The power of quantum computers creates an unprecedented threat to the security of our data through its potential to break the cryptography that underpins our digital ecosystem. The technology community can address and manage this risk that has the potential to act as a strategic blocker to the wider adoption of Quantum technology; doing so will help unlock the trillion-dollar potential value of quantum technology to the global economy.
For all the dramatic advances they will offer, quantum computers could threaten our ability to encrypt information and exchange it securely. While this development has the potential for significant economic and geopolitical disruption, the technology to mitigate this risk exists today and it also presents a transformative opportunity to deliver a new level of digital trust and security.
What the world needs is a quantum security coalition, a global community of those who are committed to promoting the safe and secure adoption of new quantum applications, promoting better quantum literacy among global leaders, and accelerating a secure global ecosystem, including quantum security technology, that will be able to unlock the true value and potential of this technology securely.
Quantum science is now being harnessed to build a strong cybersecurity response to both a future as well as the current threat landscape. The resultant technologies can provide the basis for a new security foundation that will offer a step-change in our ability to secure our digital infrastructure but we need action now to incentivize their widespread adoption across the digital ecosystem.
Leveraging the laws of physics, quantum-enabled technologies, such as quantum key distribution and quantum random number generation, are not susceptible to attacks from either quantum computers or powerful mathematical techniques. As such they can provide robust and future-proof security and potentially a new paradigm of trust not currently available using traditional approaches.
These physics-based approaches, based on advanced cybersecurity software and next-generation cryptographic strategies (known as post-quantum algorithms), deliver resilient cybersecurity infrastructure capable of safeguarding our digital lives and connected societies today and into the future. Quantum-enabled technologies form the core of the quantum principles that can be employed to assure the security of digital communications. The following examples of potential applications will play a critical role in building trust in the digital ecosystem.:
1. Quantum key distribution technology uses quantum effects to protect the most critical and vulnerable link in the security chain: the exchange of encryption keys between parties. The diagram below illustrates a quantum key distribution system using an optical fibre-based channel to exchange key material, protected by the laws of quantum physics. Adaptations to other channels such as 'over-the-air' quantum key distribution are also maturing.
Quantum key distribution (QKD)
Image: Quintessence Labs
2. Quantum effects can also be harnessed to deliver high-speed streams of truly random (known as full entropy) bits, which can be used to construct high-quality encryption keys. By virtue of being truly random, and thus unpredictable, such keys are more secure. Devices capturing these quantum effects are now mature and are today being deployed in existing technology and infrastructure.
The importance of entropy in security is well illustrated by cautionary tales of what has happened when too much reliance has been placed on deterministic or algorithmic approaches to generating random numbers.
In 2017, Russian hackers cheated casinos out of millions of dollars by targeting weak (software-based) pseudo-random number generation algorithms in slot machines. They used smartphones to record the patterns of the spins of slot machine wheels and then reverse-engineered the underlying random number-generation algorithm. This enabled the hackers to predict the spins and monetize this predictability. As a consequence, the gaming industry has been one of the first to start realizing the potential power of quantum-enabled true random number generation.
The foundations of this new security paradigm are firmly in place; however more work is needed to drive broad adoption. This is a new technology, and within the security ecosystem progress is being made within the academic, innovation labs and specialist technical communities. But within the security field we see two main barriers that the wider community needs to address:
Barrier 1: Maturity and standards
While quantum entropy is a known, highly capable technology for generating encryption keys that is also ready for broad implementation, there still remain barriers to the deployment of other components of the quantum principles, specifically post-quantum algorithms and quantum key distribution. This includes determining which of the proposed post-quantum algorithms will provide the most robust and durable security while minimizing operational impacts and costs. Similarly, there are multiple different types of quantum key distribution under development that meet a range of needs, and potentially causing confusion among early adopters.
Barrier 2: Building the quantum security ecosystem
Currently, there is a major gap in both awareness of and information about the potential applications, risks and security solutions associated with quantum technology. For leaders charged with ensuring the security and integrity of the systems on which businesses rely, there is still hyperbole in the quantum security debate. The community can change this by building quantum literacy at the board and CEO level. This will require actions at the individual as well as the collective leadership level from gaining an inventory of information assets (including shared infrastructure) and developing a comprehensive understanding of risks potentially impacted by quantum technology to building a roadmap identifying key milestones and trigger events.
In parallel, this technology transition requires the urgent development of a pipeline of professionals to implement these principles effectively. The quantum security market alone is expected to grow to globally to $25 billion in just a few short years. The community needs to start investing in skills and the supply ecosystem must start preparing for a quantum-enabled safe and digitally secure posture. The acceleration of government-led initiatives such as those announced in the US, EU, India, Japan, and Australia will also help.
