Private Internet Access | VPN Encryption
Private Internet Access uses the open source, industry standard OpenVPN to provide you with a secure VPN tunnel. OpenVPN has many options when it comes to encryption. Our users are able to choose what level of encryption they want on their VPN sessions. We try to pick the most reasonable defaults and we recommend most people stick with them. That said, we like to inform our users and give them the freedom to make their own choices.
Data encryption: AES-128
Data authentication: SHA1
Data encryption: None
Data authentication: None
Data encryption: AES-256
Data authentication: SHA256
Data encryption: AES-128
Data authentication: None
This is the symmetric cipher algorithm with which all of your data is encrypted and decrypted. The symmetric cipher is used with an ephemeral secret key shared between you and the server. This secret key is exchanged with the Handshake Encryption.
Advanced Encryption Standard (256-bit) in CBC mode.
No Encryption. None of your data will be encrypted. Your login details will be encrypted. Your IP will still be hidden. This may be a viable option if you want the best performance possible while only hiding your IP address. This would be similar to a SOCKS proxy but with the benefit of not leaking your username and password.
This is the message authentication algorithm with which all of your data is authenticated. This is only used to protect you from active attacks. If you are not worried about active attackers you can turn off Data Authentication.
HMAC using Secure Hash Algorithm (256-bit).
No Authentication. None of your encrypted data will be authenticated. An active attacker could potentially modify or decrypt your data. This would not give any opportunities to a passive attacker.
This is the encryption used to establish a secure connection and verify you are really talking to a Private Internet Access VPN server and not being tricked into connecting to an attacker's server. We use TLS v1.2 to establish this connection. All our certificates use SHA512 for signing.
2048bit Ephemeral Diffie-Hellman (DH) key exchange and 2048-bit RSA certificate for verification that the key exchange really happened with a Private Internet Access server.
Like RSA-2048 but 3072-bit for both key exchange and certificate.
Like RSA-2048 but 4096-bit for both key exchange and certificate.
Ephemeral Elliptic Curve DH key exchange and an ECDSA certificate for verification that the key exchange really happened with a Private Internet Access server. Curve secp256k1 (256-bit) is used for both. This is the same curve that Bitcoin uses to sign its transactions.
Like ECC-256k1 but curve prime256v1 (256-bit, also known as secp256r1) is used for both key exchange and certificate.
Like ECC-256k1 but curve secp521r1 (521-bit) is used for both key exchange and certificate.
We display a warning in 3 cases:
The recent NSA revelations have raised concerns that certain or possibly all Elliptic Curves endorsed by US standards bodies may have backdoors allowing the NSA to more easily crack them. There is no proof of this for curves used with signing and key exchange and there are experts who think this to be unlikely. We therefore give users the option but display a warning anytime you select an Elliptic Curve setting. We also included the less standard curve secp256k1, which is what Bitcoin uses, was generated by Certicom (a Canadian company) instead of NIST (as the other curves were), and seems to have less places to hide a backdoor. There is strong evidence that a random number generator which uses ECC was backdoored but it was not widely used.
An active attack is one where an attacker gets "between" you and the VPN server, in a position where they can modify or inject data into your VPN session. OpenVPN was designed to be secure against active attackers as long as you are using both data encryption and data authentication.
A passive attack is one where an attacker simply records all data passing over the network but does not modify or inject any new data. An example of a passive attacker is an entity that performs the dragnet capture and storage of all network traffic but does not interfere with or modify it. As long as you are using data encryption your OpenVPN session is secure against passive attackers.
Ephemeral keys are encryption keys which are generated randomly and only used for a certain amount of time, after which they are discarded and securely erased. An ephemeral key exchange is the process by which these keys are created and exchanged. Diffie-Hellman is an algorithm used to perform this exchange. The idea behind ephemeral keys is that once you are done using them and they are thrown away, no one will ever be able to decrypt the data which they were used to encrypt, even if they eventually got full access to all the encrypted data and to both the client and the server.
