first five years of their academic careers, have created an outstanding independent body of scholarship, and are deeply committed to education.
Kip Viscusi, University Distinguished Professor of Law, Economics and Management, has received the American Risk and Insurance Associations 2020 Kulp-Wright Book Award for Pricing Lives: Guideposts for a Safer Society. The award recognizes a risk management and insurance book or monograph that advances the body of knowledge toward new frontiers.
Amazon Shakes Up the Race for Self-Drivingand Ride-HailingAarian Marshal | WiredUber CEO Dara Khosrowshahi says his company wants to be the Amazon for transportation. Friday, Amazon made clear that it intends to be the Amazon for transportation. The ecommerce giant said it hadagreed to acquireBay Area-based autonomous vehicle company Zoox, a dealreportedly worth more than $1 billion.
Wrongfully Accused by an AlgorithmKashmir Hill | The New York TimesMr. Williams knew that he had not committed the crime in question. What he could not have known, as he sat in the interrogation room, is that his case may be the first known account of an American being wrongfully arrested based on a flawed match from a facial recognition algorithm, according to experts on technology and the law.
Meet Silq: The First Intuitive Programming Language for Quantum ComputersLuke Dormehl | Digital TrendsThe creation of the C programming language was a massive milestone for classical computing. It was easy, intuitive, and helped open up computer programming to an entirely new audience. Now, nearly 50 years after C was created, computer scientists have reached a similar milestone: A new programming language that brings the same level of coding simplicity to quantum computing.
How Green Sand Could Capture Billions of Tons of Carbon DioxideJames Temple | MIT Technology ReviewThis process, along with other forms of whats known as enhanced mineral weathering, could potentially store hundreds of trillions of tons of carbon dioxide, according toa National Academies report last year. Thats far more carbon dioxide than humans have pumped out since the start of the Industrial Revolution.
Scientists Made a List of Every Place Aliens Could Be HidingGeorge Dvorsky | GizmodoTheExotica Catalog further signifies the ongoing shift away from traditional SETI strategies, in which scientists search for familiar alien signatures (such as radio emissions), and the shift toward Dysonian SETI, in which scientists look for extraterrestrial technosignatures, that is, signs of alien technology: stuff like Dyson shells (a star surrounded by solar panels), industrial waste, gigantic space habitats, beacons, and things we cant even imagine.
The Rocket Motor of the Future Breathes Air Like a Jet EngineDaniel Oberhaus | WiredWhile a conventional rocket engine must carry giant tanks of fuel and oxidizer on its journey to space, an air-breathing rocket motor pulls most of its oxidizer directly from the atmosphere. This means that an air-breathing rocket can lift more stuff with less propellant and drastically lower the cost of space accessat least in theory.
$100 Billion Universal Fiber Plan Proposed by Democrats in CongressJon Brodkin | Ars Technica[Electronic Frontier Foundation Senior Legislative Counsel Ernesto Falcon] argues that a plan like Clyburns is needed for the US to deploy fiber throughout the country within a few years instead of decades. Such an ambitious program would have the United States match Chinas efforts to build universal fiber with the US completing its transition just a few short years after China, Falcon wrote. Without this law, the transition would take decades.
Does Dark Matter Exist?Ramin Skibba | Aeonover the past half century, no one has ever directly detected a single particle of dark matter. Over and over again, dark matter has resisted being pinned down, like a fleeting shadow in the woods. And as long as its not found, its still possible that there is no dark matter at all. An alternative remains: instead of huge amounts of hidden matter, some mysterious aspect of gravity could be warping the cosmos instead.
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A quantum computing startup called Quantum Machines has released a new programming language called QUA. The language runs on the startups proprietary Quantum Orchestration Platform.
Quantum Machines says its goal is to complete the stack that includes quantum computing at the very bottom-most level. Yes, those physical interactions between quantum bits (qubits) are what set quantum computers apart from traditional hardwarebut you still need the rest of the hardware that will turn physical interactions into something that will run software.
And, of course, you need the software, too. Thats where QUA comes in.
