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How Encryption Works | HowStuffWorks

When we use the Internet, we're not always just clicking around and passively taking in information, such as reading news articles or blog posts -- a great deal of our time online involves sending others our own information. Ordering something over the Internet, whether it's a book, a CD or anything else from an online vendor, or signing up for an online account, requires entering in a good deal of sensitive personal information. A typical transaction might include not only our names, e-mail addresses and physical address and phone number, but also passwords and personal identification numbers (PINs).

The incredible growth of the Internet has excited businesses and consumers alike with its promise of changing the way we live and work. It's extremely easy to buy and sell goods all over the world while sitting in front of a laptop. But security is a major concern on the Internet, especially when you're using it to send sensitive information between parties.

Let's face it, there's a whole lot of information that we don't want other people to see, such as:

Information security is provided on computers and over the Internet by a variety of methods. A simple but straightforward security method is to only keep sensitive information on removable storage media like portable flash memory drives or external hard drives. But the most popular forms of security all rely on encryption, the process of encoding information in such a way that only the person (or computer) with the key can decode it.

In this article, you will learn about encryption and authentication. You will also learn about public-key and symmetric-key systems, as well as hash algorithms.

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How Quantum Computers Work | HowStuffWorks

The massive amount of processing power generated by computer manufacturers has not yet been able to quench our thirst for speed and computing capacity. In 1947, American computer engineer Howard Aiken said that just six electronic digital computers would satisfy the computing needs of the United States. Others have made similar errant predictions about the amount of computing power that would support our growing technological needs. Of course, Aiken didn't count on the large amounts of data generated by scientific research, the proliferation of personal computers or the emergence of the Internet, which have only fueled our need for more, more and more computing power.

Will we ever have the amount of computing power we need or want? If, as Moore's Law states, the number of transistors on a microprocessor continues to double every 18 months, the year 2020 or 2030 will find the circuits on a microprocessor measured on an atomic scale. And the logical next step will be to create quantum computers, which will harness the power of atoms and molecules to perform memory and processing tasks. Quantum computers have the potential to perform certain calculations significantly faster than any silicon-based computer.

Scientists have already built basic quantum computers that can perform certain calculations; but a practical quantum computer is still years away. In this article, you'll learn what a quantum computer is and just what it'll be used for in the next era of computing.

You don't have to go back too far to find the origins of quantum computing. While computers have been around for the majority of the 20th century, quantum computing was first theorized less than 30 years ago, by a physicist at the Argonne National Laboratory. Paul Benioff is credited with first applying quantum theory to computers in 1981. Benioff theorized about creating a quantum Turing machine. Most digital computers, like the one you are using to read this article, are based on the Turing Theory. Learn what this is in the next section.

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encryption – How secure is AES-256? – Cryptography Stack …

An interesting thing about some modern standardized ciphers, like AES, is that the government is "eating its own dogfood" by using them internally. (AES 192 and 256 are approved for top-secret data.) Back in the day (up through the 90s), U.S. government internal encryption standards was not closely aligned with public sector cryptography, and we largely had to speculate as to whether public crypto could hold up to the government standards; the NSA had a history of knowing more crypto than they let on. But now that they are willing to stake their own security on them, that seems like a decent endorsement of those algorithms.

The U.S. government has conflicting goals: they want to be able to break crypto, but at the same time, in the interest of protecting the citizen in the digital age, they want us to be protected against the crypto attacks of others. So much of our modern economy relies on crypto that we want a high security margin on it. Since the 90s, crypto knowledge in the public and foreign intelligence domains has sky rocketed, and a vulnerability that the NSA can exploit is possibly a vulnerability that someone else can exploit. So at the drafting of AES, we doubt that they were focused on choosing a candidate that could be broken and kind of suspect they wanted a candidate that could not be.

Since you only break crypto when you don't have the key, to compromise those two goals they could just allow us mathematically secure crypto, then focus on getting the keys instead. If they can recover keys, they don't care how strong our crypto is. Attacking the endpoints that generate the keys is not always as hard as it seems (consider how many user and corporate machines get infected with malware, and think about what sort of key-related backdoors could be planted in popular software), and a simple subpoena might get keys in some situations. As more user data moves toward the cloud, backdoors in public services (voluntarily provided or not) are going to make the job of key recovery even easier.

Summary of these two points:

The federal government is allowed to use AES for top-secret information.