Originally posted here:
Private Internet Access | VPN Encryption
- Why the US government is questioning WhatsApp's encryption - CNBC - February 25th, 2020
- No Backdoor on Human Rights: Why Encryption Cannot Be Compromised - Bitcoin News - February 25th, 2020
- Backdoor to encryption back on agenda in absurdly named bill - 9to5Mac - February 25th, 2020
- Signal is the European Union's encrypted messaging app of choice - Cult of Mac - February 25th, 2020
- cloudAshur, hands on: Encrypt, share and manage your files locally and in the cloud - ZDNet - February 25th, 2020
- ASIO: Relentless advance of technology was outstripping our capabilities - ZDNet - February 25th, 2020
- Cygilant to Highlight the Need for Encrypted Traffic Visibility at RSA Conference 2020 - Business Wire - February 25th, 2020
- Encryption Software Market 2020 Emerging Trends, Growing Demand, Leading Companies, Applications, Overview and Regional Analysis 2026 - News Times - February 25th, 2020
- US bill seen threatening encryption on tech platforms - EJ Insight - February 25th, 2020
- AES Encryption Software Market to Witness Increased Incremental Dollar Opportunity During the Forecast Period 2020 2026 | Dell, Eset, Gemalto, IBM,... - February 25th, 2020
- Malware and HTTPS a growing love affair - Naked Security - February 25th, 2020
- Hardware-based Full Disk Encryption Market To Witness Growth Acceleration During 2020-2026 | Western Digital Corp, Samsung Electronics, Toshiba,... - February 25th, 2020
- Encryption Software Market are anticipated to lucrative growth opportunities in the future by Product Type, Structure, End-user and Geography to 2027... - February 25th, 2020
- Proposed Bill Could Threaten Apple, Facebook Messaging Platforms - MSSP Alert - February 25th, 2020
- Zettaset to Participate in Cybersecurity Forum at Annual HIMSS 2020 Conference - Business Wire - February 25th, 2020
- Cloud Encryption Technology Market Analysis with Key Players, Applications, Trends and Forecasts to 2025 | Gemalto, Sophos, Symantec - Nyse Nasdaq... - February 25th, 2020
- US legislation to fend off end-to-end encryption of Facebook, Google and others - Financial World - February 25th, 2020
- Encryption on Facebook, Google, others threatened by planned new bill - Reuters - February 22nd, 2020
- What Is an Encryption Backdoor? - How-To Geek - February 22nd, 2020
- Sophos Takes On Encrypted Network Traffic With New XG Firewall 18 - CRN: Technology news for channel partners and solution providers - February 22nd, 2020
- Last Week In Venture: Eyes As A Service, Environmental Notes And Homomorphic Encryption - Crunchbase News - February 22nd, 2020
- CIA Encryption Meddling and Chinese Espionage Allegations Make It Clear: We All Need Strong Data Protection - Reason - February 12th, 2020
- Congress, Not the Attorney General, Should Decide the Future of Encryption - Lawfare - February 12th, 2020
- The code breakers: This vault is the epicenter in law enforcement's battle to unlock encrypted smartphones - USA TODAY - February 12th, 2020
- Enea Announces New Smart Tools to Identify Encrypted and Evasive Network Traffic - Yahoo Finance - February 12th, 2020
- Encryption Vs. Decryption: What's the Difference? - Techopedia - February 12th, 2020
- Labor Bill to fix Australian encryption laws it voted for hits second debate - ZDNet - February 12th, 2020
- Encryption Software Market Growth by Top Companies, Trends by Types and Application, Forecast to 2026 - News Parents - February 12th, 2020
- Mobile Encryption Market to Grow Massively (2020-2025) By Size, Share, Price, Trend and Forecast | Blackberry, T-Systems International, ESET, Sophos,... - February 12th, 2020
- Child-Welfare Activists Attack Facebook Over Encryption Plans - The New York Times - February 9th, 2020
- How Attorney General Barr's War On Encryption Will Harm Our Military - Techdirt - February 9th, 2020
- Strong Opinions on Whether Police Calls Should be Encrypted - Government Technology - February 9th, 2020
- The EARN IT Act is the latest clueless attack on encryption, do not fall for it - Privacy News Online - February 9th, 2020
- Republican Senator Lindsey Graham introduces bill that threatens end-to-end encryption - World Socialist Web Site - February 9th, 2020
- Activists write to Facebook against encryption, says it will dent bid to curb child pornography - Hindustan Times - February 9th, 2020
- BBB Offers the Following Tips for National Clean Out Your Computer and Safer Internet Day WKTN- A division of Home Town Media - WKTN Radio - February 9th, 2020
- Optical Encryption Market Booming by Size, Revenue, Trends and Top Growing Companies 2026 - Instant Tech News - February 9th, 2020
- Federal government warning of voter coercion, foreign election interference through private messaging services - CBC.ca - February 9th, 2020