The transition from having just specific circuitsphysical circuits for specific algorithmsto the stage at which the system is programmable is the dramatic point, CEO Itavar Siman told Tech Crunch. Basically, you have a software abstraction layer and then, you get to the era of software and everything accelerated.
The language Quantum Machine describes in its materials isnt what you think of when you imagine programming, unless youre a machine language coder. Whats machine language? Thats the lowest possible level of code, where the instructions arent in natural or human language and are instead in tiny bits of direct instruction for the hardware itself.
Coder Ben Eater made a great video that walks you through a sample program written in C, which is a higher and more abstract language, and how that information translates all the way down into machine code. (Essentially, everything gets much messier and much less readable to the human eye.)
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Machine code acts as a reminder that, on a fundamental level, everything inside your computer is passing nano-Morse code back and forth to do everything you see on the screen as well as all the behind the scenes routines and coordination. Since quantum computers have a brand new paradigm for the idea of hardware itself, theres an opening for a new machine code.
Quantum Machines seems to want to build the entire quantum system, from hardware to all the software to control and highlight it. And if that sounds overly proprietary or like some unfair version of how to develop new technology, we have some bad news for you about the home PC wars of the 1980s or the market share Microsoft Windows still holds among operating systems.
By offering a package deal with something for everyone when quantum computing isnt even a twinkle in the eye of the average consumer, Quantum Machines could be making inroads that will keep it ahead for decades. A universal language, indeed.
QUA is what we believe the first candidate to become what we define as the quantum computing software abstraction layer, Sivan told TechCrunch. In 20 years, we might look back on QUA the way todays users view DOS.
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Universal Quantum has raised $4.5 million as it emerges from stealth with plans to build a practical quantum computer it claims will be far more powerful than versions currently being developed by competitors.
Investors in this early-stage funding round include Hoxton Ventures, Village Global, Propagator VC, Luminous VC, and 7percent. Universal Quantum also disclosed that it has officially been spun out of the University of Sussex in the United Kingdom, where Professor Winfried Hensinger and Dr. Sebastian Weidt founded it in 2018.
Hensinger said the company is on target to build the worlds first large-scale quantum computer, using a pioneering approach developed at the university. If the company makes good on that promise, this next-generation computing architecture would have an impact on more industries and much sooner than many experts have generally predicted.
Its a really exciting next step, Hensinger said. Ive worked on this for 20 years as a university professor, and now we go on to actually building something useful, which is probably going to change the world.
Universal Quantum joins an expanding range of companies and institutions trying to develop quantum computing, which seeks to replace traditional computing architecture. Processing in current computing systems occurs in a binary state. Quantum computing, by contrast, is an atomic-level system in which the processing can occur in multiple states simultaneously. These are referred to as quantum bits or qubits.
Quantum computing has slowly moved beyond the labs, thanks to milestones such as Googles claim that it achieved quantum supremacy last year. That means its quantum computer performed a task that would likely have been impossible using traditional computing systems. Meanwhile, IBM has for several years been expanding its Q Network that allows research and corporate partners access to its quantum machines to experiment via a cloud platform.
But the field still faces a number of fundamental scientific challenges when it comes to making quantum computing stable at a large enough scale to have a real impact.
The founders of Universal Quantum say theyre taking an approach to solving some of those issues that will allow them to build what they call a large-scale quantum computer. So what does that mean? The quantum computer Google built that claimed the supremacy milestone had 54 qubits. IBMs Q Network relies on a 53-qubit machine.
If you want to solve interesting problems, you cant just have 50 qubits, Hensinger said. You need probably around a few million, maybe even billions.
Hensinger is making the extraordinary claim that his companys technology will make that billions target feasible.
Among problems the company has overcome is one involving temperature. Quantum computers run extremely hot because they often use two laser beams targeting each qubit to keep them stable enough for processing calculations. A large-scale computer using this system would require millions of laser beams operating at extreme precision and would need to be cooled to -273 degrees Celsius.
Hensinger explained that in place of lasers, Universal uses an approach called trapped ions that relies on microwave and radio frequency technologies, similar to the type found today in mobile phones. The system results in fewer errors and generates far less heat than laser systems, he said. He projects this computer could operate at -200 degrees Celsius.
