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Multi-domain operations: Like bringing Waze to the battlefield – FedScoop

Written by Billy Mitchell Dec 2, 2019 | FEDSCOOP

In about a months time, the U.S. Air Force will host the first demonstration of its Advanced Battle Management System the networking concept that will serve as the technological backbone of the militarys shift to an advanced way of seeing the battlefield.

Through multi-domain operations, the military servicesaim to link togetherair, sea, land, space, cyber and information assets to better identify and eliminate threats. And while the idea could leave to revolutionary jump forward in awareness and information sharing for warfighters, the technology necessary to achieve it isnt at all revolutionary, said Will Roper, Air Forces assistant secretary for acquisition, technology and logistics.

Well connect F-22s, F-35s, SpaceX Starlink satellites, Navy ships, Army soldiers, Roper said at a recentCenter for a New American Security discussion. Were going to connect them in an internet-like style. What were really doing to enable multi-domain is finally building the internet in the Air Force. Its all the stuff that you know. There are no show-stoppers here.

Rather, its taking the best of what already exists in the commercial world things military personnel have access to and expect in their personal lives and cloning that for command and control.

The great news is this exists, he said. We just simply have to be able to clone it and probably put a little more security in it. But its not unachievable. But it is going to be different to become a digital service, a digital department.

Roper pointed to navigation app Waze as an example. Every time he drives home from the Pentagon and uses Waze, he thinks about how would this work on the battlefield?

Below such an app, he said, are strong software development capabilities with cloud infrastructure and platforms to build on. Hereferred to theAdvanced Battle Management System as a whole internet company in the Air Force, built on the services Cloud One, Platform One and Data One programs.

The way that this will work well have kind of a big cloud, a big [Department of Defense] cloud, and if youre a system and youre connected to big cloud, and very similar to the app Waze, or pick your favorite, we have a user profile for you based on your mission, Roper said. And the data that hits our cloud, we can recognize, Oh this is something [you] should see, because youre driving a ship and you dont know that threat is over there and we just collected on it. And we can push it to you in a way thats very similar to Waze, easy to engage with, and as you respond to it, we get better at recognizing you.

But its also very different from an app like Waze because adversaries will be constantly trying to take it offline, Roper said. So the real secret sauce is going to be when the disconnect happens, how much are we able to locally store and process? Can I inform you how long you will have digital superiority, digital stealth so that when you connect back up because I dont think any adversary will be able to keep us disconnected forever we can immediately refresh your data, almost like were kind of resetting the clock.

To do that, he said, the military is going on the same digital journey that many successful companies have already gone on. Roper said the Air Force has already recruited a cadre of internet-type gurus who have joined our team as pioneers to build this system-of-systems out. So were not designing this in a traditional defense fashion. Were designing this with champions of commercial internet technology who are willing, just out of patriotism, to be contracted designers, to make sure that we dont get outside of what worked for the internet.

If the Air Force gets theABMS program right, the benefit will be that finally for once, if the government has a piece of data that can help the warfighter, we can getit to them, Roper said. And its crazy in the world we live in where you right now with your personal device are connected to the entire world. Think about how much ability there is to interact, to understand, to command control things, your house, your car, you control everything. We live in that world. Our operators go home with that capability. And they come into a military where things cant talk to each other.

The biggest challenge in all of this, Roper said, will beconvincing Congress to deliver the required funding.Its a big risk to put billions of dollars into digital transformation, he said. You cant take a picture of it. But you know that behind your phone is an amazing, powerful architecture that allows that phone to be so much more than a platform.

But, he anticipates sizable dollars will be dedicated in fiscal 2021 to support the ABMS development.

Itsenough money to actually do real stuff, and its not tied to any platform, Roper said. So, ABMS will basically be a competition among existing platforms. Whoever can kind of make their platform look more like an Internet of Things-type system, you get first dibs to the pot.

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With Brutal Crackdown, Iran Is Convulsed by Worst Unrest in 40 Years – The New York Times

Iran is experiencing its deadliest political unrest since the Islamic Revolution 40 years ago, with at least 180 people killed and possibly hundreds more as angry protests have been smothered in a government crackdown of unbridled force.

It began two weeks ago with an abrupt increase of at least 50 percent in gasoline prices. Within 72 hours, outraged demonstrators in cities large and small were calling for an end to the Islamic Republics government and the downfall of its leaders.