We don't know that they would actually want AES to be mathematically breakable, so at the AES competition 11 years ago it is possible they would have avoided any algorithm they thought they could break in the near future.

None of that is proof, but we tend to assume that the NSA can't break AES.

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10 Best Free Cloud Storage Services in 2019 [Updated …

Cloud Computing is a revolution in the IT world that has changed the meaning of IT resources for businesses. In simple terms, cloud computing is related to the delivery of cloud computing services storage, compute, networking, database, and more over the internet. Cloud storage is what we have adopted intentionally or unintentionally; there is a buzz all around about the free cloud storage solutions.

The cloud storages have nowadays become a prized possession for very small and large business groups. The businesses try not to rely on hardware that is costly and thereby want to switch their data to the best free cloud storage available. But there are many businesses that have a very less knowledge of cloud storage and hence are surrounded by the blind beliefs of the traditional storage devices.

Preparing to become a certified cloud professional? Check our Cloud Certifications Training Courses now!

To benefit such businesses, we have compiled this blog to help them understand what is cloud storage and what are the best cloud storage options available for their businesses. Lets get started!

The traditional methods of storing data such as hard drives and pen drives or any other storage device have a lot of advantages associated. But once the storage device gets corrupted all the data stored gets lost. Hence the virtual cloud storage is a replica of the traditional storage devices where the users can store their data and keep their backup files on hardware and USB flash drives.

The IT sectors are always stressed out when its time for them to switch over to new software or technologies as this makes them hire more employees, but with the best free cloud storage available, the investment of the IT sectors has reduced comparatively. The best free cloud storage club members have introduced many free plans for businesses to ease their search for free storage.

There are a number of free cloud storage options available these days. These cloud storage are easy to use and provide free storage space up to50GB. These storage solutions can be used for personal as well as business storage. All you need is get some basic knowledge about these free cloud storage and choose the most suitable one. Here we bring the list of the best free cloud storage, lets dive deep to know more about these cloud storage solutions.

As we know all online storage works the same way i.e. we use a file, store on the web, and sync it in our computers. But there are many standing features of Google Drive that makes it special among all the other cloud storage because it lets the users store their personal stuff in a personal way and moreover the Google free cloud storage provides with an excellent free storage of 15GB and is one of the best cloud storage.

The Google Drive offline services help its users to view all the files and photos that are saved online even when they have a bad network service. Scanning documents have now become much easier by just taking a snap of the document and the rest is done by the drive like storing them in PDF form. Google free cloud storage is considered the best which is integrated with all other Google services.

Recommended Reading:Introduction to Cloud Computing

Media Fire is easy to use and one of the best free cloud storage used for storing documents and photos online. The initial free storage that media fire provides is 10GB but their incredible feature is that the free storage can be increased up to 50 GB. This cloud storage has many features which has made handling of files easier.

Media fire has made possible uploading multiple files at once from any browser which is a unique feature and makes it different from the others. Organizing files in the file manager of Media Fire have become easier. Searching for something that gives a perfect personal document features? The Media Fire is here to ease your search as it helps the users in sending documents with a specialized and free one time link which enables the recipients to share it further.

This is also one of the other best free cloud storage available. Syn.com provides a free storage of about 5GB. It has become quite easy to back up files with Sync.com only when the users have used something better than the sync folder because exploring the sync.com web panel which offers incredible features is productive. The best feature of the Sync.com is the restoring of deleted files and thereby stops users from regretting for mysteriously lost important documents.

Get free space feature is the most excellent feature that syn.com offers. If a user wants to get a bit more space for files and photos what is to be done is tell a friend about Sync and the number of friends signs up for sync gets a free gigabyte along with the user who recommends it to others. The Sync Vault is a feature which helps the users to save files and documents in a special storage space known as Vault which is different from the Sync folder and all that is required to be done just select a file and choose the option of Copy to Vault and your important data gets a backup.

The Mega cloud storage is a great storage space which is much similar to the dropbox storage but the difference between the two is the amount of the space that both the cloud storage provides. 50GB of free space is available for the Mega cloud storage users. Mega cloud storage helps users to download multiple files in the zip file and uploading files through the mobile app is also possible.

The unbeatable storage of 50GB has made it among one of the popular free cloud storage available and has attracted a large number of users towards Mega cloud storage. The users who are searching for an excellent backup file option should definitely sign up Mega cloud storage as it only provides with the best storage but also with the many security features.