In addition, Universal Quantum is developing plans for a quantum computer that relies on ion-trapped chips and uses silicon. After experimenting with a wide range of materials, Hensinger said his team settled on silicon for its stability and practicality.
As is the case with microwave technology, using silicon will allow the company to leverage existing products and technology. It will also allow the team to recruit employees with skillsets in those areas, rather than having to train and develop workers using radically different materials and methods, he said.
All of those factors should allow the company to build its quantum computer, though the exact timing remains unclear. With the latest funding, Universal Quantum will continue building its quantum computing facility in Brighton while expanding its 10-person team.
Once the computer is operational, the company will pursue a model initially similar to IBMs by offering subscriptions to its machines through a cloud platform, Hensinger said.
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Universal Quantum raises $4.5 million to build a large-scale quantum computer - VentureBeat
Ethereum (ETH) Might Not have Quantum Resistance on its Roadmap, the QRL Team Reveals – Crowdfund Insider
The developers at Quantum Resistant Ledger (QRL), an externally audited enterprise-grade blockchain platform that claims to be secure against a potential (future) attack from quantum computers, stated that Ethereum (ETH) could go quantum computer resistant through a unique smart-contract.
The QRL team said that a project called EnQlave helps users secure their computers against a quantum computer attack. They pointed out that the Ethereum 2.0 fork will bring many improvements like sharding, zero-knowledge proofs (ZKPs), enhancing overall blockchain efficiency, and lower transaction fees.
One of the biggest hindrances to blockchains right now thats affecting its adoption is its ability to scale. [We] think [the Ethereum 2.0 related upgrades] will help out quite a bitProof of stake, Ethereum is going there, and so are we [at QRL.] Transparency, trust, immutability, pseudonymity, security all these things are core tenets of blockchain.
When it comes to Ether, [Ethereums native token,] were soon going to have another option. And that option is to make it quantum secure, or not. But why quantum? Quantum computers are quite cool [even literally.] In 2016, the NIST or National Institute of Standards and Technology (in the US) initiated a process to solicit, evaluate, and standardize one or more quantum resistant public key cryptographic algorithms.
They explained that this was basically the NIST calling upon academics and the general public to write and propose new asymmetric or public key algorithms to be used in the post-quantum era (i.e. when quantum computers powerful enough to threaten or practically outperform existing binary computers have arrived).
The QRL team revealed that so far there have been 60 submissions, out of which 12 were reportedly broken and there were five withdrawals from the competition. There are currently two quantum-secure protocols in draft recommended state, the team revealed. One of these is called XMSS which is the underlying protocol used by QRL.
They confirmed that quantum computers are available right now. For instance, D-Wave has been manufacturing them since 1999, the team said. IBM has also been releasing more and more powerful quantum computers.
The QRL team noted that, in 2019, Google announced Quantum Supremacy which is defined as the construction of a device that can solve a problem or perform a function that would be unfeasible for any classical computer. Google was able to carry out a function in 200 seconds and based on their calculations, it would take a supercomputer 10,000 years to complete the same function, the QRL team revealed.
It appears that quantum resistance is not on the Ethereum roadmap, so this is where I think the QRL team can help. Project EnQlave is an Ethereum smart contract that creates a quantum secure safe to store your Ethereum cryptocurrency.[this means, that] using your browser, you can access your Ethereum and transfer funds into a quantum secure safe, all while staying on the Ethereum blockchain.
However, the cost associated with doing this is that every time a smart contract is called or invoked for this purpose (moving funds in and out of your EnQlave wallet), you would incur a gas (fee) charge from the Ethereum network, The gas charge price is set by ETH miners who are processing transactions on the worlds largest smart contract development platform.
Gas fees are a financial incentive for Ether miners to process users transactions.
The QRL team recommended:
Due to gas costs, EnQlave works best as a long-term, post-quantum secure storage solution. Its not something youd want to move your funds in and out of every day.
As of June 2020, EnQlave has been running on an internal test network (testnet) and the code is being audited.