In many places, security forces responded by opening fire on unarmed protesters, largely unemployed or low-income young men between the ages of 19 and 26, according to witness accounts and videos. In the southwest city of Mahshahr alone, witnesses and medical personnel said, Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps members surrounded, shot and killed 40 to 100 demonstrators mostly unarmed young men in a marsh where they had sought refuge.

The recent use of lethal force against people throughout the country is unprecedented, even for the Islamic Republic and its record of violence, said Omid Memarian, the deputy director at the Center for Human Rights in Iran, a New York-based group.

Altogether, from 180 to 450 people, and possibly more, were killed in four days of intense violence after the gasoline price increase was announced on Nov. 15, with at least 2,000 wounded and 7,000 detained, according to international rights organizations, opposition groups and local journalists.

The last enormous wave of protests in Iran in 2009 after a contested election, which was also met with a deadly crackdown left 72 people dead over a much longer period of about 10 months.

Only now, nearly two weeks after the protests were crushed and largely obscured by an internet blackout in the country that was lifted recently have details corroborating the scope of killings and destruction started to dribble out.

The latest outbursts not only revealed staggering levels of frustration with Irans leaders, but also underscored the serious economic and political challenges facing them, from the Trump administrations onerous sanctions on the country to the growing resentment toward Iran by neighbors in an increasingly unstable Middle East.

The gas price increase, which was announced as most Iranians had gone to bed, came as Iran is struggling to fill a yawning budget gap. The Trump administration sanctions, most notably their tight restrictions on exports of Irans oil, are a big reason for the shortfall. The sanctions are meant to pressure Iran into renegotiating the 2015 nuclear agreement between Iran and major world powers, which President Trump abandoned, calling it too weak.

Most of the nationwide unrest seemed concentrated in neighborhoods and cities populated by low-income and working-class families, suggesting this was an uprising born in the historically loyal power base of Irans post-revolutionary hierarchy.

Many Iranians, stupefied and embittered, have directed their hostility directly at the supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who called the crackdown a justified response to a plot by Irans enemies at home and abroad.

The killings prompted a provocative warning from Mir Hussein Moussavi, an opposition leader and former presidential candidate whose 2009 election loss set off peaceful demonstrations that Ayatollah Khamenei also suppressed by force.

In a statement posted Saturday on an opposition website, Mr. Moussavi, who has been under house arrest since 2011 and seldom speaks publicly, blamed the supreme leader for the killings. He compared them to an infamous 1978 massacre by government forces that led to the downfall of Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi a year later, at the hands of the Islamic revolutionaries who now rule the country.

The killers of the year 1978 were the representatives of a nonreligious regime and the agents and shooters of November 2019 are the representatives of a religious government, he said. Then the commander in chief was the shah and today, here, the supreme leader with absolute authority.

The authorities have declined to specify casualties and arrests and have denounced unofficial figures on the national death toll as speculative. But the nations interior minister, Abdolreza Rahmani Fazli, has cited widespread unrest around the country.

On state media, he said that protests had erupted in 29 out of 31 provinces and 50 military bases had been attacked, which if true suggested a level of coordination absent in the earlier protests. Irans official media have reported that several members of the security forces were killed and injured during the clashes.

The property damage also included 731 banks, 140 public spaces, nine religious centers, 70 gasoline stations, 307 vehicles, 183 police cars, 1,076 motorcycles and 34 ambulances, the interior minister said.

The worst violence documented so far happened in the city of Mahshahr and its suburbs, with a population of 120,000 people in Irans southwest Khuzestan Province a region with an ethnic Arab majority that has a long history of unrest and opposition to the central government. Mahshahr is adjacent to the nations largest industrial petrochemical complex and serves as a gateway to Bandar Imam, a major port.

The New York Times interviewed six residents of the city, including a protest leader who had witnessed the violence; a reporter based in the city who works for Iranian media, and had investigated the violence but was banned from reporting it; and a nurse at the hospital where casualties were treated.

They each provided similar accounts of how the Revolutionary Guards deployed a large force to Mahshahr on Monday, Nov. 18, to crush the protests. All spoke on condition of anonymity for fear of retribution by the Guards.