Also Read: LatestCloud Computing Trendsin 2019

This is one of the powerful and latest free cloud storage compared to all other cloud storages because of its great back up features. Any type of small and large powerpoint presentations, photos, videos or maybe even other large CAD files can be safely kept in the Dropbox. Dropbox provides the users with easy sync features that help to access the files and documents to the Dropbox from any device.

Dropbox free storage provides users with many features that are extremely helpful. One of the helpful features is that a user can protect all the files and documents in a lost device by clearing the documents from the device with the remote wipe feature that it provides. Dropbox free storage offers a good storage space (2GB) that is free but in case of users are in need of more space, there are many plans that can help them to get the desired storage of their choice.

pCloud is one of the best free cloud storage options that provides 2TB storage and its unlimited remote upload traffic feature makes it unique. It offers 10GB of free storage space to its basic accounts. Resizing pictures on the go without the help of software has now become much easier with my.pCloud, which provides with a wide range of resizing options for its users.

The archive features the pCloud offers is amazing as files can be archived with the create archive option that it provides. The pCloud drive has an option that helps the users automatically lock the crypto folders each and every time they log off from the device.

Keeping documents and files within reach has become possible with the top free cloud storage solutions such as Microsoft OneDrive. Signing up with Microsoft can help users in keeping everything in one place. It earlier provided 15GB of free space to the users but has now reduced to 10GB. It can be accessed from any device at any point of time but is pre-installed in windows. This cloud storage is considered to be the second most wanted storage among businessman after the Dropbox storage cloud.

The main disadvantage of outlook was the user frustration of saving attachments from emails because of the number of steps that involved but it has now become easier for the businesses to choose email attachments and save it directly in folders. Now it has also become easier to create excel surveys and save it in OneDrive.

Must Read:Top 5 Cloud Computing Certifications

The Apple iCloud is the best free cloud storage for Apple users. Initially, it provides the users with 5GB of free storage. All documents and files can be stored safely and it is easy to use. The users of Apple iCloud can share photos and videos with ease with their family members. Organizing files and folders has become easy with Apple iCloud. Apple iCloud helps in sending messages and automatically and saves them. Even the users can start conversations from the exact point that they have stopped earlier.

The Next cloud is another best free cloud storage which helps in protecting data and has a lot of exciting features that attracts users. It provides an excellent backup feature which helps the users to keep track of all the data even after the device is lost. The Next Cloud provides a two-factor authentication to its users which in turn, provides an extra protection towards account usage.

This is another best free cloud storage available that helps the users in saving photos and files securely. This cloud storage has many features which have made handling of files easier. Maintaining a perfect workflow i.e. sharing of photos, videos, and documents have now become easier with the powerful features of Amazon Drive. It provides 24*7 support and 5GB of free storage after signing up.

Since it is all about getting the best free cloud storage, it is very important to understand the features that make the best cloud storage. There are many cloud storage providers that not only provide you the free cloud storage but also with many other features. Some cloud storages are there in the market that not only provides the best user experience and incredible features but helps users to enjoy the free services after the signup. But the other cloud storage that is mentioned above is also worth signing up as they all come up with unique features and free storage facilities.

The importance of cloud storage is increasing with the enhanced cloud growth and latestcloud computing trends. With the enhanced growth and the adoption of cloud by businesses and enterprises, the demand for cloud professionals is increasing. And there are even more opportunities for those having a cloud certification.

So, if you are planning to build a career in cloud computing or an aspired cloud professional looking for career growth, start preparing for the cloud certification. Whizlabs Cloud Certification Training Courses will help you in your journey of becoming a certified cloud professional. We are the pioneers among online certification training providers and have helped millions of professionals in getting their career one level up.

So, take a step ahead and join us to become a certified cloud professional.

Wish you the best for your certified cloud career!

Have any query/concern regarding cloud storage solutions? Just write below in the comment section or submit your query at Whizlabs Helpdesk, well respond to you in no time.

About Neeru JainTechnology Scientist by Mind and Passionate Writer by Heart!!With an enthusiasm for technological research and learning, Neeru turned out to be a technology expert. Her Belief: Words are powerful enough to change Mind, Life, and the World; only the writer should have a real passion for Writing!!

