For 100 years scientists have disagreed on how to interpret quantum mechanics. A recent study by Jussi Lindgren and Jukka Liukkonen supports an interpretation that is close to classical scientific principles.
Quantum mechanics arose in the 1920s and since then scientists have disagreed on how best to interpret it. Many interpretations, including the Copenhagen interpretation presented by Niels Bohr and Werner Heisenberg and in particular von Neumann-Wigner interpretation, state that the consciousness of the person conducting the test affects its result. On the other hand, Karl Popper and Albert Einstein thought that an objective reality exists. Erwin Schrdinger put forward the famous thought experiment involving the fate of an unfortunate cat that aimed to describe the imperfections of quantum mechanics.
Photo: Jukka Liukkonen (left) and Jussi Lindgren (right) describe Heisenbergs uncertainty principle. Credit: Aalto University
In their most recent article, Finnish civil servants Jussi Lindgren and Jukka Liukkonen, who study quantum mechanics in their free time, take a look at the uncertainty principle that was developed by Heisenberg in 1927. According to the traditional interpretation of the principle, location and momentum cannot be determined simultaneously to an arbitrary degree of precision, as the person conducting the measurement always affects the values.
However, in their study Lindgren and Liukkonen concluded that the correlation between a location and momentum, i.e. their relationship, is fixed. In other words, reality is an object that does not depend on the person measuring it. Lindgren and Liukkonen utilized stochastic dynamic optimization in their study. In their theorys frame of reference, Heisenbergs uncertainty principle is a manifestation of thermodynamic equilibrium, in which correlations of random variables do not vanish.
But is an explanation really an explanation, if its a vague one? Jussi Lindgren
The results suggest that there is no logical reason for the results to be dependent on the person conducting the measurement. According to our study, there is nothing that suggests that the consciousness of the person would disturb the results or create a certain result or reality, says Jussi Lindgren.
This interpretation supports such interpretations of quantum mechanics that support classical scientific principles.
The interpretation is objective and realistic, and at the same time as simple as possible. We like clarity and prefer to remove all mysticism, says Liukkonen.
The researchers published their last article in December 2019, which also utilized mathematical analysis as a tool to explain quantum mechanics. The method they used was stochastic optimal control theory, which has been used to solve such challenges as how to send a rocket from the Earth to the Moon.
Following Occams razor, the law of parsimony named after William of Ockham, the researchers have now chosen the simplest explanation from those that fit.
We study quantum mechanics as a statistical theory. The mathematical tool is clear, but some might think it is a boring one. But is an explanation really an explanation, if its a vague one? asks Lindgren.
In addition to the study of quantum mechanics, Lindgren and Liukkonen have many other things in common: they were both members of the same maths club at Kuopio Lyceum High School, they both have done post-graduate research, and both have careers as civil servants. Liukkonen has already finished his PhD dissertation on endoscopic ultrasound on joints and now works as an inspector at Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority.
Physics is a great hobby for a civil servant. Together we have agonized over how the interpretations of quantum mechanics make no sense, says Liukkonen.
Lindgrens dissertation currently consists of various mathematical articles trying to explain quantum mechanics. He works full-time as a ministerial adviser at Prime Ministers Office where he has been negotiating such issues as the EUs recovery plan. A decade ago, he also participated in negotiations on Greeces loan guarantees, as a junior official.
Lindgren and Liukkonens idea of a paradise is a festival conference that would combine short films with lectures on quantum physics.
Physicists and artists could find new ways to work together after all, both areas are manifestations of creativity, says Lindgren.