For three days, according to these residents, protesters had successfully gained control of most of Mahshahr and its suburbs, blocking the main road to the city and the adjacent industrial petrochemical complex. Irans interior minister confirmed that the protesters had gotten control over Mahshahr and its roads in a televised interview last week, but the Iranian government did not respond to specific questions in recent days about the mass killings in the city.

Local security forces and riot police officers had attempted to disperse the crowd and open the roads, but failed, residents said. Several clashes between protesters and security forces erupted between Saturday evening and Monday morning before the Guards were dispatched there.

When the Guards arrived near the entrance to a suburb, Shahrak Chamran, populated by low-income members of Irans ethnic Arab minority, they immediately shot without warning at dozens of men blocking the intersection, killing several on the spot, according to the residents interviewed by phone.

The residents said the other protesters scrambled to a nearby marsh, and that one of them, apparently armed with an AK-47, fired back. The Guards immediately encircled the men and responded with machine gun fire, killing as many as 100 people, the residents said.

The Guards piled the dead onto the back of a truck and departed, the residents said, and relatives of the wounded then transported them to Memko Hospital.

One of the residents, a 24-year-old unemployed college graduate in chemistry who had helped organize the protests blocking the roads, said he had been less than a mile away from the mass shooting and that his best friend, also 24, and a 32-year-old cousin were among the dead.

He said they both had been shot in the chest and their bodies were returned to the families five days later, only after they had signed paperwork promising not to hold funerals or memorial services and not to give interviews to media.

The young protest organizer said he, too, was shot in the ribs on Nov. 19, the day after the mass shooting, when the Guards stormed with tanks into his neighborhood, Shahrak Taleghani, among the poorest suburbs of Mahshahr.

He said a gun battle erupted for hours between the Guards and ethnic Arab residents, who traditionally keep guns for hunting at home. Iranian state media and witnesses reported that a senior Guards commander had been killed in a Mahshahr clash. Video on Twitter suggests tanks had been deployed there.

A 32-year-old nurse in Mahshahr reached by the phone said she had tended to the wounded at the hospital and that most had sustained gunshot wounds to the head and chest.

She described chaotic scenes at the hospital, with families rushing to bring in the casualties, including a 21-year-old who was to be married but could not be saved. Give me back my son!, the nurse quoted his sobbing mother as saying. Its his wedding in two weeks!

The nurse said security forces stationed at the hospital arrested some of the wounded protesters after their conditions had stabilized. She said some relatives, fearing arrest themselves, dropped wounded loved ones at the hospital and fled, covering their faces.

On Nov. 25, a week after it happened, the citys representative in Parliament, Mohamad Golmordai, vented outrage in a blunt moment of searing antigovernment criticism that was broadcast on Iranian state television and captured in photos and videos uploaded to the internet.

What have you done that the undignified Shah did not do? Mr. Golmordai screamed from the Parliament floor, as a scuffle broke out between him and other lawmakers, including one who grabbed him by the throat.

The local reporter in Mahshahr said the total number of people killed in three days of unrest in the area had reached 130, including those killed in the marsh.

In other cities such as Shiraz and Shahriar, dozens were reported killed in the unrest by security forces who fired on unarmed protesters, according to rights groups and videos posted by witnesses.

This regime has pushed people toward violence, said Yousef Alsarkhi, 29, a political activist from Khuzestan who migrated to the Netherlands four years ago. The more they repress, the more aggressive and angry people get.

Political analysts said the protests appeared to have delivered a severe blow to President Hassan Rouhani, a relative moderate in Irans political spectrum, all but guaranteeing that hard-liners would win upcoming parliamentary elections and the presidency in two years.

The tough response to the protests also appeared to signal a hardening rift between Irans leaders and sizable segments of the population of 83 million.

The governments response was uncompromising, brutal and rapid, said Henry Rome, an Iran analyst at the Eurasia Group, a political risk consultancy in Washington. Still, he said, the protests also had demonstrated that many Iranians are not afraid to take to the streets.

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What is the Internet of Things? Your IoT roadmap – Ericsson

Cellular IoT can address both the relatively simpler requirements of connecting devices that have a lower complexity such as wearables, simple metering, etc. as well as the highly specific, sensitive demands of complex environments and applications such as manufacturing or logistics.

Cellular IoT itself is a rapidly growing ecosystem based on 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) global standards. 3GPP works with telecommunications standard development organizations and provides its members with a stable environment to produce the reports and specifications that define 3GPP technologies.