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Trend Micro – Simply Security News, Views and Opinions from …

Welcome to our weekly roundup, where we share what you need to know about the cybersecurity news and events that happened over the past few days. This week, learn how criminals can use tax deadlines for social engineering schemes and redirection URLs in spam emails to sidestep spam filters. Read on: Beware Tax Scams and

The Internet of Things (IoT) is transforming the way we live, work and play. You can find it in the fitness trackers you might be wearing to monitor step count and heart rate. Or the car you may be driving. But more than anywhere else, youll see IoT at home in an increasing array of

At Trend Micro, its our mission to secure the connected world. However, we want to go beyond the boundaries of the cybersecurity industry to support and learn from the technology innovators of tomorrow. Thats what our venture arm, Trend Forward Capital, is all about. As part of these efforts, we held a pitch-off competition this

Welcome to our weekly roundup, where we share what you need to know about the cybersecurity news and events that happened over the past few days. This week, learn about vulnerabilities that can allow hackers to retrieve data from CPUs and mine cryptocurrency. Read on: Mays Patch Tuesday Include Fixes for Wormable Flaw in

Email is a mature technology, but threats targeting email are evolving and getting more sophisticated. 97%1 of ransomware attacks come from email. Thats why there are so many email security vendors and solutions in the market offering different types of technologies and coverages. Picking the best email security solution for an organization can be overwhelming.

Welcome to our weekly roundup, where we share what you need to know about the cybersecurity news and events that happened over the past few days. This week, learn how credit card skimming attacks can impact businesses and how ransomware can use software installations to help hide malicious activities. Read on: Mirrorthief Group Uses Magecart

Malice Vs Greed Most discussion about security in the supply chain has been focused on detecting tampering, or preventing backdoors or sneaky things being inserted into components and software. Theres another aspect emerging and will dwarf the tampering: devices that are counterfeited for profit indirectly causing security problems. Counterfeit devices are ones that either by

Online passwords are sensitive data. When they end up in the wrong hands, your private information is at risk. Since cybercriminals are always searching out new ways to break into those online accounts, you need to watch over the passwords to your accounts as if they were your children. Since we typically access our accounts

Welcome to our weekly roundup, where we share what you need to know about the cybersecurity news and events that happened over the past few days. This week, learn about the prevalence and impact of BEC attacks. Also, find out how botnet malware can perform remote code execution, DDoS attacks and cryptocurrency mining. Read on:

Submitted by: Adam Boyle, Head of Product Management, Hybrid Cloud Security, Trend Micro When it comes to software container security, its important for enterprises to look at the big picture, taking into account how they see containers affecting their larger security requirements and future DevOps needs.Good practices can help security teams build a strategy that

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Linux Cloud Servers- instantly flexible

Linux feels like home in our cloudDiscover high performance cloud servers and leave traditional Linux Virtual Private Server (VPS) hosting behind. Traditional VPS providers slice up large dedicated servers to share them between customers. Typically VPS providers use a container technology to isolate multiple users on a single server from one another whilst running a single shared instance of Linux. By contrast, our Linux KVM technology enables every user to run their own isolated copy of Linux, providing a greater choice of distributions, higher performance, deeper configurability, stronger isolation and better security guarantees.Pre-Installed Linux Cloud ServersUbuntu 14.04 LTS

We offer both server and desktop editions of Ubuntu 14.04 as instantly deployable cloud servers. Creating a new Linux cloud server is as easy as clicking on the ready distribution. Pre-installed Ubuntu servers are instantly deployed allowing you to use them immediately as part of our cloud hosting Linux packages.

We offer Fedora 21 (and previous versions) as ready server images. Creating your new Fedora cloud server is simply a matter of deploying it to your Linux cloud computing account. Your new Fedora Linux server will be ready immediately after choosing it.

We offer CentOS 7 Linux from our library of pre-installed cloud servers. Creating your new Fedora cloud server is simply a matter of deploying it to your account. Your new CentOS Linux server will be ready immediately after choosing it.

Debian 7.8 Linux deploys instantly as a new cloud server. You have the choice of with or without X and your new Linux server will appear immediately in your cloud computing Linux account.

No problem, you find most versions of most Linux distributions in our drives library. If you cant find your version, you can even upload your own ISO file or disk image.

We have over 150 Linux distribution install CDs available from the drive library plus a number of pre-installed Windows cloud servers and FreeBSD cloud servers. If you wish to create a new custom system installation yourself you can do so. Our cloud hosting Linux servers offer a true cloud computing experience.