- Mobile Encryption Market 2020 Recent Industry Developments and Growth Strategies Adopted by Top Key Players Worldwide and Assessment to 2025 -... - February 9th, 2020
- Well-meaning charities urge Facebook to halt encryption plan to protect kids - 9to5Mac - February 6th, 2020
- How the B-Team watches over Australia's encryption laws and cybersecurity - ZDNet - February 6th, 2020
- Kids Need End-to-End Encryption for Protection Against Corporations - The Mac Observer - February 6th, 2020
- Encryption Backdoors: The Achilles Heel to Cybersecurity? - Techopedia - February 6th, 2020
- US Lawmakers Seeking to Ban Companies From Using End-to-End Encryption With a New Draft Bill - Bitcoin Exchange Guide - February 6th, 2020
- United States: a invoice towards end-to-end encryption? - Sahiwal Tv - February 6th, 2020
- TLS 1.0/1.1 end-of-life countdown heads into the danger zone - The Daily Swig - February 6th, 2020
- How Would a US Ban on End to End Encryption Affect Cryptocurrency? - Bitcoinist - February 5th, 2020
- Officials Ask Public to Weigh in on Encrypting Police Calls - Government Technology - February 5th, 2020
- Bluefin and FroogalPay Partner to Provide PCI-Validated Point-to-Point Encryption (P2PE) - Benzinga - February 5th, 2020
- Facebook to allow parents to monitor their kids' chat messages - Sussex Express - February 5th, 2020
- Hardware-based Full Disk Encryption Market To Boom In Near Future By 2027 With Industry Key Players - Science of Change - February 5th, 2020
- New ransomware with '.SaveTheQueen' extension discovered by Varonis - Information Age - February 5th, 2020
- The Best Encryption Software for 2020 | PCMag - February 2nd, 2020
- Encryption - What It Is, Types, Algorithms, & More ... - February 2nd, 2020
- A Beginner's Guide to Encryption: What It Is and How to ... - February 2nd, 2020
- Encryption | Internet Society - February 2nd, 2020
- Best encryption software tools of 2020: Keep your data ... - February 2nd, 2020
- What is 256-bit Encryption? How long would it take to crack? - February 2nd, 2020
- A new bill could punish web platforms for using end-to-end encryption - The Verge - February 2nd, 2020
- How to encrypt email (Gmail, Outlook iOS, OSX, Android ... - February 2nd, 2020
- Researchers showcase all-optical encryption tech to keep data hidden and safe - The Times of Israel - February 2nd, 2020
- The U.S. government's been trying to stop encryption for 25 years. Will it win this time? - Tom's Guide - February 2nd, 2020
- Apple's end-to-end encryption threatened by new proposed bill - AppleInsider - February 2nd, 2020
- With Streaming Becoming More Prevalent in 2020, it would be better to connect to the Internet with a VPN - gotech daily - February 2nd, 2020
- nCipher Security: More Americans trust encryption than know what it is - Security Boulevard - January 30th, 2020
- Encryption Software Market 2020 Analysis by Current Industry Status, Key Manufacturers, Industry Drivers and Forecast to 2024 Dagoretti News -... - January 30th, 2020
- Emerging Opportunities in Hardware-based Full Disk Encryption Market with Current Trends Analysis - Dagoretti News - January 30th, 2020
- Scientists from Israel have developed the worlds first optical encryption technology Stealth - The Times Hub - January 30th, 2020
- Government Report Reveals Its Favorite Way to Hack iPhones, Without Backdoors - VICE - January 30th, 2020
- How to Get the Most Out of Your Smartphone's Encryption - WIRED - January 30th, 2020
- Forensics detective says Android phones are now harder to crack than iPhones - Android Authority - January 30th, 2020
- Options to End the End to End Encryption Debate - Infosecurity Magazine - January 30th, 2020
- Remember the Clipper chip? NSA's botched backdoor-for-Feds from 1993 still influences today's encryption debates - The Register - January 30th, 2020
- Why Public Wi-Fi is a Lot Safer Than You Think - EFF - January 30th, 2020
- There is no legislation mandating encryption of private information - Kamloops This Week - January 30th, 2020
- Apple Watch rewards, iCloud encryption, and WhatsApp hacks on the AppleInsider Podcast - AppleInsider - January 30th, 2020
- Apple Wanted the iPhone to Have End-to-End Encryption. Then the FBI Stepped In - Popular Mechanics - January 27th, 2020
- Amazon Engineer Leaked Private Encryption Keys. Outside Analysts Discovered Them in Minutes - Gizmodo - January 27th, 2020
- Deployed 82nd Airborne unit told to use these encrypted messaging apps on government cell phones - Military Times - January 27th, 2020
- The FBI doesn't need Apple to give it a backdoor to encryption, because it already has all the access it needs - Boing Boing - January 27th, 2020