3GPP standards are supported by an increasing number of communications service providers (CSPs) as well as device, chipset, module and network infrastructure vendors. It offers better performance than other Low-power wide-area (LPWA) network technologies in terms of unmatched global coverage, quality of service, scalability, security and the flexibility to handle the different requirements for a comprehensive range of use cases.

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Can New Norms of Behavior Extend the Rules-Based Order Into Cyberspace? – World Politics Review

Over the past quarter century, the internet has transformed human existence, dramatically altering everything from daily life, societal interactions and economic exchange, to political debates and geopolitical rivalries. In 1996, only 36 million people were online. Today, 3.7 billion are, and the remaining half of humanity will soon join them in the connected world. Although the benefits of cyberspace are undeniable, malicious state and criminal actors often use it to further their nefarious ends, while at times endangering its digital infrastructure. Hoping to protect this vulnerable domain, the Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace recently issued its final report, Advancing Cyberstability.

The commission, co-chaired by former U.S. Secretary of Homeland Security Michael Chertoff and former Indian Deputy National Security Adviser Latha Reddy, toiled for three years, consulting globally with governments, international organizations, private corporations, technical experts and members of civil society. According to Foreign Minister Stef Blok of the Netherlands, which helped underwrite the commissions work, one overriding conviction animated its efforts: Cyberspace cannot be an ungoverned space where bad guys can do what they want, he said in issuing the report at last months Paris Peace Forum. The rules-based order and international law must extend into cyberspace. ...

Can New Norms of Behavior Extend the Rules-Based Order Into Cyberspace? - World Politics Review

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FBI classifies FaceApp as counterintelligence threat, citing ties to Russian intelligence | TheHill – The Hill

The FBI has classified FaceApp as a counterintelligence threat due toits ties to Russia, with the FBI emphasizing that it will take action if it assesses the face-editing app is involved in election interference efforts.

In a letter sent to Senate Minority Leader Charles SchumerCharles (Chuck) Ellis SchumerWhy a second Trump term and a Democratic Congress could be a nightmare scenario for the GOP Army taking security assessment of TikTok after Schumer warning Trump signs short-term spending bill to avert shutdown MORE (D-N.Y.) on Nov. 25 that was made public on Monday, Jill Tyson, the assistant director of the FBIs Office of Congressional Affairs, wrote that given that the company that develops FaceApp is based in St. Petersburg, certain intelligence concerns were raised.

The FBI considers any mobile application or similar product developed in Russia, such as FaceApp, to be a potential counterintelligence threat, based on the data the product collects, its privacy and terms of use policies, and the legal mechanisms available to the Government of Russia that permit access to data within Russias borders, Tyson wrote.

In classifying FaceApp as a threat, Tyson pointed to the ability of the Russian Federal Security Service to remotely access all communications and servers on Russian networks without making a request to [internet service providers].

FaceApp involves the use of consumer data, including the uploading of a photo to manipulate. Tyson wrote that FaceApp uploads these photos to cloud servers in the United States, Singapore, Australia and New Zealand, and that the organization has previously claimed that it deletes photos from its servers within 48 hours of them being uploaded.

Due to concerns around Russian efforts to interfere in U.S. elections in 2016, Tyson emphasized that if FaceApp was found to be interfering with future U.S. elections in any way, the agency would take action.

If the FBI assesses that elected officials, candidates, political campaigns, or political parties are targets of foreign influence operations involving FaceApp, the FBI would coordinate notifications, investigate, and engage the Foreign Influence Task Force, as appropriate, Tyson wrote.

Tyson sent the letter in response to a separate letter sent to both the FBI and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) by Schumer in July. Schumer asked that the agencies look into potential national security and privacy concerns involved with FaceApp.

During a Senate floor speech on Monday, Schumer strongly urged Americans to delete apps like FaceApp, and emphasized that Russiamight not be the only country to pose a threat to national security through apps.

In light of the FBIs warning, I strongly urge all Americans to consider deleting apps like FaceApp immediately and to proceed with extreme caution when downloading apps developed in foreign countries that are known adversaries, Schumer said. The personal data it collects from a users device could end up in the hands of Russian Intelligence Services. Its simply not worth the risk.