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Quantum computing could change everything, and IBM is …

In January, IBM made waves when it announced its IBM Q System One, the world's first gate model quantum computer available to businesses a system housed in a sleek, 9-cubic-foot glass case.

It's a major milestone for quantum computers, which had to date mostly been found in research labs. Already, IBM says, customers are lining up to figure out how to get their hands on this technology, which shows promise in fields as varied as chemistry, materials science, food production, aerospace, drug discovery, predicting the stock market and even fighting climate change.

The reason for excitement: a quantum computer has seemingly-magical properties that allow it to process exponentially more information than a conventional system. A quantum computer isn't just a much faster computer. Rather, it's an entirely different paradigm of computing that requires some radical rethinking.

Now, the race is on to be the first company to conquer the massive opportunity presented by this technology. IBM, Microsoft, Google, and other tech titans and startups alike are all placing big bets on the technology. Meanwhile, in December, the U.S. government passed the National Quantum Initiative Act, which proposes spending $1.2 billion over the next five years on labs, academia and companies to advance quantum computing technologies.

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For a Split Second, a Quantum Computer Made History Go …

The uncertainty principle, which lies at the heart of quantum mechanics, states that, at any given moment, either the location or the velocity of a subatomic particle can be specified, but not both. As a result, a particle such as an electron, or a system of them, is represented by a mathematical entity called a wave function, whose magnitude is a measure of the probability of finding a particle in a particular place or condition.

The wave function extends throughout space and time. The law describing its evolution, known as the Schrdinger equation, after Austrian physicist Erwin Schrdinger, is equally valid running forward or backward. But getting a wave function to go in reverse is no small trick.

Dr. Vinokur likened the challenge to sending a speeding billiard ball back to where it started. Seems easy: Just hit it with a cue stick. But if its a quantum ball, the uncertainty principle kicks in: You can know how hard to hit the ball, or in which direction to hit it, but not both.

Because of the uncertainty principle, the quantum ball will never return back to the point of the origin, Dr. Vinokur said.

Moreover, in quantum mechanics, the ball is actually a wave: Once its location is known, it spreads like ripples on a pond and evolves. Making it go backward takes more than a nudge with a cue stick. It requires reversing the phases of the waves, turning crests into troughs, and so forth, an operation too complex for nature to accomplish on its own.

Enter the quantum computer.

Unlike regular computers, which process a series of zeros and ones, or bits, quantum computers are made of so-called qubits, each of which can be zero and one at the same time. A quantum computer can perform thousands or millions of calculations simultaneously, so long as nobody looks to see what the answer is until the end.

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About – Stockfish – Open Source Chess Engine

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Get notified about new releases by following us on Twitter, liking us on Facebook, or reading our blog.

The Stockfish engine was developed by Tord Romstad, Marco Costalba, and Joona Kiiski. It is now being developed and maintained by the Stockfish community.

Stockfish for Mac was built by Daylen Yang. Stockfish for iOS was built by Tord Romstad.

The Stockfish project started with the open source Glaurung engine, authored by Tord Romstad. In November 2008, Marco Costalba forked the Glaurung 2.1 code and introduced Stockfish 1.0. Tord and Joona Kiiski joined the Stockfish project and the Glaurung project slowly faded away. Meanwhile, Stockfish quickly rose to become the strongest open source chess engine, with frequent updates every few months. Today, it remains one of the strongest engines in the world.

This website was built by Daylen Yang. The Stockfish icon was designed by Klein Maetschke.

Stockfish is free, and distributed under the GNU General Public License Version 3 (GPLv3). Essentially, this means that you are free to do almost exactly what you want with the program, including distributing it among your friends, making it available for download from your web site, selling it (either by itself or as part of some bigger software package), or using it as the starting point for a software project of your own.

The only real limitation is that whenever you distribute Stockfish in some way, you must always include the full source code, or a pointer to where the source code can be found. If you make any changes to the source code, these changes must also be made available under the GPL.

For full details, read the GPL.

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Kaspersky Internet Security – Wikipedia

Kaspersky Internet Security (often abbreviated to KIS) is an internet security suite developed by Kaspersky Lab compatible with Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X. KIS offers protection from malware, as well as email spam, phishing and hacking attempts, and data leaks. Kaspersky Lab Diagnostics results are distributed to relevant developers through MIT[clarify].