As previously reported, many experts believe quantum computers could completely shatter the current Internet security systems protecting the Bitcoin (BTC) network, digital payments, and IoT devices.
Craig Knoblock Named Michael Keston Executive Director of the USC Information Sciences Institute – USC Viterbi School of Engineering
Craig Knoblock, Michael Keston Executive Director of USCs Information Sciences Institute
Dr. Craig Knoblocks appointment as the Michael Keston Executive Director of USCs Information Sciences Institute (ISI) and concurrently as Vice Dean of Engineering, was extended for the next fiscal year, beginning July 1, 2020. Dr. Knoblock has been serving as the interim ISI director since 2018.
Dr. Knoblock is research professor of both Computer Science and Spatial Sciences at USC, and director of the Data Science Program at USC. He received his B.S. degree from Syracuse University and his M.S. and Ph.D. from Carnegie Mellon University in computer science.
Dr. Knoblocks research focuses on techniques for describing, acquiring, and exploiting the semantics of data. He has worked extensively on source modeling, schema and ontology alignment, entity and record linkage, data cleaning and normalization, extracting data from the Web, and combining all these techniques to build knowledge graphs. Dr. Knoblock has received 7 best paper awards, and has had over 400 journal articles, book chapters, and conference and workshop papers published. He is a Fellow of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI), a Fellow of the Association of Computing Machinery (ACM), past President and Trustee of the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI), and winner of the Robert S. Engelmore Award.
As the Keston Executive Director of ISI, Dr. Knoblock is responsible for sustaining and strengthening an environment where the groundbreaking basic and applied research of ISIs faculty and staff researchers, post-doctoral, and graduate students at ISI can flourish. These diverse research programs attract over $100 million in funding annually, with emphases on artificial intelligence, cybersecurity, internet and networked systems, medical informatics, quantum computing, and advanced electronics.
It is a great pleasure for me to extend Craigs appointment as the Keston Executive Director of ISI, said Yannis C. Yortsos, dean of the USC Viterbi School of Engineering. Craig has been an outstanding director, visionary, and a great partner in advancing research and scholarship in the rapidly changing realm of Information Sciences. I look forward to continuing our strong collaboration. He continued, All of us at the Viterbi School also remain indebted to Linda and the late Michael Keston and their family, for their generous philanthropy and support for ISI. This includes the endowment of the ISI directorship and the support of seed funds for innovative research.
Im deeply honored to be selected as the next executive director for the institute, said Dr. Knoblock. As the director, my goals are to continue to make ISI an outstanding place to work, grow the research funding, faculty and students, and continue to pursue impactful research projects.
IQM Finland Oy (IQM), a European startup which makes hardware for quantum computers, has raised a 15M equity investment round from the EIC Accelerator program for the development of quantum computers. This is in addition to a raise of 3.3M from the Business Finland government agency. This takes the companys funding to over 32M. The company previously raised a 11.4M seed round.
IQM has hired a lot of engineers in its short life, and now says it plans to hire one quantum engineer per week on the pathway to commercializing its technology through the collaborative design of quantum-computing hardware and applications.
Dr. Jan Goetz, CEO and co-founder of IQM said: Quantum computers will be funded by European governments, supporting IQM s expansion strategy to build quantum computers in Germany, in a statement.
The news comes as the Finnish government announced only last week that it would acquire a quantum computer with 20.7M for the Finnish State Research center VTT.
It has been a mind-blowing forty-million past week for quantum computers in Finland. IQM staff is excited to work together with VTT, Aalto University, and CSC in this ecosystem, rejoices Prof. Mikko Mttnen, Chief Scientist and co-founder of IQM.
Previously, the German government said it would put 2bn into commissioning at least two quantum computers.
IQM thus now plans to expand its operations in Germany via its team in Munich.
IQM will build co-design quantum computers for commercial applications and install testing facilities for quantum processors, said Prof. Enrique Solano, CEO of IQM Germany.
The company is focusing on superconducting quantum processors, which are streamlined for commercial applications in a Co-Design approach. This works by providing the full hardware stack for a quantum computer, integrating different technologies, and then invites collaborations with quantum software companies.