It is imperative that the cybersecurity community begins to build and accelerate its adoption of quantum security technology, and to move its value from the technical to the transformative space. This emerging technology is already being implemented to build a strong cybersecurity response to the potential cryptographic threat, but these new quantum-enabled technologies provide the basis for a new security foundation that will offer a step-change in our ability to secure digital infrastructure.
Continue reading here:
- Book review: 'The Book of Two Ways' | Features | telegraphherald.com - telegraphherald.com - September 27th, 2020
- Book Review: Six Impossible Things, By John Gribbbin - Forbes - September 27th, 2020
- Honeywells Tony Uttley And The Quest For Quantum - Forbes - September 27th, 2020
- New on the book shelf: Saturday, Sept. 26, 2020 - Kankakee Daily Journal - September 27th, 2020
- Photon-recoil imaging: Expanding the view of nonlinear x-ray physics - Science Magazine - September 27th, 2020
- Physicists Play With the Laws of Nature: Controlling Ultrastrong Light-Matter Coupling at Room Temperature - SciTechDaily - September 27th, 2020
- Einstein was wrong! Scientists call for new theory of relativity after black hole find - Daily Express - September 27th, 2020
- GPT-3s bigotry is exactly why devs shouldnt use the internet to train AI - The Next Web - September 27th, 2020
- This researcher is getting others ready for a quantum world - Siliconrepublic.com - September 24th, 2020
- What is Nanoscience? | Outlook and How to Invest | INN - Investing News Network - September 24th, 2020
- Hybrid lightmatter particles offer tantalising new way to control chemistry - Chemistry World - September 15th, 2020
- NTT Research and University of Notre Dame Collaborate to Explore Continuous-Time Analog Computing - Business Wire - September 15th, 2020
- New quantum paradox throws the foundations of observed reality into question - Space.com - September 12th, 2020
- Breakthrough Prize Awarded to University of Texas at Austin Researcher - UT News - UT News | The University of Texas at Austin - September 12th, 2020
- When We Cease to Understand the World by Benjamn Labatut review the dark side of science - The Guardian - September 12th, 2020
- Unlocking the mysteries of superconductivity | Stanford News - Stanford University News - September 12th, 2020
- The CSIC obtains seven ERC Starting Grants to study topics such as the evolution, the human brain and exoplanets - Science Business - September 12th, 2020
- Research Fellow in Quantum Spin Hall Spintronics job with UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS | 225312 - Times Higher Education (THE) - September 12th, 2020
- New Proposal Arises for The Theory Of Everything, Reconciling Quantum Mechanics and General Relativity - Webby Feed - September 12th, 2020
- U of T physicists discover that quantum tunnelling is not instantaneous - Varsity - September 8th, 2020
- What Erwin Schrdinger Said About the Upanishads - The Wire Science - September 8th, 2020
- Physics is stuck and needs another Einstein to revolutionize it, physicist Avi Loeb says - Salon - September 8th, 2020
- Our quantum internet breakthrough could help make hacking a thing of the past - GCN.com - September 8th, 2020
- Mechanism Proposed to Explain Resilience of Superconductors to Magnetic Fields - AZoQuantum - September 8th, 2020
- If you flew your spaceship through a wormhole, could you make it out alive? Maybe... - SYFY WIRE - September 2nd, 2020
- Quantum Physics May Upend Our Macroscopic Reality In The Universe - Forbes - September 2nd, 2020
- Despite the Hype, There's No Proof of a Parallel Universe Now. Powered by - Now. Powered by Northrop Grumman. - September 2nd, 2020
- Science with Sam: Is our reality just one part of a multiverse? - New Scientist News - September 2nd, 2020
- New Quantum Toolbox Helps Extend Theory Behind Electron-Light Interactions - AZoQuantum - September 2nd, 2020
- Two Pune Research Institutes Are Building Indias First Optical Atomic Clocks - The Wire - September 2nd, 2020
- Intel ups the ante on quantum computing research - IT-Online - September 2nd, 2020
- Armenian President on how Bach and quantum physics inspire him in the fight against Covid-19 - Public Radio of Armenia - August 29th, 2020
- As for each physicists, there is a new quantum paradox, there is a casting of doubt on the pillar of reality... - The Queens County Citizen - August 29th, 2020
- Physicists may have found a way to create traversable wormholes - ZME Science - August 29th, 2020
- Bill and Ted 'Face the Music' in their latest movie, as we all have to eventually - NBC News - August 29th, 2020
- How to use Steams new chat filters to block profanity and slurs - The Next Web - August 29th, 2020