Schumer added that Americans should be aware of the risks posed by certain mobile apps, particularly those developed in foreign countries that are known adversaries before they download them. The FBI didnt name other countries but Id certainly name not only Russia but China, Iran, and there are others.

FaceApp did not immediately respond to The Hills request for comment. FaceApp CEO Yaroslav Goncharov previously told The Guardian that user data was never transferred to Russia, and was instead stored on U.S.-controlled Amazon and Google cloud servers.

Schumer is not alone in expressing security concerns around FaceApp. In July, the Democratic National Committeesent out an alert to candidates warning them and their staff to not use FaceApp due to ties with Russia.

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Tech co. with Glasgow office merges, rebrands – Delaware Business Times

GLASGOW More than 20 years ago, two Delaware tech entrepreneurs founded a company to host websites and provide internet services for companies, and today it is helping companies move older systems to cloud-based services.

Lou Honick and Neil Heuer founded HostMySite in 1997 in the University Plaza office park off Chapman Road. Eight years later they built a data center, or a facility that is home to hundreds of computer servers that host websites, in Pencader Corporate Center off Route 896 in Glasgow.

Earlier this year, the company, then known as Hosting, merged with competitor Hostway to make one of the worlds largest managed cloud services platforms. In September, the whole operation was rebranded into Ntirety.

Emil Sayegh, CEO of Ntirety, said the companys new name was meant to signify that we solve the entirety of the IT problems for our customers.

The global company now headquartered in Austin, Texas, has 14 data centers and about 1,000 employees, including about 100 at its Glasgow office its largest in the United States. The company has about 3,200 clients, ranging from well-known brands like NFL Films, Smuckers and Smith & Wesson to smaller companies with different needs.

Sayegh said that the bulk of the companys revenue comes from assisting Fortune 2000 companies move from older computer systems to more modern cloud-based systems. Ntirety specializes in the health care, financial services, manufacturing and media sectors, which typically have additional regulatory and security concerns.

Ntiretys several-decade history helps it in these areas, because its better able to comprehend older systems and peel back the layers of platforms that clients have installed over the years, Sayegh said.

We come in and make sense of it all and help them move from something that is legacy to something that is more modern, he said.Where we found our value wasnt necessarily the hot new startup that already has people who know how to operate in the public cloud, but established companies that have a complex IT infrastructure on their hands.

Sayegh noted that with cybersecurity becoming a bigger issue than ever, Ntiretys high-trust-certified servers are of even more important to clients with regulatory and compliance requirements, pointing to the 2019 breach of 100 million Capital One customer accounts on Amazon Web Services servers.

As a cloud provider, I know that Amazon has certain requirements, but Capital One also has other requirements, Sayegh said.

While it does offer web hosting, the company focuses on providing services atop infrastructure, regardless of whether thats Ntiretys servers, a clients servers or public servers offered by Amazon, Google, Microsoft or others. To serve clients worldwide, Ntiretys operations are run 24/7, with offices in every American time zone and several overseas countries.

Ntirety strives for a supportive work culture and touted that many of the Glasgow offices tech professionals have been there for a decade, Sayegh said. Ntirety offers a certification reimbursement program and encourages employees to add new skills to their resume. Many of the offices leaders were grown from within, including Senior Vice President of Operations Jonathan Arena, who joined the company as an entry-level professional and worked his way up the hierarchy.

With a new name and new combined resources, Sayegh said that he plans to continue growing Ntiretys market position, both organically and through acquisition of other specialized service providers, and is seeking to add staff in Delaware.

We view ourselves as the consolidator rather than being consolidated, he said.

By Jacob Owens


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Gatsby Cloud and its Impact on the Headless CMS Space – CMSWire

The headless approach to content, commerce, and customer experience is exploding. In fact, in 2018, according to recent research from Pupuweb,29% of businesses were using a headless approach and another 38% planned to adopt one before 2020. Companies are finding, however, that headless comes with its own set of challenges that requires a slew of technologies to solve. Thats why Gatsby Cloud seems to be a turning point for the headless space.

Weve asked industry experts how Gatsby Cloud is impacting the headless tech space and what other innovative technologies are enabling the headless approach.

Related Article:24 Headless CMS That Should Be On Your Radar in 2019

Gatsby Cloud is a commercial platform meant to make launching static sites easier. Some of the new features include real-time previews, CMS integrations, and a cloud quick-start wizard. Gatsby Cloud helps solve many of the challenges with the headless approach, bringing enormous benefits to content creators and developers alike.