Version 6.0 was the first release of KIS.[3] PC World magazine praised version 6.0's detection of malware. KIS detected 100 percent of threats on a subset of the January 2006 wild-list, a list of prevalent threats. The suite detected almost 100 (99.57%) percent of adware samples. KIS has the ability to scan within compressed or packed files, detecting 83.3 percent of the "hidden" malware. However, version 6.0 was criticized for not completely removing malware by leaving Registry entries and files. PC World also highlighted the suite's false positives eight of 20,000 clean files were incorrectly flagged as malicious and its noticeable impact on computer performance. However, data is cached from each scan, making each subsequent scan faster. The firewall blocked all attacks from inside and outside the computer when tested.[4]

The magazine found the graphical user interface to be awkward to navigate. Features such as parental controls and instant messaging protection, found in competing suites from Symantec and McAfee, were not a part of version 6.0. Both CNET and PC World criticized the suite's relatively high retail price, US$79.95.

KIS 6.0 supports Windows 98 SE, ME, NT Workstation 4.0, 2000 Professional, XP Home Edition, XP Professional, XP Professional x64, and Vista. 50 megabytes of free space, Internet Explorer 5.5, and Windows Installer 2.0 are required. RAM and CPU requirements are dependent on the operating system.[5]

Version 7.0 introduced a redesigned GUI. Components were renamed and reorganized; the Anti-hacker module was renamed to the Firewall, and the Anti-Spy module was integrated with the Privacy Control module. PC World described the new interface as "intuitive" and "great-looking".[6]

Parental controls were introduced, with specific settings for different age categories, such as "child" or "parent". Within age categories are content categories, such as drugs or violence. Users can manually configure profiles. Filtering profiles can be associated with users. Since content is filtered at the network level, the feature will work with any Internet browser. The filter relies on a database of known URLs and can analyse websites in real-time. Attempts to access forbidden URLs are logged, and sites visited are tracked as well, raising privacy issues. Limits on Internet access may be set based on time, and chat rooms along with webmail sites can be manually blocked.[7]

Spam filtering integrates with Microsoft Outlook, Outlook Express, Windows Mail, and The Bat!. E-mail content is analysed and scored, and e-mail with scores above two specified thresholds are either marked as "!!spam" or "??probably spam". The Mail Dispatcher feature shows subject and sender information for messages, and allows users to avoid downloading blatant spam by selecting which messages to download. The filter self-trains by analyzing incoming and outgoing e-mail not marked as spam, or by analyzing folders only containing spam or valid e-mail. Senders of verified valid e-mail are whitelisted. E-mail can also be whitelisted or blacklisted based on phrases present in the text. E-mail with non-ASCII characters or invisible text can also be blocked. However, version 7.0 had a relatively poor showing, misidentifying 30 percent of valid messages in PC Magazine testing. 30 percent of spam also made to the inbox.[7]

Protection against data leaks was incorporated in this release. The suite warns users when programs attempt to access or send data from certain areas, such as where Internet Explorer stores webform information.[6]

Malware protection was mostly positive in detection and disinfection tests by AV-Test.org. Version 7.0 detected 100 percent of wildlist threats. Using one-month-old signatures and a set of new malware, however, detection fell to 14 percent. Files were scanned at 5.24 megabytes per second. Version 7.0 successfully identified all six actively running rootkits, four of six inactive rootkits, and was only able to remove two of six rootkits. The firewall correctly blocked all attempted outside connections, with a reasonable level of security when left on default settings.[6]

This version drops support for the Windows 98, 2000, and NT. Windows XP Service Pack 2 is required, except in the case of XP Professional x64 edition. Vista is supported as well. RAM and CPU requirements are dependent on the operating system. 75 megabytes of free space, Internet Explorer 5.5, and Windows Installer 2.0.