IQM was one of the 72 to succeed in the selection process of the EIC. Altogether 3969 companies applied for this funding.
Names of the partners were not disclosed.
Since 2018, SKT and Switzerland-based ID Quantique have been developing the quantum random number generator (QRNG) chipset for Samsung Electronics Galaxy A Quantum, together with fabless Korean company Btree, which specializes in designing hardware and semiconductor chipsets.
A chipset, which at 2.5 mm by 2.5 mm is the worlds smallest QRNG product, was launched in April.
The QRNG chipset boasts impenetrable encryption, the company said during a press event held at Btrees headquarters in Geongnam, Gyeonggi Province.
The system, patented by ID Quantique, cannot be breached by computer logic as the codes are created by random movements of photons that travel between an LED light source and a CMOS image sensor equipped in the chipset, the company explained.
The QRNG chipset can become an alternative encryption system in the advent of quantum computers, which can easily decode existing encryption systems, said Uhm Sang-yun, ID Quantiques branch manager here.
The chipset can also process 256,000 keys per second to encrypt and decrypt data or files -- a much larger capacity than existing 128-bit encryptions, Btrees CTO Kim Hui-geol added.
SKT is currently looking into potential devices, self-driving vehicles and an array of IoT products for the application, it said.
The company has the technology to apply the QRNG system to other products, including self-driving vehicles, but it could take some time to verify if the security system would meet criteria that manufacturers ask for, Uhm said.
The quantum-powered encryption solution is currently applied to a total of three applications available on Samsungs new smartphone model, and it would take a while to apply it to the whole smartphone system.
Applying the system to a smartphone itself would take time as it requires us to work with operating system operators, like Google and Apple, Uhm said.
The company might have to also adjust the thickness of the chip to make it more compatible with different types of devices.
Meanwhile, SKT said it will also announce a new public application programming interface to provide developers access to the solution.
By Shim Woo-hyun (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Prototype of portable, battery powered, biosensing device - a few centimetres in size.
Archer Materials has announced progressing work on its graphene-based biosensor technology.
The Australian company told shareholders on Thursday it has developed a new set of graphene materials that could be applied for enhanced biosensing and to aid in the development of biocompatible inks in water-based solvents.
Archer said doing so could eliminate the use of hazardous and non-biocompatible chemicals, increasing the scope of biomolecules that can be detected.
"There is no doubt that diseases have a devastating effect on economies and there is value in advancing disease diagnosis using simpler, more accurate biosensors," Archer CEO Dr Mohammad Choucair said. "However, there are only a limited number of materials that can perform [biosensing], and they require innovative development."
Archer said laboratory synthesis was complemented with computational chemistry to calculate and visualise the materials candidates at the atom-level for their suitability in biomolecular sensing.
"We have rapidly advanced from raw material feedstock to prototypes of a portable battery-powered sensing device that can incorporate biological material," Choucair said. "This early stage work has the potential to allow much simpler and more effective sensing where early diagnosis of life-threatening diseases can lead to much improved outcomes."
With Australia traditionally not so good at commercialising research and development, Archer touted its graphene-based biotechnology as at an early stage of commercialisation.
It said it has been working with commercial advisors within the Australian biotech industry to produce a roadmap.
Archer's commercial strategy involves applying the "triple-helix business model" for biotechnology innovation to develop printable graphene-based biosensor componentry and sublicense the associated intellectual property rights.
It's hoping to do this by developing commercial-grade prototypes; pursuing patent applications in Australia, the United States, and Europe; and establishingcommercial partnerships.
Last month, Archer announced its plan to raise up to AU$3 million, offering shares at AU$0.60 per share.
The funds raised will be used to increase the pace of Archer's current work programs and to start hiring additional staff to do this work, it said.
Also in May, Archer announced a new agreement with IBM which it hopes will advance quantum computing and progress work towards solutions for the greater adoption of the technology.
Joining theIBM Q Network, Archer will gain access to IBM's quantum computing expertise and resources, seeing the Sydney-based company use IBM's open-source software framework, Qiskit.