Caleb Sylvest, Partner & Experience Designer at Plano, T.X.-based Spacetime says for content creators, in particular, there is a lack of previewing live content with headless or other data-agnostic solutions. So, he explained, creating content for new pages or blog posts or profiles can feel disjointed without knowing how the end creation will look. He says Gatsby Cloud solves this issue by providing live previews as new content is added similar to other traditional platforms like WordPress or Shopify.

Gatsby Cloud can also help tech teams gather buy-in for adopting headless technologies because it greatly simplifies the process for creating new sites. This is crucial because headless software is usually much more developer-friendly, but the lack of previewing capabilities often puts content creators off to using the approach. The benefits can be huge, Sylvest said, but maintenance and growth still need to be manageable and easy to understand.

Matt Weinberg, Co-Founder and President, Technology & Development at Happy Cog believes the new cloud platform makes it easier for people to get sites up and running with Gatsby while having access to the tools and features they're used to with their other systems. Gatsby Cloud, however, isnt a threat to other static site generators or technologies, but rather its a turning point for the headless tech space. I think it helps expand the market by making it visible to a whole new set of people, Weinberg said. Gatsby Cloud shows whats possible with the headless approach by leveraging the right technologies.

While Gatsby Cloud is bringing plenty of ease to headless and static environments, there are a number of other technologies that can drastically improve headless content delivery to static sites.

One of the greatest benefits to websites built with static files is that theyre deployment is highly flexible. Take advantage of the static file structure Gatsby uses, Sylvest recommended, to host on servers optimized for flat file systems. He says Netlify, Fastly, or Surge all provide exceptional hosting at low cost. Weinberg also suggests Cloudflare Workers Sites as a great option for hosting static sites.

Gatsby Cloud offers integrations with hundreds of different CMSs, so organizations should find one that closely aligns with their needs.With the ability to use a Headless CMS, suggested Slyvest, try something new instead of WordPress or Drupal to manage content and data.

He says Contentful and Sanity, in particular, are great options for headless static sites.

While a headless CMS will likely store most of the content youd need, if you have other data sources GraphQL can simplify delivery. In addition, suggested Weinberg, consider using Apollo Server as the GraphQL server your static site pulls data from. He says its easy to set up and configure, even for large enterprise-grade sites.

Headless sites with lightweight tooling enable developers to streamline their processes. Follow a strict development workflow using Git and Github for code development, testing, and deployment, Sylvest suggested. This will give companies the speed and agility they need to quickly launch new websites or features.

One of the main drawbacks of headless static sites is slow build times. While Gatsby Cloud partly mitigates this issue with live previews, there are other tools that can help improve the build process. Weinberg suggests using CI/CD systems like CircleCI, Jenkins, or GitHub Actions. These can all help automate your build and deploy process and make sure your tests all run before deploying code, he added.

Gatsby Cloud will fan the flames of interest in headless content delivery to static sites and applications because it reduces the drawbacks and solves a number of issues many organizations would normally face with a pure headless CMS. It brings a frontend to a frontend-less environment.

However, Gatsby wont fuel a fully-fledged customer experience across channels. In their own words, Gatsby is a framework based on React that helps developers build blazing-fast websites and apps. In other words, If youre thinking that Gatsby can be the frontend layer for your entire digital experience, think again.

When it comes to smart speakers, digital signage, dynamic sites, and dynamic applications, youll need to extend your frontend technology stack.

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This Holiday Season, Give Your Data Center Manager the Gift of Clarity – Data Economy

As appreciation for the benefits of cloudcontinue to grow, enterprise investment in the technology is booming. Withboards and executives eager to utilise cloud within their organisation, thepressure is on to find and deploy a cloud platform that will helpmaintaina competitive edge. Too often, however, we see businesses opting for cloudproviders they believe offer their organisation the best benefit package.

Instead of letting vendors sell them a sparkly single cloud package, companies must deep-dive into their business to understand the different areas and how they will each benefit from the cloud.

Having these requirements at the forefront will help companies choose a cloud strategy which will truly reap the benefits. This is where a multi-cloud strategy can be the hero, offering businesses the flexibility, security and cost-efficiency they expect from the cloud.