Reference: The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle as an Endogenous Equilibrium Property of Stochastic Optimal Control Systems in Quantum Mechanics by Jussi Lindgren and Jukka Liukkonen, 17 September 2020, Symmetry.DOI: 10.3390/sym12091533
Read the original:
- New quantum technology projects to solve mysteries of the universe - Open Access Government - January 14th, 2021
- Exploring the unanswered questions of our universe with quantum technologies - University of Birmingham - January 14th, 2021
- Wormholes may be lurking in the universe and new studies are proposing ways of finding them - The Conversation UK - January 14th, 2021
- University of Sheffield to lead multi-million pound project which could open up a new frontier in physics - University of Sheffield News - January 14th, 2021
- Raytheon UK part of team transforming the Royal Navy's technology, training and learning solutions - PRNewswire - January 14th, 2021
- Optical selection and sorting of nanoparticles according to quantum mechanical properties - Science Advances - January 14th, 2021
- The unhackable computers that could revolutionize the future - CNN - January 8th, 2021
- Birds Have a Mysterious 'Quantum Sense'. For The First Time, Scientists Saw It in Action - ScienceAlert - January 8th, 2021
- How understanding light has led to a hundred years of bright ideas - The Economist - January 8th, 2021
- Tokyo Institute of Technology: Quantum Mysteries: Probing an Unusual State in the Superconductor-Insulator Transition - India Education Diary - January 8th, 2021
- Quantum Nanodevice Can Be Both a Heat Engine and Refrigerator at the Same Time - SciTechDaily - January 8th, 2021
- Illumination at the limits of knowledge - The Economist - January 8th, 2021
- The top 20 most random things that happened in 2020: Nos. 16-20 - 104.3 The Fan - January 6th, 2021
- Detective Work in Theoretical Physics: Comprehensive Review of Physics of Interacting Particles - SciTechDaily - January 6th, 2021
- New Quantum-Based Distance Measurement Method for GPS and LIDAR - AZoQuantum - January 6th, 2021
- Raytheon Technologies Appoints Marie R. Sylla-Dixon as Chief Diversity Officer to Further Advance Diversity, Equity and Inclusion Initiatives -... - January 6th, 2021
- Quantum Superposition Evidenced by Measuring Interaction of Light with Vibration - AZoQuantum - December 24th, 2020
- Superpositions The Cosmic Weirdness of Quantum Mechanics - The Daily Galaxy --Great Discoveries Channel - December 24th, 2020
- Here's Why Quantum Computing Will Not Break Cryptocurrencies - Forbes - December 24th, 2020
- Irish researchers reveal how Santa delivers toys to billions in one night - BreakingNews.ie - December 24th, 2020
- Eight ways Argonne advanced science in 2020 - Newswise - December 24th, 2020
- Scaling the heights of quantum computing to deliver real results - Chinadaily.com.cn - China Daily - December 24th, 2020
- MIT's quantum entangled atomic clock could still be ticking after billions of years - SYFY WIRE - December 24th, 2020
- Matter Deconstructed: The Observer Effect and Photography - PetaPixel - December 24th, 2020
- Everything you need to know about quantum physics (almost ... - December 21st, 2020
- Quantum mechanics - Wikipedia - December 21st, 2020
- Six Things Everyone Should Know About Quantum Physics - December 21st, 2020
- Counter-Intuitive Quantum Mechanics: State of Vibration That Exists Simultaneously at Two Different Times - SciTechDaily - December 21st, 2020
- A state of vibration that exists simultaneously at two different times - Tech Explorist - December 21st, 2020
- This Incredible Particle Only Arises in Two Dimensions - Popular Mechanics - December 21st, 2020
- Quantum Mechanics, the Mind-Body Problem and Negative Theology - Scientific American - December 17th, 2020
- Quantum Interference Phenomenon Identified That Occurs Through Time - SciTechDaily - December 17th, 2020
- 9 Most Confusing Sci-Fi Movies That Feel Like You Need a PhD in Quantum Physics - FandomWire - December 17th, 2020
- Expanding the Scope of Electronic-Structure Theory - Physics - December 17th, 2020
- Physicists attempt to unify all forces of nature and rectify Einstein's biggest failure - Livescience.com - December 17th, 2020
- Black dwarf supernovae: The last explosions in the Universe - SYFY WIRE - December 17th, 2020
- Orford 17-year-old is among brightest young minds in north west - Warrington Guardian - December 17th, 2020
- Meet the kaon - Symmetry magazine - November 10th, 2020
- There Are Places in the World Where Rules Are Less Important Than Kindness by Carlo Rovelli review - The Guardian - November 10th, 2020