- A continent works to grow its stake in quantum computing - University World News - August 28th, 2020
- Physics - Letters to the EditorAugust 26, 2020 - Physics - August 28th, 2020
- Science with Sam: What is a black hole? And could you survive one? - New Scientist News - August 28th, 2020
- A new quantum paradox throws the foundations of observed reality into question - The Conversation AU - August 24th, 2020
- A Meta-Theory of Physics Could Explain Life, the Universe, Computation, and More - Gizmodo - August 24th, 2020
- New Microsoft program to help develop the quantum computing workforce of the future in India - Microsoft - August 24th, 2020
- Constructor Theory Could Explain Life, Universe, and Existence - Science Times - August 24th, 2020
- How Physics Erases The Beginning Of The Universe - Forbes - August 24th, 2020
- Next Generation Jammer Mid-Band takes to the skies for Growler flight testing - PRNewswire - August 24th, 2020
- MIP* = RE this is not a typo, it's a breakthrough shaking up world of physics and maths - ThePrint - August 24th, 2020
- 5 esoteric science papers to take your mind off the global hellscape - The Next Web - August 24th, 2020
- Theory of Everything? One of These Theories Could Explain the Very Nature of Our Universe... Maybe - Interesting Engineering - August 24th, 2020
- Dr Katie Mack on how the Universe is going to end - BBC Focus Magazine - August 24th, 2020
- Quantum mechanics is immune to the butterfly effect - The Economist - August 16th, 2020
- Major quantum computational breakthrough is shaking up physics and maths - The Conversation UK - August 16th, 2020
- 6 new degrees approved, including graduate degrees in biostatistics and quantum information science: News at IU - IU Newsroom - August 16th, 2020
- Students in the news | Announcements - Indiana Gazette - August 16th, 2020
- A time traveler's guide to the end of the universe - The Next Web - August 16th, 2020
- Physicists watch quantum particles tunnel through solid barriers. Here's what they found. - Space.com - August 12th, 2020
- This is the way the universe ends: not with a whimper, but a bang - Science Magazine - August 12th, 2020
- Quantum Computing for the Next Generation of Computer Scientists and Researchers - Campus Technology - August 12th, 2020
- Quantum-safe security firm evolutionQ awarded contribution from Canada Space Agency for Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) Network Research and... - August 12th, 2020
- Nuh Gedik and Pablo Jarillo-Herrero are 2020 Moore Experimental Investigators in Quantum Materials - MIT News - August 12th, 2020
- Physicists watch quantum particles tunnel through solid barriers. Here's what they found. - Live Science - August 8th, 2020
- Taking a risk on theoretical physics | symmetry magazine - Symmetry magazine - August 8th, 2020
- The Force of Nothingness Has Been Used to Manipulate Objects - ScienceAlert - August 8th, 2020
- Loop Quantum Cosmology Theory: Cosmic Tango Between the Very Small and the Very Large - SciTechDaily - August 8th, 2020
- New Atomtronic Device to Probe Weird Boundary Between Quantum and Everyday Worlds - SciTechDaily - July 21st, 2020
- New Process Simplifies the Transmission of Quantum Data - AZoQuantum - July 21st, 2020
- Money & Markets: After the virus, make sure you've read the inflationary playbook - E&T Magazine - July 21st, 2020
- The world on a string a primer - The Irish Times - July 21st, 2020
- The universe's clock might have bigger ticks than we imagine - Space.com - July 19th, 2020
- How Quantum Mechanics will Change the Tech Industry - Unite.AI - July 19th, 2020
- Read Before Pontificating on Quantum Technology - War on the Rocks - July 19th, 2020
- The universe might have a fundamental clock that ticks very, very fast - Science News - July 19th, 2020
- Epigenetics and pandemics: How allopathy can turn into a curse from a cure - The Times of India Blog - July 19th, 2020
- What is the most important phrase in all science according to the Nobel Prize for Physics Richard Feynman and why - Explica - July 19th, 2020
- Light From Inside the Tunnel: Advance in Steering and Monitoring the Light-Driven Motion of Electrons - SciTechDaily - July 19th, 2020
- Pure math takes PhD across the world - University of Victoria News - July 19th, 2020
- VFX Supervisor Andrew Whitehurst Grapples With The Intricacies Of Quantum Physics On Sci-Fi Thriller Devs - Deadline - July 9th, 2020
- Book review: From Infinity to Man: The Fundamental Ideas of Kabbalah - The Jerusalem Post - July 7th, 2020
- Book review: Travels with Sushi in the Land of the Mind - The Jerusalem Post - July 7th, 2020
- Raytheon Technologies to release second quarter results on July 28, 2020 - PRNewswire - July 7th, 2020
- A Brighter Tomorrow > News > USC Dornsife - USC Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences - July 7th, 2020