One size does not fit all

Historically, businesses have relied on a single, on-premise data center to house all their data and applications. Now, in order to innovate and remain competitive, companies are making the leap to cloud.

Some may be tempted to create their own private cloud network in order to be completely in control at all times and not reliant on third parties. Yet many often underestimate the challenge of having an in-house, private network; not just with the set-up itself, but also the level of skills associated with maintaining the network in the long-term.

Another go-to for companies is using a public cloud platform such as AWS or Microsoft Azure which are scalable, flexible and easily accessible. However, proximity can be an issue, with companies needing to process data near its source, otherwise latency can impact results.

Other challenges can include the ease of renting space in the cloud itself, which can lead to sprawl and thereby a premium for that flexibility; as well as limitations in the solutions for different kinds of applications and workloads with some requiring very high performance while others need low-cost deep storage.

Importantly, governance and security can become more difficult to stay on top of, with businesses struggling to know and control where their data is kept in the public cloud.


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The rise of multicloud

This is not to dismiss the value and advantagesof public cloud but rather to highlight how a multicloud platform can be theperfect approach for adopting cloud in to the enterprise moving forward. Withmulticloud, companies can choose which areas of the business should go incertain cloud networks based on their needs and suitability, instead of pilingeverything into one cloud, crossing their fingers and hoping for thebest.

Flexibility is one of the key buzzwordsassociated with cloud and being able to exercise that to a full extent is oneof the many benefits of a multicloud strategy. Instead of adapting andconstraining workloads and applications to fit the cloud provider you alreadyhave, using multicloud allows you to deploy the right application in the rightplace.

By using a combination of private cloud, public cloud and on-premise servers, companies can sort different facets of the company depending on their needs. Mission-critical applications can stay onsite to eliminate reliance on any single cloud provider, as well as offering flexibility in case of an outage or unexpected change.

Apps that need elasticity, on the other hand, can straddle on-premise servers and the cloud; for example, testing and development can take place in a public cloud but production can be carried out on-premise. Business requirements change rapidly but by using multicloud resources can be scaled up or down at any time.

Despite the influx of cloud technology within enterprise, companies are still committed to on-premise servers. Investing in multicloud in tandem with on-premise servers and data centres can often be the most cost-effective model for companies.

As cloud technology matures, basic aspects will see prices fall, especially in comparison with primary storage. In addition, having multiple cloud providers with a common operating model is key to ensuring that operational costs dont overcome the savings you get from cloud.

Its also wise to avoid being tied to one vendor in order to reduce the risk of security issues shutting down your companys main source of applications and data.

As cyber-attacks become more sophisticated, a single cloud provider will struggle to keep security measures as up to date as a multi-pronged cloud strategy. Many regulatory bodies also demand that businesses diversify their cloud infrastructure in industries such as banking and healthcare.

Reaping the benefits

Undeniably, cloud technology is appreciated for its ability to cut costs, improve workload and application performance, improve business efficiency and flexibility as well as allowing companies to innovate and leverage emerging technologies.

In order to really reap these benefits, its important that companies have the choice and freedom to decide when and how they want to use different cloud providers where certain features cater to varying needs across the business.

This is where a multicloud strategy is key. Not only does it allow businesses to maximise their cloud investment, but it reduces the risk of vendor lock-in, and enables companies to innovate and meet their business requirements as well as the needs of their customers.

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Media Giant Meredith Corporation Selects Nasuni To Help Move Traditional On-Premises File Infrastructure To Amazon Web Services – PRNewswire

BOSTON, Dec. 2, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Nasuni, a leading provider of cloud file services, today announced that Meredith Corporation, the No. 1 magazine operator in the U.S. and owner of brands such as PEOPLE, Better Homes & Gardens, InStyle, REAL SIMPLE and Parents, moved to Nasuni to deliver a global file system on Amazon Web Services (AWS). AWS supports industry leaders like Meredith with scale, multi-site file sharing and powerful cloud migration capabilities. With Nasuni, Meredith can enable fast, reliable collaboration between many office locations without heavy infrastructure at each site.

Meredith chose Nasuni to address its unstructured data challenges because of the service's simplicity, cost savings and performance. Nasuni's cloud file services leverage the strengths of both AWS and edge devices, helping Meredith to reduce its on-premises infrastructure by 80%, eliminate traditional backup, and let teams collaborate faster to accelerate design and editing cycles. Nasuni Cloud File Servicesis designed in accordance with theAWS Well-Architected Framework, which helps cloud architects build secure, high-performing, resilient, and efficient infrastructure solutions.