- Digging into the 3D Quantum Hall Effect - Physics - November 10th, 2020
- Physicists Circumvent 178-Year Old Theory to Cancel Magnetic Fields - SciTechDaily - November 10th, 2020
- A Modem With a Tiny Mirror Cabinet Could Help Connect The Quantum Internet - ScienceAlert - November 8th, 2020
- Quantum Technology: Harnessing the Power of Quantum Mechanics - Analytics Insight - November 8th, 2020
- Will the Universe Remember Us after We're Gone? - Scientific American - November 8th, 2020
- Threat of Quantum Computing to Bitcoin Should be Taken Seriously, But theres Enough Time to Upgrade Current Security Systems, Experts Claim -... - November 8th, 2020
- Pablo Jarillo-Herrero receives the Lise Meitner Distinguished Lecture and Medal - MIT News - November 8th, 2020
- Lighting up the ion trap - MIT News - November 8th, 2020
- For Thomas Searles, a passion for people and science at HBCUs and MIT - MIT News - November 8th, 2020
- University of Kansas Team Explore Heavy-Ion Particle Physics - Pagosa Daily Post - November 8th, 2020
- Reimagining the laser: new ideas from quantum theory could herald a revolution - The Conversation AU - October 29th, 2020
- Deep Reality: Art, Physics, the Unseeable and Space-Time - UNM Newsroom - October 29th, 2020
- Physicist breaks down the science of 11 iconic DC movie scenes - Insider - INSIDER - October 29th, 2020
- Q&A: Stanford MacArthur fellows talk creativity and 'publish or perish' - The Stanford Daily - October 29th, 2020
- Prime Minister's Prize for Science awarded to gravitational wave scientists - ABC News - October 29th, 2020
- Is math really the language of nature? This physicist is on a quest to find out. - News@Northeastern - October 29th, 2020
- Life and Work: Teaching in the Time of COVID: A Tale of Three Universities - All Together - Society of Women Engineers - October 29th, 2020
- COMMENTARY Covid seen to worsen poverty - The BVI Beacon - BVI Beacon - October 29th, 2020
- Quantum Time Twist Offers a Way to Create Schrdinger's Clock - Scientific American - October 24th, 2020
- Quantum Tunnels Show How Particles Can Break the Speed of Light - Quanta Magazine - October 24th, 2020
- A New Timekeeping Theory Reconciles Einstein's Relativity and Quantum Clocks - Science Times - October 24th, 2020
- Could Schrdingers cat exist in real life? We propose an experiment to find out - Scroll.in - October 24th, 2020
- Post-doctoral Fellow, Department of Physics job with THE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG | 230760 - Times Higher Education (THE) - October 24th, 2020
- Province gives $11.8M to U of C for quantum research, other projects - Calgary Herald - October 24th, 2020
- Physicists clock the fastest possible speed of sound - Live Science - October 24th, 2020
- Column: A new era of electric vehicles could be on the way - Gainesville Times - October 24th, 2020
- Beyond Homo Sapiens A Slightly Different Roll of the Darwinian Dice (Weekend Feature) - The Daily Galaxy --Great Discoveries Channel - October 24th, 2020
- Diamonds Are a Quantum Scientist's Best Friend: Discovery May Revolutionize the High-Tech Industry - SciTechDaily - October 24th, 2020
- The many paths of muon math | symmetry magazine - Symmetry magazine - October 24th, 2020
- Sumit Das to Deliver 2019-20 A&S Distinguished Professor Lecture on 'Deconstructing Space-Time' - UKNow - October 24th, 2020
- Of Science, Philosophy and Revelation - Greater Kashmir - October 24th, 2020
- In Waterloo they're looking for nature's deepest and weirdest secrets - National Observer - October 24th, 2020
- Max Planck and the Birth of Quantum Mechanics - SciTechDaily - October 15th, 2020
- Bringing the promise of quantum computing to nuclear physics - MSUToday - October 15th, 2020
- Could Schrdinger's cat exist in real life? Our research may soon provide the answer - The Conversation AU - October 15th, 2020
- A Force From Nothing Used to Control and Manipulate Objects - SciTechDaily - October 15th, 2020
- Facebook and Carnegie Mellon launch project to discover better ways to store renewable energy - VentureBeat - October 15th, 2020
- The Week of October 12, 2020 - FYI: Science Policy News - October 15th, 2020
- Analyst: Holding Company Sentiment Has Gone From 'Cautiously Optimistic' To 'Apathetic,' IPG To Lead The Group 10/14/2020 - MediaPost Communications - October 15th, 2020
- Book review: 'The Book of Two Ways' | Features | telegraphherald.com - telegraphherald.com - September 27th, 2020
- Book Review: Six Impossible Things, By John Gribbbin - Forbes - September 27th, 2020