This version introduces a revised user interface, an application filtering module, an updated anti-virus engine, and a vulnerability scanner.[8] The main window separates settings in four categories, compared to eight in its predecessor. A status bar changes colour (green, yellow, and red) to reflect overall program status and flashes to divert attention when needed. PC Magazine also noted pop-up notifications were kept to a minimum.[9]

Kaspersky claims the core anti-virus engine was revised to increase scan speed. PC Magazine found an initial scan took over two hours, however subsequent scans took two minutes to complete. However, malware detection was relatively low in comparison to other anti-virus applications tested. Out of 650 thousand samples, version 8.0 detected 95.6 percent. The top score was around 99 percent. Using two-week-old signatures, version 8.0 detected 52 percent of viruses in a different set of samples. Kaspersky also blocked about 60 percent of malware based solely on behaviour. The top performers scored 55.3 percent and 80 percent respectively. Version 2009 detected 98.1 percent of adware. However, PC World noted to achieve that kind of performance, users will have to modify program settings. On default settings, KIS allowed Zango to install. To block the installation, users must enable KIS to scan for "other malware".[10]

The Security Analyzer looks for operating system and program patches. It also looks for vulnerable system settings, presenting users with a list of recommended actions to prevent malware from gaining access to a system. However, PC World criticized the amount of computer jargon used and lack of information about how adjust settings appropriately.[citation needed] On the other hand, PC Magazine found the feature straightforward, and often the solution involved downloading and installing an update.[11]

KIS uses a whitelist by Carbon Black to classify trusted and malicious programs. Malicious programs are not allowed to run at all. Unknown programs falling in between the two categories are restricted in the actions they can perform. Its firewall blocked all attacks in PC Magazine testing. Phishing protection was introduced in this release. Testing by PC Magazine found the feature blocked 44 percent of phishing URLs. Internet Explorer 7 blocked 67 percent of the URLs, and Mozilla Firefox blocked 81 percent.[12]

Spam filtering now integrates with Mozilla Thunderbird and scans NNTP traffic. Spam can be automatically diverted to its own folder. When using an unsupported e-mail client to download POP3, IMAP or NNTP mail, Kaspersky will still generate a report of all messages. However, in an unsupported client, there will be no toolbar nor will the program classify any messages as spam in the client itself.

Version 2010 of Kaspersky Internet Security introduced an overhauled user interface and a sandbox for running applications in a virtualized environment. The 9.0.0.736 build of KIS 2010 fully supported the Windows 7 operating system.[13]

The beta version was released for all windows users on 8 June 2010. This version included a new interface, as well as a gadget only available for Windows Vista and Windows 7 users.[14] PC Mag rated this version "very good" (4/5 stars). Its firewall was noted to be very good, but that made up for its only adequate malware detection rates.[15] Two critical fixes have been released by Kaspersky Lab, making the current version 11.0.2.556.[16]

On 1 March 2011, Kaspersky released the first build of version 2012, it came out as beta version and in English, French and Russian version, with more versions due out later.[17] On 7 June 2011 Kaspersky Lab announced the commercial release of Kaspersky Internet Security 2012 in France, Germany, Switzerland. The current version is 12.0.0.374.[18]

The beta version was released for all windows users on 3 March 2012. This version includes an interface which looks (currently, at least) much like Internet Security 2012. There is no Safe Run option, no Proactive Defense, while instead the behavioural monitoring System Watcher seems to be taking greater responsibility for detecting malware and a Safe Banking feature has been added.

The release candidate (build 13.0.1.4088 RC) was released for all windows users on 20 July 2012.

The Final Version was released on 28 August 2012 build 13.0.1.4190

Beta testing started on 12 March 2013.[19] This version introduced a Windows 8 like GUI design. The final version was released on 3 August 2013 build 14.0.0.4651 in India and Russia, then on August 13 in the USA and August 27 in the UK. The 2014 release was frequently characterized as inferior to user expectations, largely due to its removal of a range of granular fine-tuning options in 2013 and earlier, which were used by experienced users; a number of these were added back in the 2015 beta by the time of its technical release (build 463).

As of February 13, 2014 build 14.0.0.4651(E) was released. Build 14.0.0.4651(I) is the latest (current) version.

In April 2014, a beta version of the 2015 product, build 463, was released, followed by a technical release preview, of the near-complete 2015 product. The first official release of the product was in Bangladesh in June 2014.[20]

In March 2015, Bloomberg accused Kaspersky of having close ties to Russian military and intelligence officials.[21] Kaspersky slammed the claims in his blog, calling the coverage "sensationalist" and guilty of "exploiting paranoia" to "increase readership".[22]

As a result of alleged Russian involvement in the 2016 Presidential Election and ongoing investigations, the Department of Homeland Security officially banned the use of the Kaspersky Internet Security by the United States federal government in September, 2017.[23]

As of December 12, 2017, the use of Kaspersky software is banned from use by the American federal government by law.[24]

Link:
Kaspersky Internet Security - Wikipedia

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