Dave Coffman, Meredith's director of enterprise infrastructure, said, "We tried all different types of technology approaches, but we could never catch our white whale, a global file system. We used to robocopy from a file server in Iowa to New York, but that was slow and difficult. Now we robocopy to Nasuni and let the magic happen. It's faster and much more reliable, so there's a lot less stress before the deadline."

In addition, Nasuni recently launched its Nasuni Cloud Migrator for AWS, which lets customers prepare, plan, execute and operationalize unstructured data workloads for a successful cloud-first strategy. Data migration seamlessly moves to Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) faster and with less effort. Other features on display include Nasuni's support for AWS Snowball, enabling petabyte-scale data transfers to AWS, as well as the Nasuni Analytics Connector that provides the ability to harness unstructured data into company insights with AWS.

In addition, Nasuni will be showcasing many new solutions for AWS at AWS re:Invent 2019, including:

"Traditional NAS can't deliver the scalability, easy collaboration and simplified management that media companies like Meredith require," said Andres Rodriguez, founder and chief technology officer of Nasuni. "Nasuni's global file system, combined with the power of AWS, makes it easy to store, protect and provide access to files, no matter how large they may be."

For more information on Nasuni Cloud Migrator for AWS and other enhancements, visit

About NasuniNasuni is a file services platform built for the cloud, powered by the world's only global file system. Nasuni consolidates network attached storage (NAS) and file server silos in cloud storage, delivering infinite scale, built-in backup, global file sharing, and local file server performance, all at half the cost of traditional file infrastructures. Leading companies from a wide array of industries rely on Nasuni to share and collaborate on files across multiple sites, enhance workforce productivity, reduce IT cost and complexity, and maximize the business value of their file data. Sectors served by Nasuni include manufacturing, construction, creative services, technology, pharmaceuticals, consumer goods, oil and gas, financial services, and public sector agencies. Nasuni is based in Boston, Mass. For more information, visit

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Unsecured Server with Private Data from Millions of SMS Messages Found Online – Security Boulevard

A database owned by TrueDialog storing millions of SMS text messages in plain text was found online, accessible to anyone and unprotected by passwords.

The data in the rogue database was found accessible online by vpnMentor security researchers Noam Rotem and Ran Locar. The millions of SMS messages included university finance applications, discount codes, usernames, passwords, and two-factor authentication numbers.

TrueDialog, based in Austin, Texas, collaborates with almost 1,000 network operators to send bulk SMS messages, from small and large businesses to users from all over the world.

When the researchers found the database, it was holding about 604 GB of data, with over 1 billion private entries. It was hosted on Microsoft Azure and ran on the Oracle Marketing Cloud, in the US. The fact that it was all stored in plain text immediately drew the researchers attention. All of TrueDialogs client base was exposed, including their customers and phone numbers.

There is also a significant impact for TrueDialog themselves, not including how this will negatively affect their reputation. Their competitors could have gotten a look into their backend and seen how the company is run from within, said vpnMentors researchers. This would have given them a way to copy, or improve upon, the business model that has brought TrueDialog success. And now that TrueDialog failed at keeping its customer database safe, its competitors can also take advantage of the bad publicity the brand is going to receive, and even take over their customers.

While leaving names and phone numbers in the open is a big problem, the issue surrounding this leak is much more extensive. The emails can be used in targeted phishing scams, people are now susceptible to SIM-jacking, and other accounts from various other services are exposed as well. And thats not even acknowledging how competitors could use this wealth of data.

According to TechCrunch, the owners pulled the database offline as soon as they found out but failed to communicate any other subsequent measures. At the very least, all of the people targeted by SMSs from them should be notified that their private information is now in the open. Also, the companies that used TrueDialogs services should be made aware of the breach.

This is the second major incident in less than a week involving a massive database full of private information left out in the open. Personal data for 1.2 billion people was discovered in an open Elasticsearch mystery server, most likely originating from People Data Labs (PDL).

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*** This is a Security Bloggers Network syndicated blog from HOTforSecurity authored by Silviu STAHIE. Read the original post at:

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Unsecured Server with Private Data from Millions of SMS Messages Found Online - Security Boulevard

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