Archer to work alongside IBM in progressing quantum computing
First quantum-focused Australian member of the IBM Q Network.
Archer puts together a few-qubit array
The Australian company has taken the next step towards creating a room temperature quantum computer.
Australia's Archer details first stage of room temp quantum chip success
The company has announced assembly of the first qubit material component of its 12CQ room-temperature qubit processor, touting nanometre precision.
Artificial intelligence and 5G will drive the technology revolution, according to CompTIA.
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Technology solutions built around artificial intelligence (AI) and 5G offer the most immediate opportunities for tech firms to generate new business and revenue, according to CompTIA's third annual Top 10 Emerging Technologies report released on Wednesday.
Each year, the Emerging Technology Community of CompTIA, the nonprofit association for the global technology industry, releases its list of the top emerging technologies.
SEE: Managing AI and ML in the enterprise 2020: Tech leaders increase project development and implementation (TechRepublic Premium)
"Our ranking represents a consensus viewpoint that emerged after some spirited debate and discussion with the community," said Michael Haines, director of partner incentive strategy and program design for Microsoft and chair of the CompTIA Emerging Technology Community, in a press release.
"We're not proposing that every solution provider and channel partner needs to immediately add these technologies to their menu of products and services," Haines added. "But these innovations will have a sweeping impact on the business of technology. Companies need to prepare now for the changes ahead."
AI and 5G each moved up one spot from last year's list. The Internet of Things (IoT), which claimed the top spot in 2019, dropped to third on this year's list. Augmented and virtual reality and biometrics also moved up, while blockchain and robotics slipped a bit.
"We always saw the marvelous opportunity in AI," Haines said in a blog post. "It's literally been moving up the list. It's one of those interesting ones to watch. AI is now being evaluated as we see it by nearly every organization for possible application to drive insights and better solutions."
Some technologies such as 3D printing and drones fell completely off the list, after claiming a spot since the list began in 2018, while Natural Language Processing made its first appearance.
AI claimed the top spot on the list. Artificial intelligence refers to programmed algorithms that automatically parse and apply knowledge. It's the largest force in emerging technology, and includes security and sales applications for businesses.
5G offers improvements over 4G, such as low latency, intelligent power consumption and high device density. 5G will make augmented reality, smart cities and connected vehicles possible.
The Internet of Things combines information from connected devices and allows for analytics of systems. These platforms, devices and datasets provide additional insights and efficiencies for the enterprise.
4. Serverless Computing
Serverless computing, or Function as a Service (FaaS), allows companies to build applications that scale in real time so that they can respond to demand that can change instantly depending on orders of magnitude. FaaS offers a consumption-based platform so that developers can quickly and cost effectively deploy applications.
Security will be improved by biometics by allowing people and devices to authenticate and move seamlessly through the world.
6. Augmented Reality/Virtual Reality
AR and VR transform how people engage with machines, data and each other. The enterprise is using mixed reality, AI and sensor technologies to enhance execution flexibility, operational efficiency and individual productivity.
There's an ever-increasing need to be able to secure and manage transactions across the internet, and blockchain is the answer. Blockchain manages data and supply chain challenges.
Robotics are shifting from industrial use to service delivery and are impacting home and businesses, both physically and virtually.
9. Natural Language Processing
NLP is a field of AI that enables computers to analyze and understand human language. Speech-to-text converts human language into a programming language. Text-to-speech converts a computer operation to an audible response.
10. Quantum Computing
Our ability to process and analyze big data will be impacted by quantum computing. It is the key to leveraging machine learning and the power of AI.
For comparison, in 2019, these were the top 10 from CompTIA:
The list is intended to be used as a starting place for debate. Haines said in a blog post, "What I like about it a lot is that people will disagree with the list. They'll say, 'Oh, well I think this one ought to be in there or that one ought to be in there.' And you know what? That's really one of the reasons for the listit's a living document. It's the view of this community, but it fosters great discussion."
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Top 10 emerging technologies of 2020: Winners and losers - TechRepublic